[{"ID":"389","ClassID":"21","Title":"\u6CBB\u7597\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\uFF0C\u6709\u601D\u8DEF\u624D\u6709\u51FA\u8DEF\uFF01","SubTitle":"\u6CBB\u7597\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\uFF0C\u6709\u601D\u8DEF\u624D\u6709\u51FA\u8DEF\uFF01","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"\u3000\u3000\u732A\u75C5\u7684\u6CBB\u7597\u8BB2\u7A76\u7684\u662F\u75BE\u75C5\u548C\u836F\u7269\u7684\u5BF9\u5E94\uFF0C\u53EA\u6709\u6B63\u786E\u8BCA\u65AD\u51FA\u75BE\u75C5\u7684\u75C5\u56E0\uFF0C\u6839\u636E\u75C5\u56E0\u9009\u62E9\u76F8\u5E94\u7684\u836F\u7269\uFF0C\u914D\u4EE5\u9002\u5408\u7684\u5242\u91CF\uFF0C\u76F8\u5E94\u7684\u7ED9\u836F\u65B9\u5F0F\uFF0C\u624D\u4F1A\u8FBE\u5230\u9884\u671F\u7684\u6CBB\u7597\u76EE\u7684\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n\u3000\u3000\u5C31\u201C\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\u7528\u4EC0\u4E48\u836F\u80FD\u6700\u5FEB\u8D77\u6548\uFF1F\u201D\u8FD9\u4E2A\u95EE\u9898\u6765\u8BF4\uFF0C\u62C9\u7A00\u53EA\u662F\u75BE\u75C5\u5916\u5728\u75C7\u72B6\u7684\u8868\u73B0\uFF0C\u4E0D\u662F\u75BE\u75C5\u7684\u672C\u6E90\uFF0C\u5982\u679C\u5E94\u7528\u5BF9\u75C7\u7684\u836F\u7269\uFF0C\u89C1\u6548\u5FEB\uFF0C\u4F46\u662F\u89E3\u51B3\u4E0D\u4E86\u6839\u672C\uFF0C\u4E5F\u5C31\u662F\u8BF4\u590D\u53D1\u7684\u53EF\u80FD\u6027\u5F88\u5927\uFF0C\u771F\u6B63\u7684\u6CBB\u7597\uFF0C\u662F\u5BF9\u75C5\u56E0\u548C\u75C7\u72B6\u7684\u7EFC\u5408\u5224\u65AD\uFF0C\u5206\u8F7B\u91CD\u7F13\u6025\uFF0C\u6807\u672C\u517C\u6CBB\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n\u3000\u30001\u3001\u5148\u5929\u6027\u5F31\u80CE\u3000\u3000
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\n      \u9996\u5148\u7531\u4E8E\u4F53\u683C\u7626\u5F31\uFF0C\u96BE\u4EE5\u9002\u5E94\u73AF\u5883\u53D8\u5316\uFF1B\u3000\u3000

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\n\u3000\u3000\u518D\u6B21\uFF0C\u521A\u51FA\u751F\u4E0D\u4E45\u7684\u5C0F\u732A\uFF0C\u9700\u8981\u4F9D\u9760\u5916\u5728\u5FAE\u751F\u7269\u5EFA\u7ACB\u80A0\u9053\u83CC\u7FA4\u4FDD\u62A4\uFF0C\u80A0\u9053\u514D\u75AB\u529F\u80FD\u624D\u4F1A\u9010\u6B65\u53D1\u80B2\u5B8C\u5584\uFF0C\u5728\u6B64\u671F\u95F4\u4E5F\u662F\u6700\u8106\u5F31\u7684\u9636\u6BB5\uFF0C\u80A0\u9053\u5728\u672A\u9002\u5E94\u83CC\u7FA4\u4E4B\u524D\uFF0C\u4E5F\u6700\u5BB9\u6613\u8868\u73B0\u51FA\u80A0\u9053\u75BE\u75C5\u75C7\u72B6\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n\u3000\u30002\u3001\u540E\u5929\u7684\u611F\u67D3\u3000\u3000
\n\u3000\u3000\u540E\u5929\u611F\u67D3\u7684\u75BE\u75C5\uFF0C\u4E3B\u8981\u4EE5\u9EC4\u767D\u75E2\u4E3A\u4E3B\uFF08\u6761\u4EF6\u6027\u81F4\u75C5\uFF09\uFF0C\u6B64\u75BE\u75C5\u5728\u4E34\u5E8A\u4E0A\u5E38\u89C1\uFF0C\u6CBB\u7597\u8D77\u6765\u4E5F\u76F8\u5BF9\u5BB9\u6613\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000\u7EA2\u8272\u8840\u75E2\u867D\u8BF4\u5C11\u89C1\uFF0C\u4F46\u611F\u67D3\u540E\u5F88\u96BE\u6CBB\u6108\u3002\u3000\u3000
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\n\u3000\u30003\u3001\u73AF\u5883\u7684\u523A\u6FC0\u3000\u3000
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\n\u3000\u30004\u3001\u8425\u517B\u7684\u5931\u8861\u3000\u3000
\n\u3000\u3000\u8425\u517B\u6027\u8179\u6CFB\u7684\u53D1\u751F\u4E3B\u8981\u662F\u5976\u6C34\u8D28\u91CF\u4E0D\u9AD8\u3002\u4F46\u5728\u65AD\u5976\u671F\u95F4\uFF0C\u56E0\u6362\u6599\u7684\u5E94\u6FC0\u6216\u5BF9\u673A\u4F53\u6765\u8BB2\u9972\u6599\u4E2D\u5B58\u5728\u8D85\u654F\u6210\u5206\u3001\u6216\u86CB\u767D\u8D28\u8FC7\u9AD8\u7B49\u56E0\u7D20\u53EF\u9020\u6210\u660E\u663E\u7684\u8179\u6CFB\u53D1\u751F\u3002\u5F53\u7136\uFF0C\u9709\u53D8\u9972\u6599\u4E5F\u662F\u5BFC\u81F4\u732A\u53D1\u751F\u8179\u6CFB\u7684\u4E3B\u8981\u56E0\u7D20\u4E4B\u4E00\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n\u3000\u3000\u7EFC\u4E0A\u6240\u8FF0\uFF0C\u5BFC\u81F4\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\u7684\u539F\u56E0\u6709\u5F88\u591A\uFF0C\u53EA\u8981\u627E\u51C6\u75C5\u56E0\uFF0C\u786E\u5B9A\u6B63\u786E\u7684\u6CBB\u7597\u601D\u8DEF\uFF0C\u6700\u540E\u518D\u5F00\u836F\u8FDB\u884C\u6295\u836F\u6CBB\u7597\uFF0C\u4EFB\u4F55\u732A\u75C5\u90FD\u53EF\u6CBB\u6108\u3002
\n
\n\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u4E1A\u89C6\u89D2/\u7F51\u7EDC\u8D44\u6E90
\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002
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\n      \u9AD8\u80FD\u91CF\u6444\u5165\u663E\u8457\u63D0\u9AD8\u6BCD\u732A\u5728\u598A\u5A20110\u5929\u65F6\u7684\u4F53\u91CD\uFF08P=0.031\uFF09\uFF0C\u4EE5\u53CA\u4ED4\u732A\u521D\u751F\u91CD\uFF08P=0.018\uFF09\u3002\u80FD\u91CF\u6444\u5165\u7684\u589E\u52A0\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u6BCD\u732A\u548C\u4ED4\u732A\u8840\u6D46\u4E2D\u7518\u6CB9\u4E09\u916F\u6C34\u5E73\uFF08P=0.027\uFF0C0.044\uFF09\u3002\u6BCD\u732A\u9AD8\u80FD\u91CF\u6444\u5165\u6539\u53D8\u4E86\u65B0\u751F\u4ED4\u732A\u809D\u810F\u4EE3\u8C22\uFF0C\u4E0E\u78B3\u6C34\u5316\u5408\u7269\u548C\u4E9A\u6CB9\u9178\u4EE3\u8C22\u76F8\u5173\u7684\u4EE3\u8C22\u4EA7\u7269\u3002\u6B64\u5916\uFF0C\u9AD8\u80FD\u7EC4\u65B0\u751F\u4ED4\u732A\u809D\u810F\u603B\u80C6\u56FA\u9187\u548C\u7518\u6CB9\u4E09\u916F\u6C34\u5E73\u663E\u8457\u63D0\u9AD8\uFF08P=0.023,0.026\uFF09\uFF0C\u809D\u810F\u4E2D\u8102\u80AA\u9178\u5408\u6210\u9176\u7684\u8F6C\u5F55\u4E30\u5EA6\u548C\u78F7\u9178\u86CB\u767D\u6FC0\u9176B\u7684\u86CB\u767D\u4E30\u5EA6\u663E\u8457\u63D0\u9AD8\uFF08P=0.001,0.001\uFF09\u3002\u9AD8\u6DC0\u7C89/\u8102\u80AA\u663E\u8457\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u6BCD\u732A\u8840\u6D46\u3001\u65B0\u751F\u4ED4\u732A\u8840\u6D46\u548C\u809D\u810F\u4E2D\u4F4E\u5BC6\u5EA6\u8102\u86CB\u767D\u80C6\u56FA\u9187\u7684\u6C34\u5E73\uFF08P=0.044,0.048,0.015\uFF09\u3002\u6BCD\u732A\u65E5\u7CAE\u9AD8\u6DC0\u7C89/\u8102\u80AA\u663E\u8457\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u65B0\u751F\u4ED4\u732A\u8102\u80AA\u9178\u5408\u6210\u9176\u7684\u8F6C\u5F55\u4E30\u5EA6\u3002
\n
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\n
\n
\nEffect of maternal dietary starch-to-fat ratio and daily energy intake during late pregnancy on the performance and lipid metabolism of primiparous sows and newborn piglets
\nThe present study evaluated the effects of maternal dietary energy intake and starch-to-fat ratio during late gestation on the performance and lipid metabolism of sows and their offspring. On day 84 of gestation, 80 Landrace \u00D7 Yorkshire primiparous sows were assigned to 2 \u00D7 2 factorial arrangements according to body weight following a randomized complete block design. The factors were daily energy intake (8,375 kcal ME/d [CE] vs. 9,600 kcal ME/d [HE]) and dietary starch-to-fat ratio (10:1 [CR] vs. 15:1 [HR]). All sows were fed one of four diets from day 85 of gestation until farrowing. Data were analyzed using the GLM procedure in SPSS. High energy intake increased the body weight of sows on day 110 of gestation (P = 0.031) as well as the weight of piglets at birth (P = 0.018). Increased energy intake elevated the plasma triglyceride concentrations in sows (P = 0.027) and piglets (P = 0.044). Maternal high energy intake altered the liver metabolome of newborn piglets in terms of metabolites related to carbohydrate and linoleic acid metabolism. Moreover, maternal high energy intake increased hepatic total cholesterol (P = 0.023) and triglyceride (P = 0.026) concentration in newborn piglets. Furthermore, maternal high energy intake significantly increased the transcript abundance of fatty acid synthase (FAS; P = 0.001) and protein abundance of phosphorylated protein kinase B (P =0.001) in the liver of newborn piglets. A high starch-to-fat ratio reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentration in the plasma of sows (P = 0.044) and newborn piglets (P = 0.048) as well as in the liver of newborn piglets (P = 0.015). Furthermore, maternal high starch-to-fat ratio increased the transcript abundances of FAS (P = 0.004) in newborn piglets. In conclusion, high daily energy intake of sows increased the birth weight of newborn piglets. Moreover, maternal high daily energy intake and high dietary starch-to-fat ratio improved the lipid metabolism of newborn piglets.
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On day 84 of gestation, 80 Landrace × Yorkshire primiparous sows were assigned to 2 × 2 factorial arrangements according to body weight following a randomized complete block design. The factors were daily energy intake (8,375 kcal ME/d [CE] vs. 9,600 kcal ME/d [HE]) and dietary starch-to-fat ratio (10:1 [CR] vs. 15:1 [HR]). All sows were fed one of four diets from day 85 of gestation until farrowing. Data were analyzed using the GLM procedure in SPSS. High energy intake increased the body weight of sows on day 110 of gestation (P = 0.031) as well as the weight of piglets at birth (P = 0.018). Increased energy intake elevated the plasma triglyceride concentrations in sows (P = 0.027) and piglets (P = 0.044). Maternal high energy intake altered the liver metabolome of newborn piglets in terms of metabolites related to carbohydrate and linoleic acid metabolism. Moreover, maternal high energy intake increased hepatic total cholesterol (P = 0.023) and triglyceride (P = 0.026) concentration in newborn piglets. Furthermore, maternal high energy intake significantly increased the transcript abundance of fatty acid synthase (FAS; P = 0.001) and protein abundance of phosphorylated protein kinase B (P =0.001) in the liver of newborn piglets. A high starch-to-fat ratio reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentration in the plasma of sows (P = 0.044) and newborn piglets (P = 0.048) as well as in the liver of newborn piglets (P = 0.015). Furthermore, maternal high starch-to-fat ratio increased the transcript abundances of FAS (P = 0.004) in newborn piglets. In conclusion, high daily energy intake of sows increased the birth weight of newborn piglets. Moreover, maternal high daily energy intake and high dietary starch-to-fat ratio improved the lipid metabolism of newborn 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\n\u9972\u7528\u8C46\u7C95\u51CF\u91CF\u66FF\u4EE3\u6210\u6548\u663E\u8457\n

\n

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\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u6211\u56FD\u517B\u6B96\u4E1A\u7684\u9972\u6599\u914D\u65B9\u7ED3\u6784\u4EE5\u7389\u7C73\u3001\u8C46\u7C95\u4E3A\u4E3B\u3002\u8C46\u7C95\u662F\u5927\u8C46\u538B\u69A8\u751F\u4EA7\u98DF\u7528\u6CB9\u540E\u5F97\u5230\u7684\u526F\u4EA7\u7269\uFF0C\u56E0\u5176\u86CB\u767D\u542B\u91CF\u9AD8\u3001\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\u7EC4\u6210\u4E0E\u52A8\u7269\u9700\u6C42\u76F8\u8FD1\uFF0C\u5168\u7403\u5728\u52A8\u7269\u517B\u6B96\u4E2D\u5E7F\u6CDB\u4F7F\u7528\u3002\u6211\u56FD\u9972\u7528\u8C46\u7C95\u4E3B\u8981\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u8FDB\u53E3\u5927\u8C46\u538B\u69A8\u751F\u4EA7\uFF0C\u6BCF\u5428\u5927\u8C46\u53EF\u4EA7\u8C46\u7C95\u7EA6780\u516C\u65A4\uFF0C\u56FD\u5185\u5927\u8C46\u538B\u69A8\u4F01\u4E1A\u6BCF\u5E74\u8C46\u7C95\u4EA7\u91CF\u4E3A7000\u591A\u4E07\u5428\uFF0C\u7EDD\u5927\u90E8\u5206\u8FDB\u5165\u4E86\u9972\u6599\u751F\u4EA7\u3002\n

\n\t\u8FD1\u5E74\u6765\uFF0C\u56FD\u9645\u5E02\u573A\u8C46\u7C95\u4EF7\u683C\u4E0A\u6DA8\u8F83\u5FEB\u4E14\u4E0D\u7A33\u5B9A\uFF0C\u7ED9\u56FD\u5185\u517B\u6B96\u4E1A\u53D1\u5C55\u5E26\u6765\u4E00\u5B9A\u56F0\u6270\uFF0C\u591A\u5143\u914D\u65B9\u3001\u5C11\u7528\u8C46\u7C95\u3001\u964D\u4F4E\u98CE\u9669\u6210\u4E3A\u884C\u4E1A\u5171\u8BC6\uFF0C\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u63A8\u8FDB\u9972\u7528\u8C46\u7C95\u51CF\u91CF\u66FF\u4EE3\uFF0C\u53D6\u5F97\u663E\u8457\u6210\u6548\u3002\n

\n

\n\t\u636E\u4E2D\u56FD\u9972\u6599\u5DE5\u4E1A\u534F\u4F1A\u7EDF\u8BA1\uFF0C2021\u5E74\u5168\u56FD\u9972\u6599\u4F01\u4E1A\u8C46\u7C95\u7528\u91CF\u6BD4\u4E0A\u5E74\u589E\u957F5.7%\uFF0C\u4F46\u8FDC\u5C0F\u4E8E\u5DE5\u4E1A\u9972\u6599\u4EA7\u91CF16.1%\u7684\u589E\u5E45\u3002\u636E\u4E13\u5BB6\u6D4B\u7B97\uFF0C2021\u5E74\u5168\u56FD\u517B\u6B96\u4E1A\u9972\u6599\u6D88\u8017\u91CF\u7EA6\u4E3A4.5\u4EBF\u5428\uFF0C\u8C46\u7C95\u7528\u91CF\u5728\u9972\u6599\u4E2D\u7684\u5360\u6BD4\u4E3A15.3%\uFF0C\u6BD42020\u5E74\u4E0B\u964D2.4\u4E2A\u767E\u5206\u70B9\uFF0C\u8282\u7EA6\u8C46\u7C95\u9972\u7528\u91CF1080\u4E07\u5428\uFF0C\u6298\u5408\u5927\u8C461400\u4E07\u5428\u3002\u4E0E\u6B64\u76F8\u4F50\u8BC1\uFF0C2021\u5E74\u6211\u56FD\u8089\u7C7B\u548C\u725B\u5976\u4EA7\u91CF\u521B\u5386\u53F2\u65B0\u9AD8\uFF0C\u4F46\u5927\u8C46\u8FDB\u53E3\u91CF\u672A\u589E\u53CD\u964D\uFF0C\u6BD42020\u5E74\u51CF\u5C11381\u4E07\u5428\u3002\n

\n

\n\t
\n

\n

\n\t\u4E09\u65B9\u9762\u4E3E\u63AA\u51CF\u5C11\u8FDB\u53E3\u5927\u8C46\u4F9D\u8D56\n

\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u91C7\u53D6\u4E86\u54EA\u4E9B\u63AA\u65BD\u63A8\u8FDB\u9972\u7528\u8C46\u7C95\u51CF\u91CF\u66FF\u4EE3\uFF1F\n

\n\t\u7B54\uFF1A2021\u5E743\u6708\uFF0C\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u5236\u5B9A\u4E86\u300A\u9972\u6599\u4E2D\u7389\u7C73\u8C46\u7C95\u51CF\u91CF\u66FF\u4EE3\u5DE5\u4F5C\u65B9\u6848\u300B\uFF0C\u79EF\u6781\u5F00\u8F9F\u65B0\u9972\u6599\u8D44\u6E90\uFF0C\u5F15\u5BFC\u725B\u7F8A\u517B\u6B96\u51CF\u5C11\u7CBE\u6599\u7528\u91CF\uFF0C\u901A\u8FC7\u201C\u63D0\u6548\u3001\u5F00\u6E90\u3001\u8C03\u7ED3\u6784\u201D\u7B49\u7EFC\u5408\u63AA\u65BD\uFF0C\u51CF\u5C11\u5BF9\u8FDB\u53E3\u5927\u8C46\u7684\u4F9D\u8D56\uFF1A\n

\n

\n\t\u2014\u2014\u63A8\u884C\u4F4E\u86CB\u767D\u65E5\u7CAE\u3002\u7EC4\u7EC7\u4E13\u5BB6\u5236\u5B9A\u4E86\u8C46\u7C95\u51CF\u91CF\u4F7F\u7528\u7684\u6280\u672F\u89C4\u8303\uFF0C\u4EE5\u4F4E\u86CB\u767D\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E3A\u6838\u5FC3\uFF0C\u63A8\u884C\u9972\u6599\u7CBE\u51C6\u914D\u65B9\u548C\u7CBE\u7EC6\u52A0\u5DE5\uFF0C\u901A\u8FC7\u63D0\u9AD8\u6548\u7387\u63A8\u52A8\u8C46\u7C95\u51CF\u91CF\u3002\u7EC4\u7EC7\u5168\u56FD\u9972\u6599\u9886\u519B\u4F01\u4E1A\u548C\u4E09\u5341\u5F3A\u4F01\u4E1A\u5411\u5168\u884C\u4E1A\u53D1\u51FA\u5021\u8BAE\u30022021\u5E74\uFF0C\u5168\u56FD33\u5BB6\u767E\u4E07\u5428\u4EE5\u4E0A\u89C4\u6A21\u9972\u6599\u4F01\u4E1A\u751F\u4EA7\u7684\u914D\u5408\u9972\u6599\u4E2D\u8C46\u7C95\u7528\u91CF\u5360\u6BD4\u5E73\u5747\u4E3A11.8%\uFF0C\u6BD4\u4E0A\u5E74\u4E0B\u964D1.6\u4E2A\u767E\u5206\u70B9\u3002\n

\n

\n\t\u2014\u2014\u7528\u8DB3\u7528\u597D\u86CB\u767D\u8D44\u6E90\u3002\u5BF9\u4EE5\u4E00\u6C27\u5316\u78B3\u4E3A\u539F\u6599\u751F\u4EA7\u7684\u4E59\u9187\u68AD\u83CC\u86CB\u767D\u8FDB\u884C\u4E86\u5B89\u5168\u6027\u548C\u6709\u6548\u6027\u8BC4\u4EF7\uFF0C\u9881\u53D1\u4E86\u9996\u5F20\u65B0\u9972\u6599\u539F\u6599\u8BC1\u4E66\uFF0C\u5B9E\u73B0\u5DE5\u5382\u5316\u6761\u4EF6\u4E0B\u5229\u7528\u65E0\u673A\u7269\u5927\u89C4\u6A21\u751F\u4EA7\u4F18\u8D28\u86CB\u767D\u539F\u6599\uFF0C\u76EE\u524D\u5DF2\u5F62\u6210\u4E07\u5428\u7EA7\u4EA7\u91CF\u89C4\u6A21\u3002\u542F\u52A8\u5B9E\u65BD\u4E86\u9910\u684C\u5269\u4F59\u98DF\u7269\u9972\u6599\u5316\u5229\u7528\u7B49\u8BD5\u70B9\uFF0C\u5728\u786E\u4FDD\u5B89\u5168\u7684\u524D\u63D0\u4E0B\u5FAA\u73AF\u5229\u7528\u3002\n

\n

\n\t\u2014\u2014\u4F18\u5316\u725B\u7F8A\u9972\u6599\u7ED3\u6784\u3002\u63A8\u8FDB\u5B9E\u65BD\u7CAE\u6539\u9972\uFF0C\u9F13\u52B1\u725B\u7F8A\u517B\u6B96\u573A\uFF08\u6237\uFF09\u6536\u50A8\u4F7F\u7528\u9752\u8D2E\u7389\u7C73\u3001\u82DC\u84FF\u7B49\u4F18\u8D28\u9972\u8349\uFF0C\u63A8\u52A8\u7389\u7C73\u7B49\u519C\u4F5C\u7269\u5168\u682A\u9AD8\u6548\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u4FC3\u8FDB\u725B\u7F8A\u517B\u6B96\u7CBE\u9972\u6599\u6D88\u8017\u51CF\u91CF1000\u4E07\u5428\uFF0C\u5176\u4E2D\u8C46\u7C95\u51CF\u91CF120\u4E07\u5428\u4EE5\u4E0A\u3002\n

\n

\n\t\n

\n

\n\t\u9972\u7528\u8C46\u7C95\u51CF\u91CF\u66FF\u4EE3\u6F5C\u529B\u5DE8\u5927\n

\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u672A\u6765\u9972\u7528\u8C46\u7C95\u7684\u51CF\u91CF\u66FF\u4EE3\u6F5C\u529B\u5982\u4F55\uFF1F\n

\n\t\u7B54\uFF1A\u4E13\u5BB6\u6D4B\u7B97\uFF0C\u5982\u679C\u653F\u7B56\u5F97\u529B\u3001\u63AA\u65BD\u5230\u4F4D\uFF0C\u517B\u6B96\u4E1A\u8FD8\u53EF\u5B9E\u73B0\u8C46\u7C95\u51CF\u91CF2300\u4E07\u5428\u4EE5\u4E0A\uFF0C\u6298\u5408\u51CF\u5C11\u5927\u8C46\u9700\u6C42\u8FD13000\u4E07\u5428\uFF0C\u76F8\u5F53\u4E8E2.3\u4EBF\u4EA9\u8015\u5730\u7684\u5927\u8C46\u4EA7\u51FA\u3002\n

\n

\n\t\u4E00\u662F\u63A8\u5E7F\u4F4E\u86CB\u767D\u65E5\u7CAE\u6280\u672F\uFF0C\u8FD8\u67091500\u4E07\u5428\u7684\u51CF\u91CF\u7A7A\u95F4\u3002\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u4F4E\u86CB\u767D\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E3B\u8981\u662F\u6DFB\u52A0\u5DE5\u4E1A\u5408\u6210\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\u8865\u8DB3\u77ED\u677F\uFF0C\u964D\u4F4E\u8C46\u7C95\u7B49\u86CB\u767D\u539F\u6599\u7528\u91CF\u3002\u4EE5\u80B2\u80A5\u732A\u4E3A\u4F8B\uFF0C\u5728\u6DFB\u52A0\u8D56\u6C28\u9178\u7B495\u79CD\u5FC5\u9700\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\u7684\u57FA\u7840\u4E0A\uFF0C\u53EF\u5C06\u5168\u7A0B\u9972\u6599\u86CB\u767D\u6C34\u5E73\u4E0B\u8C03\u81F312%\uFF0C\u5728\u4E0D\u964D\u4F4E\u9972\u517B\u6548\u7387\u7684\u524D\u63D0\u4E0B\uFF0C\u6BCF\u51FA\u680F1\u5934130\u516C\u65A4\u80A5\u732A\u53EF\u8282\u7EA6\u8C46\u7C9525\u516C\u65A4\u5DE6\u53F3\u3002\u5982\u5728\u517B\u6B96\u4E1A\u5168\u9762\u63A8\u5E7F\u5E94\u7528\uFF0C\u53EF\u5C06\u8C46\u7C95\u7528\u91CF\u5360\u6BD4\u964D\u81F312%\uFF0C\u76F8\u5F53\u4E8E\u8282\u7EA61500\u4E07\u5428\u8C46\u7C95\u3002\u5982\u679C\u518D\u589E\u52A0\u4F7F\u7528\u5176\u4ED6\u5FC5\u9700\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\uFF0C\u8C46\u7C95\u9972\u7528\u91CF\u8FD8\u6709\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u4E0B\u8C03\u7684\u7A7A\u95F4\u3002\n

\n

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\n

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\n
\n\t

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\n\u9009\u53D6144\u5934\u751F\u957F\u732A\uFF08\u521D\u59CB\u4F53\u91CD\u4E3A28.2\u00B11.9 kg\uFF09\uFF0C\u91C7\u7528\u5B8C\u5168\u968F\u673A\u533A\u7EC4\u8BBE\u8BA1\uFF0C\u5206\u4E3A9\u4E2A\u5904\u7406\uFF0C\u6BCF\u4E2A\u5904\u74068\u680F\uFF0C\u6BCF\u680F2\u5934\u732A\u3002\u91C7\u75283\uFF083\u4E2A\u6C34\u5E73\u7684\u4EAE\u6C28\u9178\uFF08101%\u3001200%\u6216299%SID Leu:Lys\uFF09\uFF09 \u00D7 3\uFF083\u4E2A\u6C34\u5E73\u7684\u8272\u6C28\u9178\uFF0818%\u300123%\u621628% SID Trp:Lys\uFF09\uFF09\u6790\u56E0\u6CD5\u914D\u52369\u79CD\u8BD5\u9A8C\u65E5\u7CAE\uFF0C\u914D\u5236\u6EE1\u8DB3SID Leu\u548C SID Trp\u9700\u6C42\u7684\u57FA\u7840\u65E5\u7CAE\uFF0C\u5E76\u5728\u57FA\u7840\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0L-Leu\u548C(\u6216)L-Trp\u914D\u5236\u5176\u4ED68\u79CD\u8BD5\u9A8C\u65E5\u7CAE\u3002\u5728\u8BD5\u9A8C\u5F00\u59CB\u548C21 d\u7ED3\u675F\u65F6\u8BB0\u5F55\u732A\u7684\u4F53\u91CD\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u6700\u540E\u4E00\u5929\uFF0C\u6BCF\u4E2A\u732A\u5708\u5BB0\u67401\u5934\u732A\uFF0C\u91C7\u96C6\u8840\u6DB2\u548C\u4E0B\u4E18\u8111\u6837\u672C\uFF0C\u6D4B\u5B9A\u8840\u6D46\u5C3F\u7D20\u6C2E\u3001\u8840\u6D46\u8840\u6E05\u7D20\u548C\u4E0B\u4E18\u8111\u8840\u6E05\u7D20\u6D53\u5EA6\u3002
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\n\u7ED3\u679C\u8868\u660E\uFF0C\u65E5\u7CAETrp\u6C34\u5E73\u7684\u63D0\u9AD8\u589E\u52A0\u4E86\u4E0B\u4E18\u8111\u8840\u6E05\u7D20\u6C34\u5E73\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\uFF0C\u800C\u5E73\u5747\u65E5\u589E\u91CD\uFF08ADG\uFF09\u548C\u5E73\u5747\u65E5\u91C7\u98DF\u91CF\uFF08ADFI\uFF09\u7684\u63D0\u9AD8\u4EC5\u5728Leu\u6C34\u5E73\u8D85\u6807\u65F6\u663E\u8457\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u589E\u52A0\u65E5\u7CAELeu\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86ADG\u3001ADFI\u548C\u4E0B\u4E18\u8111\u8840\u6E05\u7D20\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u4F46\u6DFB\u52A0299% SID Leu:Lys\u65F6\uFF0C\u65E5\u7CAETrp\u5BF9ADG\u548CADFI\u7684\u5F71\u54CD\u5927\u4E8E\u6DFB\u52A0101% SID Leu:Lys\u65F6\uFF08\u4EA4\u4E92\u4F5C\u7528\uFF0CP < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u65E5\u7CAELeu\u5BF9\u8840\u6D46Leu\u6D53\u5EA6\u6709\u6B63\u5411\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0CTrp\u5BF9\u8840\u6D46Leu\u6D53\u5EA6\u6709\u8D1F\u5411\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u4F46\u6DFB\u52A0299% SID Leu:Lys\u5BF9\u8840\u6D46Leu\u6D53\u5EA6\u7684\u8D1F\u5411\u5F71\u54CD\u5927\u4E8E\u6DFB\u52A0101% SID Leu:Lys \u7EC4\uFF08\u4EA4\u4E92\u4F5C\u7528\uFF0CP < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u65E5\u7CAETrp\u548CLeu\u6C34\u5E73\u7684\u63D0\u9AD8\u5BF9\u8840\u6D46Trp\u6D53\u5EA6\u6709\u663E\u8457\u7684\u6B63\u5411\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u4F46Leu\u6C34\u5E73\u5728101% SID Leu:Lys\u65F6\uFF0C\u8840\u6D46Trp\u6D53\u5EA6\u7684\u63D0\u9AD8\u9AD8\u4E8E299% SID Leu:Lys\u65F6\uFF08\u4EA4\u4E92\u4F5C\u7528\uFF0CP < 0.05\uFF09\u3002
\n
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\n
\n
\nEffects of dietary leucine and tryptophan on serotonin metabolism and growth performance of growing pigs 
\nAn experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that increased dietary Trp is needed in high-Leu diets for growing pigs to prevent a drop in plasma serotonin and hypothalamic serotonin concentrations and to maintain growth performance of animals. A total of 144 growing pigs (initial weight: 28.2 \u00B1 1.9 kg) were assigned to 9 treatments in a randomized complete block design with 2 blocks, 2 pigs per pen, and 8 replicate pens per treatment. The 9 diets were formulated in a 3 \u00D7 3 factorial with 3 levels of dietary Leu (101%, 200%, or 299% standardized ileal digestible [SID] Leu:Lys), and 3 levels of dietary Trp (18%, 23%, or 28% SID Trp:Lys). A basal diet that met requirements for SID Leu and SID Trp was formulated and 8 additional diets were formulated by adding crystalline L-Leu and (or) L-Trp to the basal diet. Individual pig weights were recorded at the beginning of the experiment and at the conclusion of the 21-d experiment. On the last day of the experiment, 1 pig per pen was sacrificed, and blood and hypothalamus samples were collected to measure plasma urea N, plasma serotonin, and hypothalamic serotonin concentrations. Results indicated that increasing dietary Trp increased (P < 0.05) hypothalamic serotonin, whereas increases (P < 0.05) in average daily gain (ADG) and average daily feed intake (ADFI) were observed only in pigs fed diets containing excess Leu. Increasing dietary Leu reduced (P < 0.05) ADG, ADFI, and hypothalamic serotonin. However, the increase in ADG and ADFI caused by dietary Trp was greater if 299% SID Leu:Lys was provided than if 101% SID Leu:Lys was provided (interaction, P < 0.05). Plasma Leu concentration was positively affected by dietary Leu and negatively affected by dietary Trp, but the negative effect of Trp was greater if 299% SID Leu:Lys was provided than if 101% SID Leu:Lys was provided (interaction, P < 0.05). Plasma concentration of Trp was positively affected by increased dietary Trp and increased dietary Leu, but the increase in plasma concentration of Trp was greater if Leu level was at 101% SID Leu:Lys ratio than at 299% SID Leu:Lys ratio (interaction, P < 0.05). In conclusion, increased dietary Leu reduced ADG, ADFI, and hypothalamic serotonin concentration, and influenced metabolism of several indispensable amino acids, but Trp supplementation partly overcame the negative effect of excess Leu. This demonstrates the importance of Trp in regulation of hypothalamic serotonin, and therefore, feed intake of pigs.
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A total of 144 growing pigs (initial weight: 28.2 ± 1.9 kg) were assigned to 9 treatments in a randomized complete block design with 2 blocks, 2 pigs per pen, and 8 replicate pens per treatment. The 9 diets were formulated in a 3 × 3 factorial with 3 levels of dietary Leu (101%, 200%, or 299% standardized ileal digestible [SID] Leu:Lys), and 3 levels of dietary Trp (18%, 23%, or 28% SID Trp:Lys). A basal diet that met requirements for SID Leu and SID Trp was formulated and 8 additional diets were formulated by adding crystalline L-Leu and (or) L-Trp to the basal diet. Individual pig weights were recorded at the beginning of the experiment and at the conclusion of the 21-d experiment. On the last day of the experiment, 1 pig per pen was sacrificed, and blood and hypothalamus samples were collected to measure plasma urea N, plasma serotonin, and hypothalamic serotonin concentrations. Results indicated that increasing dietary Trp increased (P < 0.05) hypothalamic serotonin, whereas increases (P < 0.05) in average daily gain (ADG) and average daily feed intake (ADFI) were observed only in pigs fed diets containing excess Leu. Increasing dietary Leu reduced (P < 0.05) ADG, ADFI, and hypothalamic serotonin. However, the increase in ADG and ADFI caused by dietary Trp was greater if 299% SID Leu:Lys was provided than if 101% SID Leu:Lys was provided (interaction, P < 0.05). Plasma Leu concentration was positively affected by dietary Leu and negatively affected by dietary Trp, but the negative effect of Trp was greater if 299% SID Leu:Lys was provided than if 101% SID Leu:Lys was provided (interaction, P < 0.05). Plasma concentration of Trp was positively affected by increased dietary Trp and increased dietary Leu, but the increase in plasma concentration of Trp was greater if Leu level was at 101% SID Leu:Lys ratio than at 299% SID Leu:Lys ratio (interaction, P < 0.05). In conclusion, increased dietary Leu reduced ADG, ADFI, and hypothalamic serotonin concentration, and influenced metabolism of several indispensable amino acids, but Trp supplementation partly overcame the negative effect of excess Leu. This demonstrates the importance of Trp in regulation of hypothalamic serotonin, and therefore, feed intake of pigs.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"379","ClassID":"21","Title":"\u5341\u65E5\u9F84\u7684\u4ED4\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\u600E\u4E48\u529E\uFF1F","SubTitle":"\u5341\u65E5\u9F84\u7684\u4ED4\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\u600E\u4E48\u529E\uFF1F","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"\u4ED4\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\u4E00\u76F4\u662F\u517B\u732A\u4E1A\u5934\u75BC\u7684\u95EE\u9898\uFF0C\u4ED4\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\u4F1A\u5BFC\u81F4\u751F\u957F\u505C\u6EDE\uFF0C\u4E25\u91CD\u7684\u4F1A\u5F15\u8D77\u6B7B\u4EA1\uFF0C\u5982\u679C\u8FD9\u4E2A\u9636\u6BB5\u4ED4\u732A\u53D1\u75C5\uFF0C\u5927\u591A\u662F\u60A3\u6709\u5927\u80A0\u6746\u83CC\u75C5\u3002\u8868\u73B0\u4E3A\u4E00\u5468\u5DE6\u53F3\u5566\u9EC4\u8272\u7CAA\u4FBF\uFF0C10-30\u65E5\u4ED4\u732A\uFF0C\u82E5\u8179\u6CFB\u4F1A\u6392\u51FA\u7070\u767D\u3001\u767D\u8272\u6216\u9EC4\u8272\u6709\u8165\u81ED\u5473\u7684\u7CAA\u4FBF\u3002
\n
\n01\u3001\u4ED4\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\u56E0\u4F55\u800C\u8D77
\n\u90E8\u5206\u5730\u533A\u4E3A\u6F6E\u6E7F\u591A\u96E8\u5730\u5E26\uFF0C\u52A0\u4E0A\u9972\u517B\u73AF\u5883\u5DEE\uFF0C\u9972\u517B\u5BC6\u5EA6\u9AD8\u90FD\u4F1A\u5F15\u8D77\u53D1\u75C5\u3002\u5728\u65B0\u5EFA\u7684\u732A\u573A\uFF0C\u4ED4\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\u7684\u5371\u5BB3\u662F\u5F88\u4E25\u91CD\u7684\u3002
\n
\n02\u3001\u4ED4\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\u5982\u4F55\u9884\u9632
\n> \u52A0\u5F3A\u9972\u517B\u7BA1\u7406\uFF0C\u8C03\u6574\u9002\u5B9C\u73AF\u5883\u6E29\u5EA6\u4E3A20\u201430\u65E5\u9F84\u4E3A22\u2103\u201425\u2103\uFF0C30\u201440\u65E5\u9F84\u4E3A21\u2103\u201422\u2103\uFF0C41\u201460\u65E5\u9F84\u4E3A21\u2103\uFF0C60\u201490\u65E5\u9F84\u4E3A20\u2103\uFF1B
\n> \u6BCD\u732A\u4EA7\u4ED4\u5B8C\u6BD5\u540E\u75280.1%\u9AD8\u9530\u9178\u94BE\u6EB6\u6DB2\u6E05\u6D17\u4E73\u5934\uFF1B
\n> \u5F7B\u5E95\u6D88\u6BD2\u732A\u820D\uFF0C\u4FDD\u6301\u73AF\u5883\u5E72\u71E5\uFF0C\u6E05\u6D01\uFF1B
\n> \u598A\u632F\u6BCD\u732A\u4EA7\u4ED4\u524D40\u5929\u548C15\u5929\u6CE8\u5C04\u4ED4\u732A\u5927\u80A0\u57C3\u5E0C\u5F0F\u83CC\u75C5\u4E09\u4EF7\u706D\u6D3B\u75AB\u82D7\uFF0C\u5373\u53EF\u9884\u9632\u6216\u51CF\u5C11\u4ED4\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\u7684\u53D1\u751F\uFF1B
\n> \u4FDD\u8BC1\u4F9B\u7ED9\u6E05\u6D01\u996E\u6C34\uFF0C\u82E5\u996E\u6C34\u4E0D\u8DB3\u4E0D\u4EC5\u4F1A\u5F71\u54CD\u4ED4\u732A\u6B63\u5E38\u751F\u957F\u53D1\u80B2\u8FD8\u4F1A\u56E0\u996E\u6C61\u6C34\u9020\u6210\u62C9\u75E2\u7B49\u75C5\u3002
\n
\n03\u3001\u4ED4\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\u5982\u4F55\u6CBB\u7597
\n> \u58EE\u89C2\u9709\u7D20\u3001\u5E86\u5927\u9709\u7D20\u3001\u4E73\u9178\u8BFA\u6C1F\u6C99\u661F\u808C\u6CE8\uFF1B
\n> \u5F3A\u529B\u89E3\u6BD2\u6563\u7ED3\u5408\u6C27\u6C1F\u6C99\u661F\u808C\u8089\u6CE8\u5C04\uFF1B
\n> \u585E\u7C73\u677E\u808C\u8089\u6CE8\u5C04\uFF1B
\n> \u4F7F\u7528\u7535\u89E3\u591A\u7EF4\u6216\u53E3\u670D\u6DB2\u76D0\u3002
\n
\n\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u4E1A\u89C6\u89D2/\u7F51\u7EDC\u8D44\u6E90
\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002
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\n
\n\u7ED3\u679C\u8868\u660E\uFF0C1\uFF09\u94C1\u663E\u8457\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u5C0F\u80A0\u957F\u5EA6\u3001\u91CD\u91CF\u3001\u76F8\u5BF9\u91CD\u91CF\u548C\u957F\u91CD\u6BD4\uFF08P < 0.001\uFF09\uFF1B\u53E6\u4E00\u65B9\u9762\uFF0CVA\u5BF9\u5C0F\u80A0\u91CD\u957F\u6BD4\uFF08P = 0.015\uFF09\u548C\u76F8\u5BF9\u91CD\u91CF\uFF08P < 0.001\uFF09\u6709\u663E\u8457\u5F71\u54CD\u30022\uFF09\u80A0\u9053\u5F62\u6001\u65B9\u9762\uFF0C\u8865\u94C1\uFF08P <0.05\uFF09\u5BF9\u80A0\u7ED2\u6BDB\u9AD8\u5EA6\uFF08VH\uFF09\u3001\u9690\u7A9D\u6DF1\u5EA6\uFF08CD\uFF09\u3001\u7ED2\u6BDB\u5BBD\u5EA6\uFF08VW\uFF09\u548C\u8868\u9762\u79EF\u6709\u663E\u8457\u5F71\u54CD\uFF1B\u6B64\u5916\uFF0CVA\u3001VA\u4E0E\u94C1\u7684\u4E92\u4F5C\u5747\u53EF\u589E\u52A0VH\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u548C\u8868\u9762\u79EF\uFF08P = 0.001\uFF09\uFF1B\u94C1\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u9690\u7A9D\u676F\u72B6\u7EC6\u80DE\u3001ki67\u9633\u6027\u7EC6\u80DE\u548C\u5185\u5206\u6CCC\u7EC6\u80DE\u7684\u6570\u91CF\uFF08P < 0.01\uFF09\uFF1BVA\u3001VA\u4E0E\u94C1\u7684\u4E92\u4F5C\u5747\u589E\u52A0\u4E86\u7ED2\u6BDB\u5185\u5185\u5206\u6CCC\u7EC6\u80DE\u6570\u91CF\uFF08P = 0.05\uFF09\u30023\uFF09\u5728\u5E72\u7EC6\u80DE\u5206\u5316\u6807\u8BB0\u57FA\u56E0mRNA\u8868\u8FBE\u6C34\u5E73\u65B9\u9762\uFF0C\u94C1\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u6ECB\u517B\u86CB\u767D2\uFF08Trop2\uFF09\u3001\u5BCC\u4EAE\u6C28\u9178\u91CD\u590D\u5E8F\u5217\u542BG\u86CB\u767D\u5076\u8054\u53D7\u4F535\u9633\u6027\uFF08Lgr5+\uFF09\u3001\u5F02\u81F4\u6B7B\u6548\u5E94\u57FA\u56E01\uFF08Msl1\uFF09\u3001BMI 1\u539F\u764C\u57FA\u56E0\u3001\u591A\u68B3\u73AF\u6307\u57FA\u56E0\uFF08Bmi1\uFF09\u548CAscl2\u57FA\u56E0\u7684\u8868\u8FBE\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u53E6\u4E00\u65B9\u9762\uFF0CVA\u589E\u52A0\u4E86Ascl2\u7684\u8868\u8FBE\uFF08P = 0.001\uFF09\uFF0C\u5C3D\u7BA1VA\u4E0E\u94C1\u7684\u4E92\u4F5C\u5BF9\u5206\u6CCC\u78F7\u86CB\u767D1\uFF08Spp1\uFF09\u548CBmi1\u7684\u8868\u8FBE\u6709\u5F71\u54CD\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u5C3D\u7BA1\u94C1\u3001VA\u548C\u94C1\u7684\u4E92\u4F5C\u5BF9\u8FD9\u4E9B\u57FA\u56E0\u7684\u8868\u8FBE\u65E0\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u4F46VA\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u94C1\u53CD\u5E94\u5143\u4EF6/\u94C1\u8C03\u8282\u86CB\u767D\uFF08IRE/IRP\uFF09\u4FE1\u53F7\u901A\u8DEF\u4E2D\u4E4C\u5934\u9178\u91761\uFF08Aco1\uFF0CP < 0.001\uFF09\u3001\u8F6C\u94C1\u86CB\u767D\u53D7\u4F53\uFF08TFRC\uFF0CP = 0.001\uFF09\u548C\u6EB6\u8D28\u8F7D\u4F53\u5BB6\u65CF11\u6210\u54582\uFF08DMT1\uFF0CP = 0.003\uFF09\u7684mRNA\u8868\u8FBE\u3002
\n
\n\u7531\u6B64\u53EF\u89C1\uFF0CVA\u3001\u94C1\u53CA\u5176\u4E92\u4F5C\u53EF\u4FC3\u8FDB\u4ED4\u732A\u80A0\u9053\u53D1\u80B2\u548C\u4E0A\u76AE\u7EC6\u80DE\u5206\u5316\u3002
\n
\nEffects of iron, vitamin A, and the interaction between the two nutrients on intestinal development and cell differentiation in piglets
\nThis study aimed to investigate the effects of iron, vitamin A (VA) and their interaction on intestinal development and differentiation of cells in suckling piglets. Therefore, 32 Duroc \u00D7 Landrace \u00D7 Yorkshire 0-d-old newborn boars with similar body weights were randomly divided into four groups, with eight replicates in each group and one pig in each replicate. All the piglets were breastfed. In addition, the piglets were given normal saline (CON group) or ferrous sulfate (OAFe group) or VA (VA group) or ferrous sulfate and VA (OAFe + VA group) on the 2nd, 7th, 12th, and 17th day, respectively. The piglets were then slaughtered on the 21st day, and intestinal samples were collected. The results showed that: 1) iron (P < 0.001) significantly increased the length, weight, relative weight, and the length to weight ratio of the small intestine. On the other hand, VA had a significant effect on the weight to length ratio (P = 0.015) and relative weight (P < 0.001) of the small intestine; 2) with regard to intestinal morphology, supplementation with iron (P <0.05) had obvious effects on the villus height (VH), crypt depth (CD), villus width (VW), and surface area. Additionally, both VA and interaction of VA and iron increased the VH (P < 0.05) and surface area (P = 0.001). The results also showed that iron (P < 0.01) increased the number of crypt goblet cells, Ki67-positive cells, and endocrine cells. Moreover, both VA and the interaction between VA and iron increased the number of endocrine cells in the villi (P = 0.05); 3) With regard to the mRNA expression levels of stem cell differentiation marker genes, iron (P < 0.05) decreased the expression of trophinin 2 (Trop2), leucine-rich repeat containing G protein-coupled receptor 5 positive (Lgr5+), male-specific lethal 1(Msl1), BMI 1 proto-oncogene, polycomb ring finger (Bmi1), and achaete-scute family bHLH transcription factor 2 (Ascl2). On the other hand, VA increased the expression of Ascl2 (P = 0.001) although the interaction of VA and iron (P < 0.05) had an effect on the expression of secreted phosphoprotein 1 (Spp1) and Bmi1. In addition, VA decreased the gene or mRNA expression of aconitase 1 (Aco1; P < 0.001), transferrin receptor (TFRC; P = 0.001), and solute carrier family 11 member 2 (DMT1; P = 0.003) in the Iron Reactive Element/Iron Regulatory Protein (IRE/IRP) signaling pathway although iron and the interaction of VA and iron had no effect on the genes\u2019 expression. The results therefore showed that VA, iron, and their interaction can promote intestinal development and epithelial cell differentiation in piglets.
\n
\n\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B
\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002","Author":"","Editor":"","Inputer":"webmaster","Source":"\u5929\u6D25\u745E\u5B5A\u519C\u7267\u79D1\u6280\u96C6\u56E2\u6709\u9650\u516C\u53F8","Image":"","Tags":"","IsTop":"False","Attachment":"","Sort":"367","Views":"1740","Template":"","State":"1","Draft":"False","CHKState":"1","CHKRemark":"","IsDelete":"False","DeleteTime":"2022/5/25 7:40:46","TurnURL":"","Keywords":"","Description":"","Point":"","IsCopy":"False","IsPush":"False","AddTime":"2021/11/19 15:20:52","UpdateTime":"2021/11/19 15:29:20","AllowPreview":"","CreateType":"0","UDelete":"False","UDeleteTime":"2022/5/25 7:40:46","RelativeID":"","linkurl":"/article/378","className":"\u6280\u672F\u524D\u6CBF","target":"_self","summary":"\u672C\u8BD5\u9A8C\u65E8\u5728\u7814\u7A76\u94C1\u3001\u7EF4\u751F\u7D20A\uFF08VA\uFF09\u53CA\u5176\u4E92\u4F5C\u5BF9\u54FA\u4E73\u4ED4\u732A\u80A0\u9053\u53D1\u80B2\u548C\u7EC6\u80DE\u5206\u5316\u7684\u5F71\u54CD\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u9009\u752832\u5934\u4F53\u91CD\u76F8\u8FD1\u76840 d\u65B0\u751F\u4ED4\u732A\uFF0C\u968F\u673A\u5206\u4E3A4\u7EC4\uFF0C\u6BCF\u7EC48\u4E2A\u91CD\u590D\uFF0C\u6BCF\u4E2A\u91CD\u590D1\u5934\u732A\uFF1B\u6240\u6709\u7684\u5C0F\u732A\u90FD\u662F\u6BCD\u4E73\u5582\u517B\u7684\uFF1B\u5728\u6B64\u57FA\u7840\u4E0A\uFF0C\u5206\u522B\u4E8E\u7B2C2\u30017\u300112\u300117 d\u7ED9\u4E88\u4ED4\u732A\u751F\u7406\u76D0\u6C34\uFF08CON\u7EC4\uFF09\u3001\u786B\u9178\u4E9A\u94C1\uFF08OAFe\u7EC4\uFF09\u3001VA\uFF08VA\u7EC4\uFF09\u6216\u786B\u9178\u4E9A\u94C1+ VA\uFF08OAFe + VA\u7EC4\uFF09\uFF1B\u4E8E\u7B2C21\u5929\u5C60\u5BB0\uFF0C\u91C7\u96C6\u4ED4\u732A\u80A0\u9053\u6837\u672C\u3002\u7ED3\u679C\u8868\u660E\uFF0C1\uFF09\u94C1\u663E\u8457\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u5C0F\u80A0\u957F\u5EA6\u3001\u91CD\u91CF\u3001\u76F8\u5BF9\u91CD\u91CF\u548C\u957F\u91CD\u6BD4\uFF08P < 0.001\uFF09\uFF1B\u53E6\u4E00\u65B9\u9762\uFF0CVA\u5BF9\u5C0F\u80A0\u91CD\u957F\u6BD4\uFF08P = 0.015\uFF09\u548C\u76F8\u5BF9\u91CD\u91CF\uFF08P < 0.001\uFF09\u6709\u663E\u8457\u5F71\u54CD\u30022\uFF09\u80A0\u9053\u5F62\u6001\u65B9\u9762\uFF0C\u8865\u94C1\uFF08P <0.05\uFF09\u5BF9\u80A0\u7ED2\u6BDB\u9AD8\u5EA6\uFF08VH\uFF09\u3001\u9690\u7A9D\u6DF1\u5EA6\uFF08CD\uFF09\u3001\u7ED2\u6BDB\u5BBD\u5EA6\uFF08VW\uFF09\u548C\u8868\u9762\u79EF\u6709\u663E\u8457\u5F71\u54CD\uFF1B\u6B64\u5916\uFF0CVA\u3001VA\u4E0E\u94C1\u7684\u4E92\u4F5C\u5747\u53EF\u589E\u52A0VH\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u548C\u8868\u9762\u79EF\uFF08P = 0.001\uFF09\uFF1B\u94C1\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u9690\u7A9D\u676F\u72B6\u7EC6\u80DE\u3001ki67\u9633\u6027\u7EC6\u80DE\u548C\u5185\u5206\u6CCC\u7EC6\u80DE\u7684\u6570\u91CF\uFF08P < 0.01\uFF09\uFF1BVA\u3001VA\u4E0E\u94C1\u7684\u4E92\u4F5C\u5747\u589E\u52A0\u4E86\u7ED2\u6BDB\u5185\u5185\u5206\u6CCC\u7EC6\u80DE\u6570\u91CF\uFF08P = 0.05\uFF09\u30023\uFF09\u5728\u5E72\u7EC6\u80DE\u5206\u5316\u6807\u8BB0\u57FA\u56E0mRNA\u8868\u8FBE\u6C34\u5E73\u65B9\u9762\uFF0C\u94C1\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u6ECB\u517B\u86CB\u767D2\uFF08Trop2\uFF09\u3001\u5BCC\u4EAE\u6C28\u9178\u91CD\u590D\u5E8F\u5217\u542BG\u86CB\u767D\u5076\u8054\u53D7\u4F535\u9633\u6027\uFF08Lgr5+\uFF09\u3001\u5F02\u81F4\u6B7B\u6548\u5E94\u57FA\u56E01\uFF08Msl1\uFF09\u3001BMI 1\u539F\u764C\u57FA\u56E0\u3001\u591A\u68B3\u73AF\u6307\u57FA\u56E0\uFF08Bmi1\uFF09\u548CAscl2\u57FA\u56E0\u7684\u8868\u8FBE\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u53E6\u4E00\u65B9\u9762\uFF0CVA\u589E\u52A0\u4E86Ascl2\u7684\u8868\u8FBE\uFF08P = 0.001\uFF09\uFF0C\u5C3D\u7BA1VA\u4E0E\u94C1\u7684\u4E92\u4F5C\u5BF9\u5206\u6CCC\u78F7\u86CB\u767D1\uFF08Spp1\uFF09\u548CBmi1\u7684\u8868\u8FBE\u6709\u5F71\u54CD\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u5C3D\u7BA1\u94C1\u3001VA\u548C\u94C1\u7684\u4E92\u4F5C\u5BF9\u8FD9\u4E9B\u57FA\u56E0\u7684\u8868\u8FBE\u65E0\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u4F46VA\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u94C1\u53CD\u5E94\u5143\u4EF6/\u94C1\u8C03\u8282\u86CB\u767D\uFF08IRE/IRP\uFF09\u4FE1\u53F7\u901A\u8DEF\u4E2D\u4E4C\u5934\u9178\u91761\uFF08Aco1\uFF0CP < 0.001\uFF09\u3001\u8F6C\u94C1\u86CB\u767D\u53D7\u4F53\uFF08TFRC\uFF0CP = 0.001\uFF09\u548C\u6EB6\u8D28\u8F7D\u4F53\u5BB6\u65CF11\u6210\u54582\uFF08DMT1\uFF0CP = 0.003\uFF09\u7684mRNA\u8868\u8FBE\u3002\u7531\u6B64\u53EF\u89C1\uFF0CVA\u3001\u94C1\u53CA\u5176\u4E92\u4F5C\u53EF\u4FC3\u8FDB\u4ED4\u732A\u80A0\u9053\u53D1\u80B2\u548C\u4E0A\u76AE\u7EC6\u80DE\u5206\u5316\u3002Effects of iron, vitamin A, and the interaction between the two nutrients on intestinal development and cell differentiation in piglets\nThis study aimed to investigate the effects of iron, vitamin A (VA) and their interaction on intestinal development and differentiation of cells in suckling piglets. Therefore, 32 Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire 0-d-old newborn boars with similar body weights were randomly divided into four groups, with eight replicates in each group and one pig in each replicate. All the piglets were breastfed. In addition, the piglets were given normal saline (CON group) or ferrous sulfate (OAFe group) or VA (VA group) or ferrous sulfate and VA (OAFe + VA group) on the 2nd, 7th, 12th, and 17th day, respectively. The piglets were then slaughtered on the 21st day, and intestinal samples were collected. The results showed that: 1) iron (P < 0.001) significantly increased the length, weight, relative weight, and the length to weight ratio of the small intestine. On the other hand, VA had a significant effect on the weight to length ratio (P = 0.015) and relative weight (P < 0.001) of the small intestine; 2) with regard to intestinal morphology, supplementation with iron (P <0.05) had obvious effects on the villus height (VH), crypt depth (CD), villus width (VW), and surface area. Additionally, both VA and interaction of VA and iron increased the VH (P < 0.05) and surface area (P = 0.001). The results also showed that iron (P < 0.01) increased the number of crypt goblet cells, Ki67-positive cells, and endocrine cells. Moreover, both VA and the interaction between VA and iron increased the number of endocrine cells in the villi (P = 0.05); 3) With regard to the mRNA expression levels of stem cell differentiation marker genes, iron (P < 0.05) decreased the expression of trophinin 2 (Trop2), leucine-rich repeat containing G protein-coupled receptor 5 positive (Lgr5+), male-specific lethal 1(Msl1), BMI 1 proto-oncogene, polycomb ring finger (Bmi1), and achaete-scute family bHLH transcription factor 2 (Ascl2). On the other hand, VA increased the expression of Ascl2 (P = 0.001) although the interaction of VA and iron (P < 0.05) had an effect on the expression of secreted phosphoprotein 1 (Spp1) and Bmi1. In addition, VA decreased the gene or mRNA expression of aconitase 1 (Aco1; P < 0.001), transferrin receptor (TFRC; P = 0.001), and solute carrier family 11 member 2 (DMT1; P = 0.003) in the Iron Reactive Element/Iron Regulatory Protein (IRE/IRP) signaling pathway although iron and the interaction of VA and iron had no effect on the genes\u2019 expression. The results therefore showed that VA, iron, and their interaction can promote intestinal development and epithelial cell differentiation in piglets.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"377","ClassID":"15","Title":"10\u6708\u4EFD\u4EE5\u6765\u751F\u732A\u4EF7\u683C\u6DA8\u8FD1\u516D\u6210 \u5206\u6790\u4EBA\u58EB\u9884\u8BA1\u6DA8\u52BF\u6216\u6301\u7EED\u81F3\u6625\u8282\u524D\u540E","SubTitle":"10\u6708\u4EFD\u4EE5\u6765\u751F\u732A\u4EF7\u683C\u6DA8\u8FD1\u516D\u6210 \u5206\u6790\u4EBA\u58EB\u9884\u8BA1\u6DA8\u52BF\u6216\u6301\u7EED\u81F3\u6625\u8282\u524D\u540E","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"\u6839\u636E\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u53D1\u5E03\u7684\u6700\u65B0\u6570\u636E\uFF0C11\u6708\u4EFD\u7B2C\u4E8C\u5468\u5168\u56FD\u732A\u8089\u4EF7\u683C\u4E3A\u6BCF\u516C\u65A427.18\u5143\uFF0C\u8FDE\u7EED\u56DB\u5468\u4E0A\u6DA8\uFF0C\u8FD9\u4E5F\u662F\u81EA\u6625\u8282\u4EE5\u540E\u732A\u8089\u4EF7\u683C\u5728\u8FDE\u7EED\u5927\u5E45\u4E0B\u964D\u4E4B\u540E\uFF0C\u51FA\u73B0\u7684\u4E00\u6B21\u660E\u663E\u56DE\u5347\uFF0C\u672C\u6B21\u4E0A\u6DA8\u7684\u539F\u56E0\u6709\u54EA\u4E9B?\u732A\u8089\u7684\u4F9B\u5E94\u51CF\u5C11\u4E86\u5417?
\n
\n\u5168\u56FD\u732A\u8089\u4EF7\u683C\u4F4E\u4F4D\u56DE\u5347 \u8FDE\u7EED\u4E0A\u6DA8\u56DB\u5468
\n\u5317\u4EAC\u660C\u5E73\u533A\u7684\u4E00\u5BB6\u732A\u8089\u4E13\u5356\u5E97\uFF0C\u9500\u552E\u4EBA\u5458\u544A\u8BC9\u8BB0\u8005\uFF0C\u732A\u8089\u4EF7\u683C\u81EA\u4ECA\u5E74\u6625\u8282\u4EE5\u540E\u523010\u6708\u7B2C\u4E00\u5468\u7D2F\u8BA1\u4E0B\u964D\u56DB\u6210\u4EE5\u4E0A\uFF0C10\u6708\u521D\u732A\u8089\u4EF7\u683C\u66F4\u662F\u521B\u4E0B\u4E862019\u5E74\u4EE5\u6765\u7684\u6700\u4F4E\u70B9\u3002\u5728\u4F4E\u4EF7\u732A\u8089\u7684\u523A\u6FC0\u4E0B\uFF0C10\u6708\u4E2D\u65EC\u4EE5\u540E\u5E02\u573A\u814C\u814A\u8089\u3001\u5236\u54C1\u3001\u50A8\u5B58\u7B49\u9700\u6C42\u660E\u663E\u589E\u52A0\uFF0C\u9500\u552E\u91CF\u73AF\u6BD4\u4E0A\u6708\u589E\u52A0\u4E09\u6210\u3002
\n\u5317\u4EAC\u67D0\u732A\u8089\u4E13\u5356\u5E97\u9500\u552E\u4EBA\u5458 \u674E\u82D7\uFF1A\u51AC\u5B63\u662F\u732A\u8089\u7684\u9500\u552E\u65FA\u5B63\uFF0C\u814C\u814A\u8089\u548C\u704C\u80A0\u7684\u4EBA\u6BD4\u8F83\u591A\uFF0C\u73B0\u5728\u6211\u4EEC\u6BCF\u5929\u7684\u9500\u91CF\u8FBE\u5230\u4E00\u5428\u591A\uFF0C\u4EF7\u683C\u4E00\u65A4\u6DA8\u4E86\u4E24\u5230\u4E09\u5143\u3002
\n\u8BB0\u8005\u5728\u91C7\u8BBF\u65F6\u4E86\u89E3\u5230\uFF0C\u8FD9\u4E00\u8F6E\u732A\u8089\u4EF7\u683C\u51FA\u73B0\u4F4E\u4F4D\u56DE\u5347\uFF0C\u6D88\u8D39\u62C9\u52A8\u662F\u4E3B\u8981\u539F\u56E0\uFF0C\u732A\u8089\u4F9B\u5E94\u91CF\u5E76\u6CA1\u6709\u51CF\u5C11\u3002
\n\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u755C\u7267\u517D\u533B\u5C40\u526F\u5C40\u957F \u8F9B\u56FD\u660C\uFF1A10\u6708\u4EFD\u5168\u56FD\u89C4\u6A21\u5C60\u5BB0\u4F01\u4E1A\u751F\u732A\u5C60\u5BB0\u91CF\u5DF2\u7ECF\u8FBE\u52303023\u4E07\u5934\uFF0C\u540C\u6BD4\u589E\u5E45\u8FBE111%\uFF0C\u6BD49\u6708\u4EFD\u591A\u4E86514\u4E07\u5934\u3002\u5728\u4F9B\u5E94\u589E\u52A0\u5E45\u5EA6\u8FD9\u4E48\u5927\u7684\u60C5\u51B5\u4E0B\u4EF7\u683C\u4E0A\u6DA8\uFF0C\u8BF4\u660E\u6D88\u8D39\u62C9\u52A8\u8D77\u4E86\u4E3B\u8981\u4F5C\u7528\u3002
\n\u636E\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u5BF9\u5168\u56FD500\u4E2A\u96C6\u8D38\u5E02\u573A\u76D1\u6D4B\uFF0C2021\u5E7411\u6708\u7B2C\u4E8C\u5468\u5168\u56FD\u732A\u8089\u4EF7\u683C\u4E3A\u6BCF\u516C\u65A427.18\u5143\uFF0C\u8FDE\u7EED\u4E0A\u6DA84\u5468\uFF0C\u6DA8\u5E4529%\u3002
\n\u732A\u8089\u4EF7\u683C\u56DE\u5347\uFF0C\u517B\u6B96\u6237\u73B0\u5728\u517B\u732A\u662F\u76C8\u5229\u8FD8\u662F\u4E8F\u635F\u5462?
\n\u5728\u6CB3\u5357\u5357\u9633\u5E02\u9547\u5E73\u53BF\u7684\u4E00\u5BB6\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u573A\uFF0C\u751F\u732A\u6B63\u9646\u7EED\u51FA\u680F\uFF0C\u8D1F\u8D23\u4EBA\u4ECB\u7ECD\u8BF4\uFF0C\u56FD\u5E86\u8282\u540E\u81F3\u4ECA\u751F\u732A\u4EF7\u683C\u5DF2\u7ECF\u8FDE\u7EED5\u5468\u4E0A\u6DA8\uFF0C\u76EE\u524D\u5E73\u5747\u51FA\u680F\u4EF7\u683C\u4E3A\u6BCF\u516C\u65A417\u5143\u5DE6\u53F3\uFF0C\u7D2F\u8BA1\u4E0A\u6DA85\u5143\u4EE5\u4E0A\uFF0C\u5DF2\u7ECF\u7565\u9AD8\u4E8E\u6210\u672C\u7EBF\uFF0C\u91CD\u65B0\u56DE\u5230\u76C8\u5229\u533A\u95F4\u3002
\n\u6CB3\u5357\u7701\u5357\u9633\u5E02\u9547\u5E73\u53BF\u67D0\u751F\u732A\u517B\u6B96\u4F01\u4E1A\u603B\u7ECF\u7406\u6E29\u5F66\u521A\u89E3\u91CA\uFF0C\u867D\u7136\u63A5\u4E0B\u6765\u7684\u4E24\u4E2A\u6708\u662F\u4F20\u7EDF\u6D88\u8D39\u65FA\u5B63\uFF0C\u4F46\u662F\u7531\u4E8E\u524D\u4E24\u5E74\u589E\u517B\u6269\u4EA7\u89C4\u6A21\u8F83\u5927\uFF0C\u751F\u732A\u4EA7\u80FD\u51FA\u73B0\u7684\u9636\u6BB5\u6027\u8FC7\u5269\u4E0D\u5927\u53EF\u80FD\u5728\u77ED\u65F6\u95F4\u5185\u6539\u5584\uFF0C\u56E0\u6B64\u4ED6\u4E5F\u8868\u8FBE\u4E86\u8C28\u614E\u7684\u4E50\u89C2\u3002
\n\u636E\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u76D1\u6D4B\uFF0C\u4ECA\u5E741-10\u6708\u4EFD\uFF0C\u751F\u732A\u517B\u6B96\u524D5\u4E2A\u6708\u76C8\u5229\uFF0C\u540E5\u4E2A\u6708\u4E8F\u635F\uFF0C\u4F46\u4E0A\u534A\u5E74\u732A\u4EF7\u8F83\u9AD8\uFF0C\u7B97\u603B\u8D26\u6BCF\u5934\u51FA\u680F\u751F\u732A\u5E73\u5747\u76C8\u5229644\u5143\uFF0C\u9AD8\u4E8E\u6B63\u5E38\u5E74\u4EFD200\u5143\u5DE6\u53F3\u7684\u5E73\u5747\u76C8\u5229\u3002
\n
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\n\u738B\u6D2A\u71D5\u8463\u4E8B\u957F\u7AD9\u5728\u4F01\u4E1A\u7ECF\u8425\u8005\u548C\u5BA2\u6237\u4EF7\u503C\u7684\u89D2\u5EA6\uFF0C\u63D0\u793A\u5F53\u5E02\u573A\u884C\u60C5\u53D1\u751F\u53D8\u5316\u65F6\uFF0C\u652F\u6491\u4F01\u4E1A\u7ECF\u8425\u76EE\u6807\u5B9E\u73B0\u7684\u4E8C\u7EA7\u6307\u6807\u5B58\u5728\u53D8\u5316\u3002
\n\u201C\u6BD4\u5982\u964D\u672C\u8FD8\u662F\u589E\u6548\uFF1F\u4E24\u4E2A\u76EE\u6807\u4F1A\u56E0\u732A\u4EF7\u884C\u60C5\u4E0D\u540C\uFF0C\u91CD\u8981\u6027\u6B21\u5E8F\u4E0D\u540C\u3002\u56E0\u800C\u6280\u672F\u5C42\u9762\u7684\u8425\u517B\u6C34\u5E73\u8BBE\u8BA1\u548C\u9972\u6599\u539F\u6599\u4EF7\u503C\u6316\u6398\u7684\u65B9\u5411\u548C\u89D2\u5EA6\u4E5F\u4F1A\u53D8\u5316\u3002\u5E94\u8BE5\u8DF3\u51FA\u6280\u672F\u672C\u4F4D\uFF0C\u7AD9\u5728\u4F01\u4E1A\u7ECF\u8425\u51B3\u7B56\u548C\u5BA2\u6237\u7AEF\u5E94\u7528\u573A\u666F\u5C42\uFF0C\u5B9E\u73B0\u76EE\u6807\u4E0E\u6280\u672F\u7684\u5BF9\u63A5\uFF0C\u521B\u9020\u66F4\u5927\u7684\u4EF7\u503C\u3002\u201D
\n\u540C\u65F6\uFF0C\u738B\u6D2A\u71D5\u8463\u4E8B\u957F\u5728\u6F14\u8BB2\u4E2D\u5206\u4EAB\u4E86\u745E\u5B5A\u5728\u8C46\u7C95\u4E0E\u53D1\u9175\u8C46\u7C95\u8BC4\u4EF7\u548C\u5E94\u7528\u4E2D\u7684\u4F53\u4F1A\u548C\u7ECF\u9A8C\u3002
\n
\n\t
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\n
\n\u8BD5\u9A8C1\u9009\u75286\u5934\u56DE\u80A0\u7618\u7BA1\u516C\u732A\uFF0831 kg\uFF09\uFF0C\u57285 \u00D7 6\u9976\u4E01\u65B9\u8BBE\u8BA1\u4E2D\u9972\u55825\u79CD\u65E5\u7CAE\uFF0C\u6BCF\u4E2A\u65E5\u7CAE6\u4E2A\u91CD\u590D\u3002\u65E5\u7CAE\u4EE5\u7389\u7C73\u6DC0\u7C89\u4E3A\u57FA\u7840\uFF0C\u5305\u542BSBM\u3001NCM\u3001JCM\u3001\u8C4C\u8C46\u6216WM\uFF1BSBM\u662F\u4F5C\u4E3A\u53C2\u8003\u7684\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C2\u9009\u75286\u5934\u56DE\u80A0\u7618\u7BA1\u516C\u732A\uFF0870 kg\uFF09\u9972\u5582\u65E0\u6C2E\u9972\u7CAE\uFF0C\u91C7\u7528\u5DEE\u5F02\u6CD5\u6D4B\u5B9A\u8BD5\u9A8C1\u4E2D\u8BD5\u9A8C\u9972\u6599\u7684\u80FD\u91CF\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u548CNE\u503C\u3002\u5229\u7528\u53EF\u6D88\u5316\u80FD\uFF08DE\uFF09\u8BA1\u7B97\u4E86\u8BD5\u9A8C\u9972\u6599\u7684NE\u503C\uFF0C\u5E76\u5206\u6790\u4E86\u8BD5\u9A8C\u9972\u6599\u7684\u5927\u91CF\u8425\u517B\u7D20\u542B\u91CF\u3002
\n
\n\u8BD5\u9A8C\u6570\u636E\u663E\u793A\uFF0C\u5E72\u7269\u8D28\u6C34\u5E73\u4E0A\uFF0CSBM\u3001NCM\u3001JCM\u3001\u8C4C\u8C46\u548CWM\u5206\u522B\u542B\u6709\uFF1A51%\u300141%\u300142%\u300128%\u548C18%\u7684\u7C97\u86CB\u767D\u8D28\uFF1B1.52%\u30012.95%\u30012.36%\u30011.33%\u30013.12%\u7684\u4E59\u919A\u63D0\u53D6\u7269\uFF1B 2.93%\u30010.14%\u30011.44%\u300136.7%\u300128.7%\u7684\u6DC0\u7C89\uFF1B5.30%\u300121.0%\u300113.4%\u30019.49%\u548C16.1%\u7684\u9178\u6027\u6D17\u6DA4\u7EA4\u7EF4\u3002SBM\u7684NE\u6D4B\u5B9A\u503C\uFF082.29 Mcal/kg\uFF09\u4E0ENCM\uFF081.72 Mcal/kg DM\uFF09\u6216JCM\uFF082.14 Mcal/kg DM\uFF09\u6CA1\u6709\u663E\u8457\u5DEE\u5F02\u3002NCM\u548CJCM\u5728NE\u503C\u4E0A\u6CA1\u6709\u5DEE\u5F02\u3002\u8C4C\u8C46\uFF082.00 Mcal/kg\uFF09\u548CWM\uFF082.55 Mcal/kg\uFF09\u7684NE\u6D4B\u5B9A\u503C\u65E0\u663E\u8457\u5DEE\u5F02\u3002\u76F8\u540C\u9972\u6599\u7684NE\u8BA1\u7B97\u503C\uFF1ASBM \u7684\uFF082.18 Mcal/kg DM\uFF09\u3001NCM \uFF081.73 Mcal/kg DM\uFF09\u548CJCM \uFF081.86 Mcal/kg DM\uFF09\u4E4B\u95F4\u65E0\u663E\u8457\u5DEE\u5F02\u3002\u4F46\u662F\uFF0C\u8C4C\u8C46\u7684NE\u8BA1\u7B97\u503C\uFF082.51 Mcal/kg DM\uFF09\u9AD8\u4E8E\u5176\u6D4B\u5B9A\u503C\uFF08P = 0.004\uFF09\uFF0CWM\u7684NE\u8BA1\u7B97\u503C\uFF082.27 Mcal/kg DM\uFF09\u4E0E\u6D4B\u5B9A\u503C\u6BD4\u8F83\u6709\u964D\u4F4E\u7684\u8D8B\u52BF\uFF08P = 0.054\uFF09\u3002
\n
\n\u7EFC\u4E0A\u6240\u8FF0\uFF0C\u57FA\u4E8E\u540C\u4E00\u9972\u6599\u7684DE\u503C\u548C\u5927\u91CF\u8425\u517B\u6210\u5206\uFF0C\u53EF\u4EE5\u9884\u6D4B\u8C46\u7C95\u548C\u83DC\u7C7D\u7C95\u7684NE\u503C\uFF1B\u7136\u800C\uFF0C\u4E0D\u80FD\u51C6\u786E\u9884\u6D4B\u8C4C\u8C46\u548CWM\u7684NE\u503C\u3002
\n
\n
\nNet energy value of canola meal, field pea, and wheat millrun fed to growing-finishing pigs
\nTwo experiments were conducted to (1) determine net energy (NE) values of soybean meal (SBM), Napus canola meal (NCM), Juncea canola meal (JCM), field pea, and wheat millrun (WM) using indirect calorimetry, and (2) compare the determined NE values with the calculated NE values of the same feedstuffs based on a prediction equation. In experiment 1, six ileal-cannulated barrows (31 kg) were fed five diets in 5 \u00D7 6 Youden square to give six replicates per diet. Diets were cornstarch-based diets containing SBM, NCM, JCM, field pea, or WM. The SBM was included as a reference. In experiment 2, six ileal-cannulated barrows (70 kg) were fed a N-free diet for determining energy digestibility and NE values of test feedstuffs fed in experiment 1 by difference method. The NE values of test feedstuffs were also calculated from the digestible energy (DE) values and analyzed macronutrient content of the test feedstuffs. On dry matter (DM) basis, SBM, NCM, JCM, field pea, and WM contained 51%, 41%, 42%, 28%, and 18% crude protein; 1.52%, 2.95%, 2.36%, 1.33%, and 3.12% ether extract; 2.93%, 0.14%, 1.44%, 36.7%, and 28.7% starch; and 5.30%, 21.0%, 13.4%, 9.49%, and 16.1% acid detergent fiber, respectively. The determined NE value for SBM (2.29 Mcal/kg) did not differ from that of NCM (1.72 Mcal/kg DM) or JCM (2.14 Mcal/kg DM). The NCM and JCM did not differ in NE value. Also, the determined NE value did not differ between field pea (2.00 Mcal/kg) and WM (2.55 Mcal/kg). The calculated NE values for SBM (2.18 Mcal/kg DM), NCM (1.73 Mcal/kg DM), and JCM (1.86 Mcal/kg DM) did not differ from the corresponding determined NE values of the same feedstuffs. However, the calculated NE value for field pea (2.51 Mcal/kg DM) was greater (P = 0.004) than the determined NE value of field pea, whereas the calculated NE value for WM (2.27 Mcal/kg DM) tended to be lower (P = 0.054) than the determined NE value of WM. In conclusion, the NE value for SBM and canola meals can be predicted based on the DE value and the macronutrient composition of the same feedstuffs. However, the NE value for field pea and WM may not be predicted precisely based on the DE value and the macronutrient composition of the same feedstuffs.
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In experiment 1, six ileal-cannulated barrows (31 kg) were fed five diets in 5 × 6 Youden square to give six replicates per diet. Diets were cornstarch-based diets containing SBM, NCM, JCM, field pea, or WM. The SBM was included as a reference. In experiment 2, six ileal-cannulated barrows (70 kg) were fed a N-free diet for determining energy digestibility and NE values of test feedstuffs fed in experiment 1 by difference method. The NE values of test feedstuffs were also calculated from the digestible energy (DE) values and analyzed macronutrient content of the test feedstuffs. On dry matter (DM) basis, SBM, NCM, JCM, field pea, and WM contained 51%, 41%, 42%, 28%, and 18% crude protein; 1.52%, 2.95%, 2.36%, 1.33%, and 3.12% ether extract; 2.93%, 0.14%, 1.44%, 36.7%, and 28.7% starch; and 5.30%, 21.0%, 13.4%, 9.49%, and 16.1% acid detergent fiber, respectively. The determined NE value for SBM (2.29 Mcal/kg) did not differ from that of NCM (1.72 Mcal/kg DM) or JCM (2.14 Mcal/kg DM). The NCM and JCM did not differ in NE value. Also, the determined NE value did not differ between field pea (2.00 Mcal/kg) and WM (2.55 Mcal/kg). The calculated NE values for SBM (2.18 Mcal/kg DM), NCM (1.73 Mcal/kg DM), and JCM (1.86 Mcal/kg DM) did not differ from the corresponding determined NE values of the same feedstuffs. However, the calculated NE value for field pea (2.51 Mcal/kg DM) was greater (P = 0.004) than the determined NE value of field pea, whereas the calculated NE value for WM (2.27 Mcal/kg DM) tended to be lower (P = 0.054) than the determined NE value of WM. In conclusion, the NE value for SBM and canola meals can be predicted based on the DE value and the macronutrient composition of the same feedstuffs. However, the NE value for field pea and WM may not be predicted precisely based on the DE value and the macronutrient composition of the same feedstuffs.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"373","ClassID":"21","Title":"\u517B\u732A\u4EBA\u5FC5\u77E5\u7684\uFF0C\u732A\u65AD\u5976\u201C\u516B\u4E0D\u505A\u201D\u539F\u5219","SubTitle":"\u517B\u732A\u4EBA\u5FC5\u77E5\u7684\uFF0C\u732A\u65AD\u5976\u201C\u516B\u4E0D\u505A\u201D\u539F\u5219","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"1\u3001\u4E0D\u6362\u5708
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\n\u8BA9\u540C\u7A9D\u4ED4\u732A\u5728\u4E00\u8D77\u751F\u6D3B\uFF0C\u5C3D\u91CF\u4E0D\u4E0E\u5176\u4ED6\u4ED4\u732A\u6DF7\u7FA4\uFF0C\u4EE5\u514D\u53D1\u751F\u54AC\u67B6\u548C\u6DF7\u7FA4\u5E94\u6FC0\u73B0\u8C61\u3002
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\n6\u3001\u4E0D\u624E\u5806
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\n7\u3001\u4E0D\u52A0\u6599
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\n8\u3001\u4E0D\u9A6C\u864E
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\nEvaluation of sow thermal preference across three stages of reproduction
\nThe metabolic heat production of modern pigs has increased by an average of 16%, compared with sows of 30 years ago. Therefore, it is likely that temperature recommendations require updating to meet the needs of modern pigs. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether different reproductive stages of sows altered thermal preference and if current recommendations required updating. Twenty multiparous sows (3.4 \u00B1 1.2 parity) in different reproductive stages (nonpregnant: n = 7; mid-gestation: 58.5 \u00B1 5.68 d, n = 6; and late-gestation: 104.7 \u00B1 2.8 d, n = 7) were tested. Thermal preference was individually tested, and sows could freely choose a temperature, using a thermal gradient between 10.4 and 30.5 \u00B0C. Sows were given 24 h to acclimate to the thermal apparatus. Before testing began, sows were given daily feed allotment and returned to the apparatus. Video from the 24-h test period was used to record sow behavior (time spent inactive), posture (upright and sternal and lateral lying), and location using instantaneous scan samples every 15 min. Data were analyzed using PROC MIXED procedure in SAS 9.4. A cubic regression model was used to calculate the sow\u2019s most preferred temperature based on the location, or temperature, in which they spent the most time. The preference range was calculated using peak temperature preference \u00B1SE for each sow. The reproductive stage altered where sows spent their time within the thermal gradient (P < 0.01). Late-gestation sows preferred cooler temperatures (14.0 \u00B0C) than mid-gestation (14.8 \u00B0C; P < 0.01) and nonpregnant sows (14.8 \u00B0C; P < 0.01). In summary, sow thermal preferences were within the lower half of the current recommended range (10 to 25 \u00B0C). This indicates that temperatures at the higher end of the recommended range could be uncomfortable to sows and that the thermal comfort zone of sows may be narrower than recommendations indicate.
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Therefore, it is likely that temperature recommendations require updating to meet the needs of modern pigs. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether different reproductive stages of sows altered thermal preference and if current recommendations required updating. Twenty multiparous sows (3.4 ± 1.2 parity) in different reproductive stages (nonpregnant: n = 7; mid-gestation: 58.5 ± 5.68 d, n = 6; and late-gestation: 104.7 ± 2.8 d, n = 7) were tested. Thermal preference was individually tested, and sows could freely choose a temperature, using a thermal gradient between 10.4 and 30.5 °C. Sows were given 24 h to acclimate to the thermal apparatus. Before testing began, sows were given daily feed allotment and returned to the apparatus. Video from the 24-h test period was used to record sow behavior (time spent inactive), posture (upright and sternal and lateral lying), and location using instantaneous scan samples every 15 min. Data were analyzed using PROC MIXED procedure in SAS 9.4. A cubic regression model was used to calculate the sow\u2019s most preferred temperature based on the location, or temperature, in which they spent the most time. The preference range was calculated using peak temperature preference ±SE for each sow. The reproductive stage altered where sows spent their time within the thermal gradient (P < 0.01). Late-gestation sows preferred cooler temperatures (14.0 °C) than mid-gestation (14.8 °C; P < 0.01) and nonpregnant sows (14.8 °C; P < 0.01). In summary, sow thermal preferences were within the lower half of the current recommended range (10 to 25 °C). This indicates that temperatures at the higher end of the recommended range could be uncomfortable to sows and that the thermal comfort zone of sows may be narrower than recommendations indicate.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"369","ClassID":"20","Title":"\u6F4D\u574A\u745E\u5B5A\uFF1A\u7528\u884C\u52A8\u8DF5\u884C\u7F8E\u597D\u4E0E\u4FE1\u4EFB","SubTitle":"\u6F4D\u574A\u745E\u5B5A\uFF1A\u7528\u884C\u52A8\u8DF5\u884C\u7F8E\u597D\u4E0E\u4FE1\u4EFB","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"\u81EA2018\u5E74\u975E\u761F\u7206\u53D1\u4EE5\u6765\uFF0C\u732A\u517B\u6B96\u4E1A\u4E00\u76F4\u5904\u5728\u98CE\u53E3\u6D6A\u5C16\u4E0A\uFF0C\u4E5F\u662F\u81EA\u8FD9\u65F6\u8D77\uFF0C\u6240\u6709\u8FDB\u5382\u8F66\u8F86\u7684\u6D88\u6BD2\u6210\u4E3A\u745E\u5B5A\u7684\u5E38\u6001\u5316\u5DE5\u4F5C\uFF0C\u516C\u53F8\u8981\u6C42\u6240\u6709\u8FDB\u5382\u8F66\u8F86\u7684\u6D88\u6BD2\u6210\u4E3A\u745E\u5B5A\u7684\u5E38\u6001\u5316\u5DE5\u4F5C\u3002\u5BF9\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6765\u8BF4\u6D88\u6BD2\u9632\u75AB\u5DE5\u4F5C\u66F4\u662F\u91CD\u4E2D\u4E4B\u91CD\u8C01\u90FD\u4E0D\u6562\u61C8\u6020\u3002
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\n
\n
\n\t\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u4E2D\u56FD\u65B0\u95FB\u7F51\n
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\n
\n\t
\n
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\nThe influence of xylanase on the fermentability, digestibility, and physicochemical properties of insoluble corn-based fiber along the gastrointestinal tract of growing pigs
\nIn theory, supplementing xylanase in corn-based swine diets should improve nutrient and energy digestibility and fiber fermentability, but its efficacy is inconsistent. The experimental objective was to investigate the impact of xylanase on energy and nutrient digestibility, digesta viscosity, and fermentation when pigs are fed a diet high in insoluble fiber (>20% neutral detergent fiber; NDF) and given a 46-d dietary adaptation period. A total of 3 replicates of 20 growing gilts were blocked by initial body weight, individually housed, and assigned to 1 of 4 dietary treatments: a low-fiber control (LF) with 7.5% NDF, a 30% corn bran high-fiber control (HF; 21.9% NDF), HF + 100 mg xylanase/kg (HF + XY [Econase XT 25P; AB Vista, Marlborough, UK]) providing 16,000 birch xylan units/kg; and HF + 50 mg arabinoxylan-oligosaccharide (AXOS) product/kg (HF + AX [XOS 35A; Shandong Longlive Biotechnology, Shandong, China]) providing AXOS with 3\u20137 degrees of polymerization. Gilts were allowed ad libitum access to fed for 36-d. On d 36, pigs were housed in metabolism crates for a 10-d period, limit fed, and feces were collected. On d 46, pigs were euthanized and ileal, cecal, and colonic digesta were collected. Data were analyzed as a linear mixed model with block and replication as random effects, and treatment as a fixed effect. Compared with LF, HF reduced the apparent ileal digestibility (AID), apparent cecal digestibility (ACED), apparent colonic digestibility (ACOD), and apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of dry matter (DM), gross energy (GE), crude protein (CP), acid detergent fiber (ADF), NDF, and hemicellulose (P < 0.01). Relative to HF, HF + XY improved the AID of GE, CP, and NDF (P < 0.05), and improved the ACED, ACOD, and ATTD of DM, GE, CP, NDF, ADF, and hemicellulose (P < 0.05). Among treatments, pigs fed HF had increased hindgut DM disappearance (P = 0.031). Relative to HF, HF + XY improved cecal disappearance of DM (162 vs. 98 g; P = 0.008) and NDF (44 vs. 13 g; P < 0.01). Pigs fed xylanase had a greater proportion of acetate in cecal digesta and butyrate in colonic digesta among treatments (P < 0.05). Compared with LF, HF increased ileal, cecal, and colonic viscosity, but HF + XY decreased ileal viscosity compared with HF (P < 0.001). In conclusion, increased insoluble corn-based fiber decreases digestibility, reduces cecal fermentation, and increases digesta viscosity, but supplementing xylanase partially mitigated that effect.
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< 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u6240\u6709\u5904\u7406\u7EC4\u4E2D\uFF0C\u9AD8\u7EA4\u7EF4\u65E5\u7CAE\u7EC4\u540E\u80A0\u9053\u5E72\u7269\u8D28\u635F\u5931\u663E\u8457\u63D0\u9AD8\uFF08P=0.031\uFF09\u3002\u6728\u805A\u7CD6\u9176\u7684\u6DFB\u52A0\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u5E72\u7269\u8D28\uFF08162 VS 98g\uFF1BP=0.008\uFF09\u548C\u4E2D\u6027\u6D17\u6DA4\u7EA4\u7EF4\uFF0844 VS 13g\uFF0CP\uFF1C0.01\uFF09\u5728\u76F2\u80A0\u7684\u6D88\u5931\u91CF\u3002\u6728\u805A\u7CD6\u9176\u7684\u6DFB\u52A0\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u76F2\u80A0\u98DF\u7CDC\u4E2D\u4E59\u9178\u7684\u6BD4\u4F8B\u548C\u7ED3\u80A0\u98DF\u7CDC\u4E2D\u4E01\u9178\u7684\u6BD4\u4F8B\uFF08P\uFF1C0.05\uFF09\u3002\u4E0E\u4F4E\u7EA4\u7EF4\u7EC4\u76F8\u6BD4\uFF0C\u9AD8\u7EA4\u7EF4\u7EC4\u56DE\u80A0\u3001\u76F2\u80A0\u548C\u7ED3\u80A0\u98DF\u7CDC\u7C98\u5EA6\u663E\u8457\u63D0\u9AD8\uFF0C\u4F46\u662F\u6DFB\u52A0\u6728\u805A\u7CD6\u9176\u540E\u56DE\u80A0\u98DF\u7CDC\u7C98\u5EA6\u663E\u8457\u4E0B\u964D\uFF08P\uFF1C0.001\uFF09\u3002 \u603B\u4E4B\uFF0C\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E0D\u6EB6\u6027\u7389\u7C73\u7EA4\u7EF4\u542B\u91CF\u7684\u63D0\u9AD8\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u6D88\u5316\u7387\uFF0C\u51CF\u5C11\u4E86\u76F2\u80A0\u53D1\u9175\uFF0C\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u98DF\u7CDC\u7C98\u5EA6\uFF0C\u4F46\u662F\u989D\u5916\u6DFB\u52A0\u6728\u805A\u7CD6\u9176\u53EF\u4EE5\u90E8\u5206\u7F13\u89E3\u8FD9\u79CD\u5F71\u54CD\u3002The influence of xylanase on the fermentability, digestibility, and physicochemical properties of insoluble corn-based fiber along the gastrointestinal tract of growing pigs\nIn theory, supplementing xylanase in corn-based swine diets should improve nutrient and energy digestibility and fiber fermentability, but its efficacy is inconsistent. The experimental objective was to investigate the impact of xylanase on energy and nutrient digestibility, digesta viscosity, and fermentation when pigs are fed a diet high in insoluble fiber (>20% neutral detergent fiber; NDF) and given a 46-d dietary adaptation period. A total of 3 replicates of 20 growing gilts were blocked by initial body weight, individually housed, and assigned to 1 of 4 dietary treatments: a low-fiber control (LF) with 7.5% NDF, a 30% corn bran high-fiber control (HF; 21.9% NDF), HF + 100 mg xylanase/kg (HF + XY [Econase XT 25P; AB Vista, Marlborough, UK]) providing 16,000 birch xylan units/kg; and HF + 50 mg arabinoxylan-oligosaccharide (AXOS) product/kg (HF + AX [XOS 35A; Shandong Longlive Biotechnology, Shandong, China]) providing AXOS with 3\u20137 degrees of polymerization. Gilts were allowed ad libitum access to fed for 36-d. On d 36, pigs were housed in metabolism crates for a 10-d period, limit fed, and feces were collected. On d 46, pigs were euthanized and ileal, cecal, and colonic digesta were collected. Data were analyzed as a linear mixed model with block and replication as random effects, and treatment as a fixed effect. Compared with LF, HF reduced the apparent ileal digestibility (AID), apparent cecal digestibility (ACED), apparent colonic digestibility (ACOD), and apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of dry matter (DM), gross energy (GE), crude protein (CP), acid detergent fiber (ADF), NDF, and hemicellulose (P < 0.01). Relative to HF, HF + XY improved the AID of GE, CP, and NDF (P < 0.05), and improved the ACED, ACOD, and ATTD of DM, GE, CP, NDF, ADF, and hemicellulose (P < 0.05). Among treatments, pigs fed HF had increased hindgut DM disappearance (P = 0.031). Relative to HF, HF + XY improved cecal disappearance of DM (162 vs. 98 g; P = 0.008) and NDF (44 vs. 13 g; P < 0.01). Pigs fed xylanase had a greater proportion of acetate in cecal digesta and butyrate in colonic digesta among treatments (P < 0.05). Compared with LF, HF increased ileal, cecal, and colonic viscosity, but HF + XY decreased ileal viscosity compared with HF (P < 0.001). In conclusion, increased insoluble corn-based fiber decreases digestibility, reduces cecal fermentation, and increases digesta viscosity, but supplementing xylanase partially mitigated that effect.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"365","ClassID":"19","Title":"\u4F4E\u86CB\u767D\u914D\u65B9\u548C\u7C97\u9EA6\u9EB8\u66FF\u4EE3\u6C27\u5316\u950C\u5728\u4FDD\u80B2\u732A\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E2D\u7684\u5E94\u7528","SubTitle":"\u4F4E\u86CB\u767D\u914D\u65B9\u548C\u7C97\u9EA6\u9EB8\u66FF\u4EE3\u6C27\u5316\u950C\u5728\u4FDD\u80B2\u732A\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E2D\u7684\u5E94\u7528","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"       \u5F00\u5C55\u4E24\u4E2A\u8BD5\u9A8C\u7814\u7A76\u4E0D\u540C\u86CB\u767D\u6C34\u5E73\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0\u7C97\u9EA6\u9EB8\u5728\u6709\u65E0\u9AD8\u5242\u91CF\u6C27\u5316\u950C\u60C5\u51B5\u4E0B\u5BF9\u4FDD\u80B2\u732A\u751F\u957F\u6027\u80FD\u548C\u7CAA\u4FBF\u5E72\u7269\u8D28\u7684\u5F71\u54CD\u3002
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\nEffects of feeding diets containing low crude protein and coarse wheat bran as alternatives to zinc oxide in nursery pig diets
\nTwo experiments were conducted to determine the effects of crude protein (CP) level in diets containing coarse wheat bran (CWB) with or without pharmacological levels of Zn (provided by zinc oxide: ZnO) on growth performance and fecal DM of nursery pigs. In experiment 1, 360 barrows (Line 200 \u00D7 400, DNA, Columbus, NE, initially 5.6 kg) were allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments from d 0 to 21 after weaning with 5 pigs per pen and 12 pens per treatment. Treatments included a positive control diet (21% CP) with 3,000 mg/kg Zn in phase 1 and 2,000 mg/kg in phase 2; negative control (21% CP) with 110 mg/kg added Zn, and 4 diets containing 4% CWB and 110 mg/kg added Zn formulated to contain 21%, 19.5%, 18%, or 16.5% CP. The 2 control diets and 21% CP CWB diet contained 1.40% standardized ileal digestible (SID) Lys in phase 1 and 1.35% SID Lys in phase 2, while the 19.5%, 18%, and 16.5% CP diets contained 1.33, 1.25 and 1.20% Lys, respectively, in both phases. Pigs fed the positive control diet containing pharmacological ZnO had increased (P < 0.05) ADG and G:F compared with the negative control and the 21% CP CWB diet. Reducing CP (concurrently with SID Lys) in diets containing CWB decreased ADG and G:F (linear, P = 0.002); however, fecal DM increased (linear, P = 0.005). In experiment 2, two groups of 300 and 350 pigs, initially 7.0 and 6.2 kg, respectively, were used with 5 pigs per pen and 26 pens per treatment. The objective was to determine if adding back essential AA would improve growth performance of pigs fed the low CP diets. All dietary treatments were fed for 13 days, contained 4% CWB, and consisted of: (1) positive control with 2,000 mg/kg of Zn and 21% CP (1.35% SID Lys); (2) no ZnO and 21% CP; and 3 diets with no ZnO formulated to 18% CP and (3) 1.2% SID Lys; (4) 1.35% SID Lys by the addition of feed grade amino acids (AA), and (5) diet 4 with non-essential amino acids (NEAA; Gly and Glu). Pigs fed 21% CP with ZnO had increased (P = 0.001) ADG compared to those fed 18% CP (1.35% SID Lys) with high levels of feed grade amino acids or those fed the reduced SID Lys (1.2%) diet. Overall, G:F was improved (P < 0.001) for pigs fed 21% CP diets and those fed the 18% CP diet with NEAA compared to pigs fed 1.2% SID Lys and pigs fed high levels of feed grade amino acids. Fecal DM was increased for pigs fed the reduced SID Lys diet. In summary, pharmacological levels of Zn improve pig growth performance, but reducing CP (and subsequently SID Lys) decreased nursery pig growth performance.
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In experiment 1, 360 barrows (Line 200 × 400, DNA, Columbus, NE, initially 5.6 kg) were allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments from d 0 to 21 after weaning with 5 pigs per pen and 12 pens per treatment. Treatments included a positive control diet (21% CP) with 3,000 mg/kg Zn in phase 1 and 2,000 mg/kg in phase 2; negative control (21% CP) with 110 mg/kg added Zn, and 4 diets containing 4% CWB and 110 mg/kg added Zn formulated to contain 21%, 19.5%, 18%, or 16.5% CP. The 2 control diets and 21% CP CWB diet contained 1.40% standardized ileal digestible (SID) Lys in phase 1 and 1.35% SID Lys in phase 2, while the 19.5%, 18%, and 16.5% CP diets contained 1.33, 1.25 and 1.20% Lys, respectively, in both phases. Pigs fed the positive control diet containing pharmacological ZnO had increased (P < 0.05) ADG and G:F compared with the negative control and the 21% CP CWB diet. Reducing CP (concurrently with SID Lys) in diets containing CWB decreased ADG and G:F (linear, P = 0.002); however, fecal DM increased (linear, P = 0.005). In experiment 2, two groups of 300 and 350 pigs, initially 7.0 and 6.2 kg, respectively, were used with 5 pigs per pen and 26 pens per treatment. The objective was to determine if adding back essential AA would improve growth performance of pigs fed the low CP diets. All dietary treatments were fed for 13 days, contained 4% CWB, and consisted of: (1) positive control with 2,000 mg/kg of Zn and 21% CP (1.35% SID Lys); (2) no ZnO and 21% CP; and 3 diets with no ZnO formulated to 18% CP and (3) 1.2% SID Lys; (4) 1.35% SID Lys by the addition of feed grade amino acids (AA), and (5) diet 4 with non-essential amino acids (NEAA; Gly and Glu). Pigs fed 21% CP with ZnO had increased (P = 0.001) ADG compared to those fed 18% CP (1.35% SID Lys) with high levels of feed grade amino acids or those fed the reduced SID Lys (1.2%) diet. Overall, G:F was improved (P < 0.001) for pigs fed 21% CP diets and those fed the 18% CP diet with NEAA compared to pigs fed 1.2% SID Lys and pigs fed high levels of feed grade amino acids. Fecal DM was increased for pigs fed the reduced SID Lys diet. In summary, pharmacological levels of Zn improve pig growth performance, but reducing CP (and subsequently SID Lys) decreased nursery pig growth performance.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"364","ClassID":"21","Title":"\u6BCD\u732A\u65AD\u5976\u524D\u8BE5\u4E0D\u8BE5\u51CF\u6599\uFF1F","SubTitle":"\u6BCD\u732A\u65AD\u5976\u524D\u8BE5\u4E0D\u8BE5\u51CF\u6599\uFF1F","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"\u5173\u4E8E\u65AD\u5976\u524D\u540E\u662F\u5426\u9700\u8981\u51CF\u6599\u7684\u95EE\u9898\uFF0C\u53EF\u80FD\u5F88\u591A\u4EBA\u7684\u56DE\u7B54\u662F\u80AF\u5B9A\u7684\u3002\u56E0\u4E3A\u76EE\u524D\u732A\u573A\u666E\u904D\u7684\u505A\u6CD5\u662F\u5728\u65AD\u5976\u524D2d\u5DE6\u53F3\u5F00\u59CB\u51CF\u6599\uFF1B\u5176\u7406\u7531\u662F\u5982\u679C\u4E0D\u51CF\u6599\uFF0C\u6BCD\u732A\u5C06\u7EE7\u7EED\u6CCC\u4E73\uFF0C\u800C\u8FC7\u91CF\u7684\u4E73\u6C41\u52BF\u5FC5\u5728\u4E73\u623F\u817A\u6CE1\u5185\u805A\u96C6\uFF0C\u4ECE\u800C\u9020\u6210\u4E73\u817A\u80BF\u80C0\uFF0C\u5F15\u53D1\u4E73\u623F\u708E\u3002
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\n\u76F8\u53CD\uFF0C\u65AD\u5976\u65F6\u5931\u91CD\u8FC7\u591A\uFF0C\u65AD\u5976\u540E\u65E5\u5582\u6599\u8FC7\u5C11\uFF0C\u4F1A\u5BFC\u81F4\u6BCD\u732A\u53D1\u60C5\u5EF6\u8FDF\u3001\u6392\u5375\u6570\u51CF\u5C11\u3002\u7814\u7A76\u8868\u660E\uFF1A4\u5468\u6CCC\u4E73\u671F\u81EA\u7531\u91C7\u98DF\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\uFF0C\u4F53\u91CD\u548C\u80CC\u8198\u635F\u5931\u5C11\uFF0C\u53D1\u60C5\u95F4\u9694\u77ED\uFF0C\u6392\u5375\u591A\uFF0C\u80DA\u80CE\u6210\u6D3B\u7387\u9AD8\uFF1B\u800C\u5728\u6700\u540E1\u5468\u9650\u9972\u6216\u524D3\u5468\u9650\u9972\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\u4F53\u91CD\u548C\u80CC\u8198\u635F\u5931\u90FD\u589E\u52A0\uFF0C\u53D1\u60C5\u95F4\u9694\u5EF6\u957F\uFF0C\u6392\u5375\u51CF\u5C11\uFF0C\u5C24\u5176\u6700\u540E1\u5468\u9650\u9972\u8FD8\u4F1A\u4F7F\u80DA\u80CE\u6210\u6D3B\u7387\u5927\u51CF\u3002\u56FD\u5185\u80E1\u5BBE\u7B49\u4E5F\u901A\u8FC7\u8BD5\u9A8C\u8868\u660E\uFF1A\u867D\u7136\u65AD\u5976\u524D\u51CF\u6599\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\u65AD\u5976\u540E\u4E73\u623F\u81A8\u80C0\u8F83\u8F7B\uFF0C\u4F46\u662F\u51CF\u6599\u4E0E\u4E0D\u51CF\u6599\u7EC4\u6BCD\u732A\u5747\u672A\u53D1\u751F\u4E73\u623F\u708E\uFF1B\u800C\u54FA\u4E73\u6BCD\u732A\u65AD\u5976\u524D\u4E0D\u51CF\u6599\uFF0C\u53EF\u7F29\u77ED\u65AD\u5976\u81F3\u53D1\u60C5\u95F4\u9694\uFF1B\u66F4\u91CD\u8981\u7684\u662F\u4E0D\u51CF\u6599\u7EC4\u6BCD\u732A\u4E0B\u80CE\u4EA7\u4ED4\u6570\u548C\u4EA7\u6D3B\u4ED4\u6570\u589E\u52A0\u3002\u56E0\u6B64\uFF0C\u54FA\u4E73\u6BCD\u732A\u65AD\u5976\u524D\u51CF\u6599\u9972\u5582\u65B9\u5F0F\u7F3A\u4E4F\u79D1\u5B66\u4F9D\u636E\uFF0C\u4F1A\u5BFC\u81F4\u65AD\u5976\u81F3\u53D1\u60C5\u95F4\u9694\u5EF6\u957F\u548C\u51CF\u5C11\u4EA7\u4ED4\u6570\u3002
\n\u4F46\u6211\u4EEC\u77E5\u9053\uFF0C\u6BCD\u732A\u65AD\u5976\u524D\u7684\u4F53\u51B5\u5F80\u5F80\u5DEE\u5F02\u8F83\u5927\uFF0C\u5E94\u7ED3\u5408\u6BCD\u732A\u4F53\u51B5\u6765\u786E\u5B9A\u76F8\u5E94\u7684\u9972\u5582\u65B9\u6848\u3002\u4EE5\u4FC3\u8FDB\u6211\u4EEC\u65AD\u5976\u540E\u65E9\u53D1\u60C5\u3001\u591A\u6392\u5375\u4E3A\u76EE\u6807\u3002
\n1\u3001\u5BF9\u4E8E\u5728\u54FA\u4E73\u671F\u5931\u91CD\u8F83\u5C11\uFF0C\u8198\u60C5\u504F\u80A5\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\u65AD\u5976\u524D\u4E09\u5929\u53EF\u4EE5\u9002\u5F53\u63A7\u6599\uFF0C\u5F3A\u5316\u50AC\u5976\u8BA9\u5B83\u591A\u5E26\u51E0\u5929\u5F31\u5C0F\u4ED4\u732A\uFF0C\u6216\u662F\u8003\u8651\u6DD8\u6C70\uFF1B
\n2\u3001\u54FA\u4E73\u671F\u5931\u91CD\u5728\u6B63\u5E38\u8303\u56F4\u7684\u5219\u4E0D\u5FC5\u51CF\u6599\uFF1B
\n3\u3001\u54FA\u4E73\u671F\u5931\u91CD\u8FC7\u591A\uFF0C\u4F53\u51B5\u5DEE\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\u4E0D\u4F46\u4E0D\u5E94\u51CF\u6599\u53CD\u800C\u5E94\u8BE5\u77ED\u671F\u4F18\u9972\uFF1B
\n4\u3001\u540E\u5907\u6BCD\u732A\u4EA7\u7B2C\u4E00\u80CE\u4E00\u822C\u4E0D\u8981\u51CF\u6599\uFF0C\u5BB9\u6613\u51FA\u73B0\u4E8C\u80CE\u7EFC\u5408\u5F81\uFF1B
\n5\u3001\u65AD\u5976\u7B2C\u4E00\u9910\u4E0D\u5582\u6599\uFF0C\u80FD\u6709\u6548\u89E3\u51B3\u65AD\u5976\u540E\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u5047\u54FA\u4E73\u72B6\u6001\uFF0C\u66F4\u6709\u5229\u53D1\u60C5\u3002
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\n\t\"\"\n
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\n
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\n
\n
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\n\t
\n
","Author":"","Editor":"","Inputer":"webmaster","Source":"\u5929\u6D25\u745E\u5B5A\u519C\u7267\u79D1\u6280\u96C6\u56E2\u6709\u9650\u516C\u53F8","Image":"W10=","Tags":"","IsTop":"False","Attachment":"W10=","Sort":"352","Views":"2692","Template":"","State":"1","Draft":"False","CHKState":"1","CHKRemark":"","IsDelete":"False","DeleteTime":"2022/5/25 7:40:46","TurnURL":"","Keywords":"","Description":"","Point":"","IsCopy":"False","IsPush":"False","AddTime":"2021/5/7 14:01:18","UpdateTime":"2021/5/7 14:13:36","AllowPreview":"","CreateType":"0","UDelete":"False","UDeleteTime":"2022/5/25 7:40:46","RelativeID":"","linkurl":"/article/363","className":"\u5E02\u573A\u6D3B\u52A8","target":"_self","summary":"2021\u5E744\u670818\u65E5-19\u65E5\uFF0C\u4EE5\u201C\u4FE1\u4EFB \u8715\u53D8 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P\u6BD4\u503C\u6765\u8868\u793A\u9499\u7684\u9700\u6C42\u91CF\u5728\u6DFB\u52A0\u6216\u4E0D\u6DFB\u52A0\u5FAE\u751F\u7269\u690D\u9178\u9176\u7684\u9972\u7CAE\u4E2D\u662F\u9002\u7528\u7684\u3002
\n
\n\u8BD5\u9A8C\u52065\u4E2A\u9636\u6BB5\uFF0C\u9009\u7528160\u5934\u732A\uFF08\u4F53\u91CD\uFF1A11.2\u00B11.8kg\uFF09\u88AB\u968F\u673A\u5206\u914D\u7ED932\u680F\u548C4\u4E2A\u65E5\u7CAE\u7EC4\u4E2D\uFF0C\u91C7\u75282 \u00D7 2\u56E0\u5B50\u8BBE\u8BA1\uFF0C2\u79CD\u65E5\u7CAE\u914D\u65B9\u672C\u8D28\uFF08\u603BCa\u548CSTTD Ca\uFF09\u548C2\u79CD\u690D\u9178\u9176\u6C34\u5E73\uFF080\u6216500\u5355\u4F4D/kg\u9972\u6599\uFF09\uFF0C\u5047\u8BBE\u690D\u9178\u9176\u91CA\u653E0.11% STTD P \u548C0.16% \u603BCa\u30025\u4E2A\u9636\u6BB5\u4E2DSTTD Ca\uFF1ASTTD P\u5206\u522B\u4E3A1.40\uFF1A1\u30011.35\uFF1A1\u30011.25\uFF1A1\u30011.18\uFF1A1\u30011.10\uFF1A1\uFF0C STTD P\u6EE1\u8DB3\u9700\u8981\u91CF\uFF1B\u6BCF\u9636\u6BB5\u7ED3\u675F\u65F6\uFF0C\u8BB0\u5F55\u732A\u53EA\u7684\u4F53\u91CD\u548C\u5269\u4F59\u9972\u6599\u91CF\u3002\u5728\u7B2C1\u9636\u6BB5\uFF0824\u5929\uFF09\u7ED3\u675F\u65F6\uFF0C\u6BCF\u680F1\u5934\u732A\u88AB\u5B9E\u65BD\u5B89\u4E50\u6B7B\uFF0C\u91C7\u96C6\u8840\u6DB2\u548C\u53F3\u80A1\u9AA8\u6837\u672C\u3002\u5728\u7B2C2\uFF5E5\u9636\u6BB5\u7ED3\u675F\u65F6\uFF0C\u4ECE\u6BCF\u4E2A\u732A\u5708\u7684\u540C\u4E00\u5934\u732A\u8EAB\u4E0A\u91C7\u96C6\u8840\u6DB2\u6837\u672C\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u7ED3\u675F\u65F6\uFF08126\u5929\uFF09\uFF0C\u6BCF\u680F\u91C7\u96C61\u5934\u732A\u53F3\u80A1\u9AA8\uFF0C\u6D4B\u5B9A\u5176\u80F4\u4F53\u6027\u72B6\u3002
\n
\n\u8BD5\u9A8C\u6570\u636E\u663E\u793A\uFF0C\u5728\u4EFB\u4F55\u9636\u6BB5\uFF0C\u9972\u7CAE\u914D\u65B9\u672C\u8D28\u548C\u690D\u9178\u9176\u6DFB\u52A0\u91CF\u5BF9\u751F\u957F\u6027\u80FD\u5747\u672A\u53D1\u73B0\u76F8\u4E92\u4F5C\u7528\uFF0C\u5404\u5904\u7406\u5BF9\u6574\u4F53\u751F\u957F\u6027\u80FD\u4E5F\u672A\u53D1\u73B0\u5DEE\u5F02\u3002\u7B2C\u4E00\u9636\u6BB5\u7ED3\u675F\u65F6\u8840\u6D46\u9499\u3001\u78F7\u548C\u9AA8\u7070\u5206\u4E5F\u4E0D\u53D7\u9972\u7CAE\u5904\u7406\u7684\u5F71\u54CD\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u7B2C126\u5929\uFF0C\u4EE5\u603B\u9499\u4E3A\u57FA\u7840\u7684\u975E\u690D\u9178\u9176\u9972\u7CAE\u7684\u9AA8\u7070\u5206\u9AD8\u4E8E\u4EE5STTD Ca\u4E3A\u57FA\u7840\u7684\u9972\u7CAE\uFF1B\u4F46\u5728\u690D\u9178\u9176\u9972\u7CAE\u4E2D\uFF0C\u4E24\u79CD\u9499\u57FA\u7840\u9972\u7CAE\u7684\u9AA8\u7070\u5206\u6CA1\u6709\u5DEE\u5F02\uFF08\u4EA4\u4E92\u4F5C\u7528\uFF0CP < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u5728\u7B2C2\u548C3\u9636\u6BB5\u672B\uFF0C\u4E0D\u6DFB\u52A0\u690D\u9178\u9176\u7684\u9972\u7CAE\u8840\u6D46P\u663E\u8457\u9AD8\u4E8E\u6DFB\u52A0\u690D\u9178\u9176\u7684\u9972\u7CAE\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\uFF0C\u4F46\u5728\u7B2C4\u548C5\u9636\u6BB5\u672B\u65E0\u663E\u8457\u5DEE\u5F02\u3002\u57282 ~ 5\u9636\u6BB5\u8840\u6D46\u9499\u6D53\u5EA6\u5448\u8D1F\u7684\u4E8C\u6B21\u6548\u5E94\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\uFF0C\u8840\u6D46\u78F7\u6D53\u5EA6\u57282\uFF5E5\u9636\u6BB5\u663E\u8457\u589E\u52A0\uFF08\u4E8C\u6B21\u65B9\u7A0B\u5F0F\u5173\u7CFB\uFF0CP < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u7136\u800C\uFF0C\u9972\u7CAE\u914D\u65B9\u672C\u8D28\u548C\u690D\u9178\u9176\u542B\u91CF\u5BF9\u80F4\u4F53\u7279\u5F81\u65E0\u4EA4\u4E92\u4F5C\u7528\u6216\u5F71\u54CD\u3002
\n
\n\u7531\u6B64\u53EF\u89C1\uFF0CSTTD Ca\uFF1ASTTD P\u503C\u53EF\u7528\u4E8E\u751F\u957F\u80A5\u80B2\u732A\u9972\u7CAE\u914D\u65B9\uFF0C\u4E14\u4E0D\u5F71\u54CD\u751F\u957F\u6027\u80FD\u548C\u80F4\u4F53\u6027\u72B6\uFF0C\u690D\u9178\u9176\u6DFB\u52A0\u53EF\u6539\u5584\u4F4E\u9499\u3001\u4F4E\u78F7\u65E5\u7CAE\u5BFC\u81F4\u7684\u9AA8\u5438\u6536\u3002
\n
\nFormulating diets based on digestible calcium instead of total calcium does not affect growth performance or carcass characteristics, but microbial phytase ameliorates bone resorption caused by low calcium in diets fed to pigs from 11 to 130 kg
\n
\nAn experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that the requirement for Ca expressed as a ratio between standardized total tract digestible (STTD) Ca and STTD P obtained in short-term experiments may be applied to pigs fed diets without or with microbial phytase from 11 to 130 kg. In a 5-phase program, 160 pigs (body weight: 11.2 \u00B1 1.8 kg) were randomly allotted to 32 pens and 4 corn\u2013soybean meal-based diets in a 2 \u00D7 2 factorial design with 2 diet formulation principles (total Ca or STTD Ca), and 2 phytase inclusion levels (0 or 500 units/kg of feed) assuming phytase released 0.11% STTD P and 0.16% total Ca. The STTD Ca:STTD P ratios were 1.40:1, 1.35:1, 1.25:1, 1.18:1, and 1.10:1 for phases 1 to 5, and STTD P was at the requirement. Weights of pigs and feed left in feeders were recorded at the end of each phase. At the conclusion of phase 1 (day 24), 1 pig per pen was euthanized and a blood sample and the right femur were collected. At the end of phases 2 to 5, a blood sample was collected from the same pig in each pen. At the conclusion of the experiment (day 126), the right femur of 1 pig per pen was collected and carcass characteristics from this pig were measured. No interactions were observed between diet formulation principle and phytase inclusion for growth performance in any phase and no differences among treatments were observed for overall growth performance. Plasma Ca and P and bone ash at the end of phase 1 were also not influenced by dietary treatments. However, on day 126, pigs fed nonphytase diets formulated based on total Ca had greater bone ash than pigs fed STTD Ca-based diets, but if phytase was used, no differences were observed between the 2 formulation principles (interaction P < 0.05). At the end of phases 2 and 3, pigs fed diets without phytase had greater (P < 0.05) plasma P than pigs fed diets with phytase, but no differences were observed at the end of phases 4 and 5. A negative quadratic effect (P < 0.05) of phase (2 to 5) on the concentration of plasma Ca was observed, whereas plasma P increased (quadratic; P < 0.05) from phases 2 to 5. However, there was no interaction or effect of diet formulation principle or phytase inclusion on any carcass characteristics measured. In conclusion, STTD Ca to STTD P ratios can be used in diet formulation for growing-finishing pigs without affecting growth performance or carcass characteristics and phytase inclusion ameliorates bone resorption caused by low dietary Ca and P.
\n
\n\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B
\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002
\n
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In a 5-phase program, 160 pigs (body weight: 11.2 ± 1.8 kg) were randomly allotted to 32 pens and 4 corn\u2013soybean meal-based diets in a 2 × 2 factorial design with 2 diet formulation principles (total Ca or STTD Ca), and 2 phytase inclusion levels (0 or 500 units/kg of feed) assuming phytase released 0.11% STTD P and 0.16% total Ca. The STTD Ca:STTD P ratios were 1.40:1, 1.35:1, 1.25:1, 1.18:1, and 1.10:1 for phases 1 to 5, and STTD P was at the requirement. Weights of pigs and feed left in feeders were recorded at the end of each phase. At the conclusion of phase 1 (day 24), 1 pig per pen was euthanized and a blood sample and the right femur were collected. At the end of phases 2 to 5, a blood sample was collected from the same pig in each pen. At the conclusion of the experiment (day 126), the right femur of 1 pig per pen was collected and carcass characteristics from this pig were measured. No interactions were observed between diet formulation principle and phytase inclusion for growth performance in any phase and no differences among treatments were observed for overall growth performance. Plasma Ca and P and bone ash at the end of phase 1 were also not influenced by dietary treatments. However, on day 126, pigs fed nonphytase diets formulated based on total Ca had greater bone ash than pigs fed STTD Ca-based diets, but if phytase was used, no differences were observed between the 2 formulation principles (interaction P < 0.05). At the end of phases 2 and 3, pigs fed diets without phytase had greater (P < 0.05) plasma P than pigs fed diets with phytase, but no differences were observed at the end of phases 4 and 5. A negative quadratic effect (P < 0.05) of phase (2 to 5) on the concentration of plasma Ca was observed, whereas plasma P increased (quadratic; P < 0.05) from phases 2 to 5. However, there was no interaction or effect of diet formulation principle or phytase inclusion on any carcass characteristics measured. 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\n\u8BD5\u9A8C\u5171\u9009\u75281200\u5934\u8BD5\u9A8C\u732A\u53EA\uFF0C\u5E73\u5747\u521D\u91CD\uFF08BW\uFF0C27.74 \u00B1 0.28 kg\uFF09\uFF0C\u968F\u673A\u5206\u4E3A40\u4E2A\u680F\uFF0C\u6BCF\u680F30\u5934\u732A\uFF08\u6BCD\u732A\u548C\u516C\u732A\u5404\u53601/2\uFF09\uFF0C\u6309\u4F53\u91CD\u548C\u6027\u522B\u8FDB\u884C\u5206\u914D\uFF0C\u5206\u522B\u9972\u55825\u79CD\u8BD5\u9A8C\u9972\u7CAE\uFF08\u6BCF\u4E2A\u9972\u7CAE8\u4E2A\u91CD\u590D\u680F\uFF09\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u9972\u7CAE\u4E3A\u5BF9\u7167\u9972\u7CAE\uFF08\u4E0D\u6DFB\u52A0FeSO4\u7684\u57FA\u7840\u9972\u7CAE\uFF09\uFF0C\u5728\u57FA\u7840\u9972\u7CAE\u4E2D\u5206\u522B\u6DFB\u52A0150\u3001300\u3001450\u548C600 mg/kg Fe\u4F5C\u4E3AFeSO4\u9972\u7CAE\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u671F\u4E3A100 d\uFF0C\u524D50 d\u4E3A\u751F\u957F\u9636\u6BB5\uFF08\u4F53\u91CD27 ~ 60 kg\uFF09\uFF0C\u540E50 d\u4E3A\u80B2\u80A5\u9636\u6BB5\uFF08\u4F53\u91CD61 ~ 100 kg\uFF09\u3002\u57FA\u7840\u9972\u7CAE\u91C7\u7528\u4E0D\u542B\u94C1\u7684\u5FAE\u91CF\u77FF\u7269\u8D28\u9884\u6DF7\u6599\uFF0C\u751F\u957F\u9636\u6BB5\u9972\u7CAE\u603B\u94C1\u542B\u91CF\u4E3A203.36 mg/kg\uFF0C\u80B2\u6210\u9636\u6BB5\u9972\u7CAE\u603B\u94C1\u542B\u91CF\u4E3A216.71 mg/kg\uFF0C\u5747\u4E3A\u539F\u6599\u6210\u5206\u63D0\u4F9B\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u7ED3\u675F\u65F6\uFF0C\u4ECE\u6BCF\u4E2A\u5904\u7406\uFF08\u6BCF\u680F1\u5934\u732A\uFF09\u4E2D\u968F\u673A\u9009\u53D68\u5934\u732A\uFF084\u5934\u516C\u732A\u548C4\u5934\u6BCD\u732A\uFF09\u91C7\u96C6\u98DF\u7CDC\u3001\u8840\u6DB2\u548C\u80A0\u9053\u6837\u54C1\u3002
\n
\n\u8BD5\u9A8C\u6570\u636E\u8868\u660E\uFF0C\u5728\u80B2\u80A5\u9636\u6BB5\uFF0C\u542BFe\u65E5\u7CAE\u7EC4\u732A\u53EA\u7684\u5E73\u5747\u65E5\u91C7\u98DF\u91CF\uFF08P = 0.025\uFF09\u3001\u5E73\u5747\u65E5\u589E\u91CD\uFF08P = 0.020\uFF09\u548C\u4F53\u91CD\uFF08P = 0.019\uFF09\u5448\u7EBF\u6027\u589E\u52A0\u3002\u53E6\u4E00\u65B9\u9762\uFF0C\u9972\u7CAE\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0\u4E0D\u540C\u94C1\u6C34\u5E73\u663E\u8457\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u8840\u6E05\u94C1\u548C\u8F6C\u94C1\u86CB\u767D\u9971\u548C\u5EA6\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3001\u5341\u4E8C\u6307\u80A0\u7ED2\u6BDB\u676F\u72B6\u7EC6\u80DE\u6570\u91CF\uFF08P < 0.001\uFF09\u548CMUC4 mRNA\u8868\u8FBE\u91CF\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u542B450\u548C600 mg/kg\u94C1\u6C34\u5E73\u65E5\u7CAE\u7EC4\u732A\u53EA\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\uFF08AA\uFF09\u7684\u8868\u89C2\u56DE\u80A0\u6D88\u5316\u7387\uFF08AID\uFF09\u9AD8\u4E8E\u5BF9\u7167\u7EC4\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002
\n
\n\u7EFC\u4E0A\u6240\u8FF0\uFF0C\u9972\u7CAE\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0450 ~ 600 mg/kg\u94C1\u53EF\u901A\u8FC7\u6539\u53D8\u732A\u8840\u6DB2\u72B6\u51B5\u3001\u4FC3\u8FDB\u80A0\u9053\u676F\u72B6\u7EC6\u80DE\u5206\u5316\u548C\u63D0\u9AD8AA\u7684AID\u7B49\u6539\u5584\u732A\u7684\u751F\u957F\u6027\u80FD\u3002
\n
\nEffects of dietary iron level on growth performance, hematological status, and intestinal function in growing-finishing pigs
\nThis study investigated the different addition levels of iron (Fe) in growing-finishing pigs and the effect of different Fe levels on growth performance, hematological status, intestinal barrier function, and intestinal digestion. A total of 1,200 barrows and gilts ([Large White \u00D7 Landrace] \u00D7 Duroc) with average initial body weight (BW; 27.74 \u00B1 0.28 kg) were housed in 40 pens of 30 pigs per pen (gilts and barrows in half), blocked by BW and gender, and fed five experimental diets (eight replicate pens per diet). The five experimental diets were control diet (basal diet with no FeSO4 supplementation), and the basal diet being supplemented with 150, 300, 450, or 600 mg/kg Fe as FeSO4 diets. The trial lasted for 100 d and was divided into the growing phase (27 to 60 kg of BW) for the first 50 d and the finishing phase (61 to 100 kg of BW) for the last 50 d. The basal diet was formulated with an Fe-free trace mineral premix and contained 203.36 mg/kg total dietary Fe in the growing phase and 216.71 mg/kg in the finishing phase based on ingredient contributions. And at the end of the experiment, eight pigs (four barrows and four gilts) were randomly selected from each treatment (selected one pig per pen) for digesta, blood, and intestinal samples collection. The results showed that the average daily feed intake (P = 0.025), average daily gain (P = 0.020), and BW (P = 0.019) increased linearly in the finishing phase of pigs fed with the diets containing Fe. On the other hand, supplementation with different Fe levels in the diet significantly increased serum iron and transferrin saturation concentrations (P < 0.05), goblet cell numbers of duodenal villous (P < 0.001), and MUC4 mRNA expression (P < 0.05). The apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of amino acids (AA) for pigs in the 450 and 600 mg/kg Fe groups was greater (P < 0.05) than for pigs in the control group. In conclusion, dietary supplementation with 450 to 600 mg/kg Fe improved the growth performance of pigs by changing hematological status and by enhancing intestinal goblet cell differentiation and AID of AA.
\n
\n\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B
\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002
","Author":"","Editor":"","Inputer":"webmaster","Source":"\u5929\u6D25\u745E\u5B5A\u519C\u7267\u79D1\u6280\u96C6\u56E2\u6709\u9650\u516C\u53F8","Image":"","Tags":"","IsTop":"False","Attachment":"","Sort":"347","Views":"2752","Template":"","State":"1","Draft":"False","CHKState":"1","CHKRemark":"","IsDelete":"False","DeleteTime":"2022/5/25 7:40:46","TurnURL":"","Keywords":"","Description":"","Point":"","IsCopy":"False","IsPush":"False","AddTime":"2021/2/22 9:18:08","UpdateTime":"2021/2/22 9:36:36","AllowPreview":"","CreateType":"0","UDelete":"False","UDeleteTime":"2022/5/25 7:40:46","RelativeID":"","linkurl":"/article/357","className":"\u6280\u672F\u524D\u6CBF","target":"_self","summary":"\u672C\u7814\u7A76\u7814\u7A76\u4E86\u4E0D\u540C\u94C1\u6DFB\u52A0\u6C34\u5E73\u5BF9\u751F\u957F\u80A5\u80B2\u732A\u751F\u957F\u6027\u80FD\u3001\u8840\u6DB2\u72B6\u51B5\u3001\u80A0\u9053\u5C4F\u969C\u529F\u80FD\u548C\u80A0\u9053\u6D88\u5316\u7684\u5F71\u54CD\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u5171\u9009\u75281200\u5934\u8BD5\u9A8C\u732A\u53EA\uFF0C\u5E73\u5747\u521D\u91CD\uFF08BW\uFF0C27.74 ± 0.28 kg\uFF09\uFF0C\u968F\u673A\u5206\u4E3A40\u4E2A\u680F\uFF0C\u6BCF\u680F30\u5934\u732A\uFF08\u6BCD\u732A\u548C\u516C\u732A\u5404\u53601/2\uFF09\uFF0C\u6309\u4F53\u91CD\u548C\u6027\u522B\u8FDB\u884C\u5206\u914D\uFF0C\u5206\u522B\u9972\u55825\u79CD\u8BD5\u9A8C\u9972\u7CAE\uFF08\u6BCF\u4E2A\u9972\u7CAE8\u4E2A\u91CD\u590D\u680F\uFF09\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u9972\u7CAE\u4E3A\u5BF9\u7167\u9972\u7CAE\uFF08\u4E0D\u6DFB\u52A0FeSO4\u7684\u57FA\u7840\u9972\u7CAE\uFF09\uFF0C\u5728\u57FA\u7840\u9972\u7CAE\u4E2D\u5206\u522B\u6DFB\u52A0150\u3001300\u3001450\u548C600 mg/kg Fe\u4F5C\u4E3AFeSO4\u9972\u7CAE\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u671F\u4E3A100 d\uFF0C\u524D50 d\u4E3A\u751F\u957F\u9636\u6BB5\uFF08\u4F53\u91CD27 ~ 60 kg\uFF09\uFF0C\u540E50 d\u4E3A\u80B2\u80A5\u9636\u6BB5\uFF08\u4F53\u91CD61 ~ 100 kg\uFF09\u3002\u57FA\u7840\u9972\u7CAE\u91C7\u7528\u4E0D\u542B\u94C1\u7684\u5FAE\u91CF\u77FF\u7269\u8D28\u9884\u6DF7\u6599\uFF0C\u751F\u957F\u9636\u6BB5\u9972\u7CAE\u603B\u94C1\u542B\u91CF\u4E3A203.36 mg/kg\uFF0C\u80B2\u6210\u9636\u6BB5\u9972\u7CAE\u603B\u94C1\u542B\u91CF\u4E3A216.71 mg/kg\uFF0C\u5747\u4E3A\u539F\u6599\u6210\u5206\u63D0\u4F9B\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u7ED3\u675F\u65F6\uFF0C\u4ECE\u6BCF\u4E2A\u5904\u7406\uFF08\u6BCF\u680F1\u5934\u732A\uFF09\u4E2D\u968F\u673A\u9009\u53D68\u5934\u732A\uFF084\u5934\u516C\u732A\u548C4\u5934\u6BCD\u732A\uFF09\u91C7\u96C6\u98DF\u7CDC\u3001\u8840\u6DB2\u548C\u80A0\u9053\u6837\u54C1\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u6570\u636E\u8868\u660E\uFF0C\u5728\u80B2\u80A5\u9636\u6BB5\uFF0C\u542BFe\u65E5\u7CAE\u7EC4\u732A\u53EA\u7684\u5E73\u5747\u65E5\u91C7\u98DF\u91CF\uFF08P = 0.025\uFF09\u3001\u5E73\u5747\u65E5\u589E\u91CD\uFF08P = 0.020\uFF09\u548C\u4F53\u91CD\uFF08P = 0.019\uFF09\u5448\u7EBF\u6027\u589E\u52A0\u3002\u53E6\u4E00\u65B9\u9762\uFF0C\u9972\u7CAE\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0\u4E0D\u540C\u94C1\u6C34\u5E73\u663E\u8457\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u8840\u6E05\u94C1\u548C\u8F6C\u94C1\u86CB\u767D\u9971\u548C\u5EA6\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3001\u5341\u4E8C\u6307\u80A0\u7ED2\u6BDB\u676F\u72B6\u7EC6\u80DE\u6570\u91CF\uFF08P < 0.001\uFF09\u548CMUC4 mRNA\u8868\u8FBE\u91CF\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u542B450\u548C600 mg/kg\u94C1\u6C34\u5E73\u65E5\u7CAE\u7EC4\u732A\u53EA\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\uFF08AA\uFF09\u7684\u8868\u89C2\u56DE\u80A0\u6D88\u5316\u7387\uFF08AID\uFF09\u9AD8\u4E8E\u5BF9\u7167\u7EC4\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u7EFC\u4E0A\u6240\u8FF0\uFF0C\u9972\u7CAE\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0450 ~ 600 mg/kg\u94C1\u53EF\u901A\u8FC7\u6539\u53D8\u732A\u8840\u6DB2\u72B6\u51B5\u3001\u4FC3\u8FDB\u80A0\u9053\u676F\u72B6\u7EC6\u80DE\u5206\u5316\u548C\u63D0\u9AD8AA\u7684AID\u7B49\u6539\u5584\u732A\u7684\u751F\u957F\u6027\u80FD\u3002Effects of dietary iron level on growth performance, hematological status, and intestinal function in growing-finishing pigs\nThis study investigated the different addition levels of iron (Fe) in growing-finishing pigs and the effect of different Fe levels on growth performance, hematological status, intestinal barrier function, and intestinal digestion. A total of 1,200 barrows and gilts ([Large White × Landrace] × Duroc) with average initial body weight (BW; 27.74 ± 0.28 kg) were housed in 40 pens of 30 pigs per pen (gilts and barrows in half), blocked by BW and gender, and fed five experimental diets (eight replicate pens per diet). The five experimental diets were control diet (basal diet with no FeSO4 supplementation), and the basal diet being supplemented with 150, 300, 450, or 600 mg/kg Fe as FeSO4 diets. The trial lasted for 100 d and was divided into the growing phase (27 to 60 kg of BW) for the first 50 d and the finishing phase (61 to 100 kg of BW) for the last 50 d. The basal diet was formulated with an Fe-free trace mineral premix and contained 203.36 mg/kg total dietary Fe in the growing phase and 216.71 mg/kg in the finishing phase based on ingredient contributions. And at the end of the experiment, eight pigs (four barrows and four gilts) were randomly selected from each treatment (selected one pig per pen) for digesta, blood, and intestinal samples collection. The results showed that the average daily feed intake (P = 0.025), average daily gain (P = 0.020), and BW (P = 0.019) increased linearly in the finishing phase of pigs fed with the diets containing Fe. On the other hand, supplementation with different Fe levels in the diet significantly increased serum iron and transferrin saturation concentrations (P < 0.05), goblet cell numbers of duodenal villous (P < 0.001), and MUC4 mRNA expression (P < 0.05). The apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of amino acids (AA) for pigs in the 450 and 600 mg/kg Fe groups was greater (P < 0.05) than for pigs in the control group. In conclusion, dietary supplementation with 450 to 600 mg/kg Fe improved the growth performance of pigs by changing hematological status and by enhancing intestinal goblet cell differentiation and AID of AA.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"356","ClassID":"15","Title":"2021\u5E74\u4E00\u53F7\u6587\u4EF6\uFF0C\u8FD98\u70B9\u5C06\u5BF9\u517B\u732A\u4E1A\u4EA7\u751F\u6DF1\u8FDC\u5F71\u54CD","SubTitle":"\u519C\u6751\u517B\u732A\u4E1A\u51FA9\u6761\u65B0\u89C4 \u6216\u5C06\u6539\u53D8\u751F\u732A\u683C\u5C40","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"

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\n\t
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\n \u3000\u3000\u636E\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u5BF9\u6837\u672C\u5C60\u5BB0\u4F01\u4E1A\u76D1\u6D4B\uFF0C\u53BB\u5E74\u4E0B\u534A\u5E74\u751F\u732A\u65E5\u5747\u5C60\u5BB0\u91CF\u6301\u7EED\u589E\u52A0\uFF0C12\u6708\u4EFD\u65E5\u5747\u5C60\u5BB0\u91CF\u6BD47\u6708\u4EFD\u589E\u52A029\u4E07\u5934\uFF0C\u589E\u957F61.7%\u3002\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u6709\u5173\u8D1F\u8D23\u4EBA\u8868\u793A\uFF0C\u4F9B\u5E94\u6700\u7D27\u5F20\u7684\u65F6\u671F\u5DF2\u7ECF\u8FC7\u53BB\uFF0C\u540E\u671F\u4F9B\u9700\u5173\u7CFB\u5C06\u8D8A\u6765\u8D8A\u5BBD\u677E\u300212\u6708\u4EFD\u4EE5\u6765\u732A\u8089\u4EF7\u683C\u5B63\u8282\u6027\u5C0F\u5E45\u4E0A\u6DA8\uFF0C\u4E3B\u8981\u662F\u5143\u65E6\u6625\u8282\u6D88\u8D39\u62C9\u52A8\uFF0C\u4E5F\u6709\u65B0\u51A0\u80BA\u708E\u75AB\u60C5\u7684\u539F\u56E0\u3002\u4ECE\u76EE\u524D\u7684\u4F9B\u9700\u60C5\u51B5\u770B\uFF0C\u524D\u671F\u538B\u680F\u80A5\u732A\u56E0\u4E34\u8FD1\u6625\u8282\u52A0\u5FEB\u51FA\u680F\uFF0C\u5357\u65B9\u5236\u4F5C\u814A\u8089\u9999\u80A0\u6D3B\u52A8\u63A5\u8FD1\u5C3E\u58F0\uFF0C\u732A\u4EF7\u5DF2\u7ECF\u51FA\u73B0\u4E0B\u964D\u7684\u82D7\u5934\u3002
\n \u3000\u3000\u8FD1\u671F\uFF0C\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u53EC\u96C6\u4E13\u5BB6\u4F1A\u5546\uFF0C\u7ED3\u5408\u524D\u671F\u751F\u732A\u751F\u4EA7\u6062\u590D\u60C5\u51B5\u3001\u65B0\u751F\u4ED4\u732A\u6570\u91CF\u3001\u732A\u9972\u6599\u9500\u91CF\u7B49\u56E0\u7D20\u6D4B\u7B97\uFF0C\u9884\u8BA1\u4ECA\u5E741-2\u6708\u4EFD\u751F\u732A\u51FA\u680F\u6BD4\u4E0A\u5E74\u540C\u671F\u589E\u957F25%\u5DE6\u53F3\uFF0C\u540E\u671F\u732A\u8089\u4EF7\u683C\u8FD8\u6709\u4E0B\u964D\u7684\u7A7A\u95F4\u3002
\n \u3000\u3000\u53E6\u4E00\u65B9\u9762\uFF0C\u79BD\u8089\u3001\u79BD\u86CB\u3001\u725B\u5976\u4EA7\u91CF\u53BB\u5E74\u4E5F\u6709\u660E\u663E\u589E\u957F\uFF0C\u725B\u7F8A\u8089\u751F\u4EA7\u7A33\u4E2D\u6709\u589E\u3002\u4ECE\u6625\u8282\u671F\u95F4\u5E02\u573A\u4F9B\u5E94\u6765\u770B\uFF0C\u4EA7\u86CB\u9E21\u548C\u8089\u9E21\u5B58\u680F\u5904\u4E8E\u5386\u53F2\u540C\u671F\u8F83\u9AD8\u6C34\u5E73\uFF0C\u9E21\u86CB\u9E21\u8089\u5E02\u573A\u4F9B\u5E94\u6BD4\u8F83\u5145\u8DB3\uFF0C\u4EF7\u683C\u5C06\u603B\u4F53\u7A33\u5B9A\u3002\u6309\u7167\u60EF\u4F8B\uFF0C\u6625\u8282\u524D\u725B\u7F8A\u51FA\u680F\u5C06\u663E\u8457\u589E\u52A0\uFF0C\u5E02\u573A\u4F9B\u5E94\u603B\u4F53\u6709\u4FDD\u969C\uFF0C\u4EF7\u683C\u5C06\u4EE5\u7A33\u4E3A\u4E3B\u3002
\n
\n\t
\n\t
\n\t\t \u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u65B0\u4EAC\u62A5\n\t
\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002

\n
","Author":"","Editor":"","Inputer":"webmaster","Source":"\u5929\u6D25\u745E\u5B5A\u519C\u7267\u79D1\u6280\u96C6\u56E2\u6709\u9650\u516C\u53F8","Image":"","Tags":"","IsTop":"False","Attachment":"","Sort":"345","Views":"3451","Template":"","State":"1","Draft":"False","CHKState":"1","CHKRemark":"","IsDelete":"False","DeleteTime":"2022/5/25 7:40:46","TurnURL":"","Keywords":"","Description":"","Point":"","IsCopy":"False","IsPush":"False","AddTime":"2021/1/21 16:09:24","UpdateTime":"2021/1/21 16:11:39","AllowPreview":"","CreateType":"0","UDelete":"False","UDeleteTime":"2022/5/25 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\n

\n1\u3001\u96BE\u4EA7\u3000
\n \u539F\u56E0\uFF1A
\n \u2460\u6839\u636E\u7EDF\u8BA1\u6BCF\u7A9D\u5C0F\u732A\u4E2D\u6700\u540E\u51FA\u6765\u76841/3\u5E38\u56E0\u7A92\u606F\u800C\u6B7B\u4EA1\uFF0C\u5176\u539F\u56E0\u662F\u56E0\u4ED4\u732A\u7684\u8110\u5E26\u8F83\u6BCD\u732A\u5B50\u5BAB\u89D2\u4E3A\u77ED\uFF0C\u56E0\u6B64\u5728\u5206\u5A29\u7684\u540E\u671F1/3\u9636\u6BB5\uFF0C\u7531\u4E8E\u8110\u5E26\u5728\u6392\u51FA\u65F6\u5DF2\u65AD\u88C2\uFF0C\u5982\u679C\u6BCD\u732A\u56E0\u8D2B\u8840\u3001\u75B2\u5026\u3001\u65E0\u529B\u6536\u7F29\uFF0C\u65E0\u6CD5\u5C06\u4ED4\u732A\u53CA\u65F6\u6392\u51FA\uFF0C\u4ED4\u732A\u57285\u5206\u949F\u5185\u5373\u4F1A\u56E0\u7A92\u606F\u800C\u6B7B\u4EA1\u3002
\n \u2461\u70ED\u5E94\u6FC0\uFF1B
\n \u2462\u8D2B\u8840\u6216\u75BE\u75C5\u3002
\n \u9884\u9632\u7684\u65B9\u6CD5\uFF1A
\n \u2460\u63D0\u9AD8\u6BCD\u732A\u8425\u517B\u6C34\u5E73\u53CA\u9884\u9632\u6C14\u8840\u4E8F\u865A\u73B0\u8C61\u3002
\n \u2461\u5728\u6BCD\u732A\u9972\u6599\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0\u5B55\u5B9D\uFF0C\u8C03\u8282\u6BCD\u732A\u6C14\u8840\u548C\u8425\u517B\uFF0C\u4EE5\u589E\u52A0\u6BCD\u732A\u8179\u90E8\u7684\u6536\u7F29\u80FD\u529B\uFF1B 
\n \u2462\u964D\u4F4E\u70ED\u5E94\u6FC0\uFF0C\u51CF\u5C11\u9972\u6599\u4E2D\u7C97\u7EA4\u7EF4\u7684\u542B\u91CF\uFF1B
\n \u2463\u91CD\u89C6\u6BCD\u732A\u548C\u5206\u5A29\u820D\u7684\u6D88\u6BD2\u3002
\n

\n 2\u3001\u4FBF\u79D8\u3000
\n \u539F\u56E0\uFF1A
\n \u6BCD\u732A\u4FBF\u79D8\u4E5F\u662F\u732A\u573A\u5E38\u89C1\u95EE\u9898\u4E4B\u4E00\uFF0C\u591A\u79CD\u56E0\u7D20\u5747\u53EF\u5BFC\u81F4\u6BCD\u732A\u51FA\u73B0\u4FBF\u79D8\uFF0C\u4E25\u91CD\u7684\u751A\u81F3\u5F71\u54CD\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u91C7\u98DF\u91CF\u548C\u751F\u4EA7\u6027\u80FD\uFF0C\u800C\u6BCD\u732A\u4FBF\u79D8\u7684\u4E3B\u8981\u539F\u56E0\u6709\u73AF\u5883\u56E0\u7D20\u3001\u81EA\u8EAB\u56E0\u7D20\u3001\u7BA1\u7406\u7B49\u56E0\u7D20\u7684\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u5F62\u6210\u539F\u56E0\u4E3B\u8981\u662F\u80A0\u9053\u6C34\u5206\u7F3A\u5931\u3001\u8815\u52A8\u7F13\u6162\u3001\u673A\u4F53\u5185\u70ED\u7B49\u5BFC\u81F4\u7CAA\u4FBF\u8FC7\u4E8E\u5E72\u71E5\uFF0C\u4FBF\u79D8\u867D\u8BF4\u4E0D\u662F\u4EC0\u4E48\u5927\u95EE\u9898\uFF0C\u4F46\u5B83\u786E\u662F\u6BCD\u732A\u53D1\u75C5\u548C\u4E9A\u5065\u5EB7\u7684\u524D\u5146\uFF0C\u5E94\u5F15\u8D77\u91CD\u89C6\u3002
\n \u89E3\u51B3\u65B9\u6CD5\uFF1A
\n \u52A0\u5F3A\u6BCD\u732A\u7FA4\u7684\u9972\u517B\u7BA1\u7406\uFF0C\u589E\u52A0\u6000\u5B55\u540E\u671F\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u8FD0\u52A8\u91CF\uFF0C\u4FC3\u8FDB\u80A0\u9053\u7684\u8815\u52A8\u80FD\u529B\uFF0C\u5FC5\u8981\u65F6\u53EF\u6DFB\u52A0\u76CA\u751F\u83CC\u8FDB\u884C\u8C03\u7406\u80A0\u9053\uFF0C\u52A0\u5F3A\u65E5\u5E38\u7684\u4FDD\u5065\u5DE5\u4F5C\u53EF\u957F\u671F\u6DFB\u52A0\u76CA\u6BCD\u5B9D\uFF0C\u4E25\u7981\u9972\u5582\u53D1\u9709\u53D8\u8D28\u7684\u9972\u6599\u3002
\n

\n 3\u3001\u6BCD\u4E73\u514D\u75AB
\n \u521A\u51FA\u751F\u7684\u4ED4\u732A\u4E00\u5B9A\u8981\u9760\u4ECE\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u4E73\u6C41\u4E2D\u83B7\u5F97\u6297\u4F53\uFF0C\u624D\u80FD\u62B5\u6297\u73AF\u5883\u4E2D\u7684\u75C5\u539F\u4F53\uFF0C\u6240\u4EE5\u5982\u679C\u6BCD\u732A\u7F3A\u4E73\uFF0C\u4E73\u91CF\u5F88\u5C11\u6216\u4E73\u8D28\u5F88\u5DEE\uFF0C\u90A3\u4E48\u5373\u4F7F\u6BCD\u732A\u6253\u4E86\u75AB\u82D7\uFF0C\u4E73\u732A\u4F9D\u7136\u4F1A\u51FA\u73B0\u62C9\u7A00\u3001\u6D88\u7626\u3001\u6297\u75C5\u80FD\u529B\u4E0B\u964D\u7B49\u95EE\u9898\u3002\u56E0\u6B64\u6BCD\u732A\u5FC5\u987B\u81EA\u4EA7\u4ED4\u524D\u589E\u52A0\u9972\u6599\u8425\u517B\u91CF\uFF0C\u5E76\u8C03\u6574\u4E73\u623F\u6CCC\u4E73\u529F\u80FD\u6B63\u5E38\uFF0C\u907F\u514D\u53D1\u751F\u4E73\u623F\u6C34\u80BF\u3001\u7F3A\u4E73\u73B0\u8C61\u3002
\n

\n 4\u3001\u914D\u79CD\u8001\u914D\u4E0D\u4E0A
\n \u4E00\u822C\u4EBA\u9047\u5230\u8FD9\u4E2A\u95EE\u9898\u5927\u591A\u4F1A\u60F3\u5230\u5B50\u5BAB\u708E\u6216\u4EA7\u9053\u708E\uFF0C\u4F46\u4E8B\u5B9E\u4E0A\u6709\u4E00\u4E2A\u6F5C\u5728\u4E14\u88AB\u5927\u5BB6\u5FFD\u7565\u7684\u56E0\u7D20---\u9709\u83CC\u6BD2\u7D20\u3002\u9709\u83CC\u6BD2\u7D20\uFF08F-2\u6BD2\u7D20\uFF09\u5176\u4F5C\u7528\u7C7B\u4F3C\u52A8\u60C5\u7D20\uFF0C\u6240\u4EE5\u6BCD\u732A\u4F1A\u6709\u53D1\u60C5\u7684\u73B0\u8C61\uFF0C\u4F46\u5F53\u6BCD\u732A\u4F53\u5185\u52A8\u60C5\u7D20\u8FC7\u9AD8\u65F6\uFF0C\u6BCD\u732A\u5373\u65E0\u6CD5\u6000\u5B55\uFF0C\u6240\u4EE5\u4F1A\u4E00\u76F4\u914D\u4E0D\u4E0A\u3002\u56E0\u6B64\u5E94\u6CE8\u91CD\u9972\u6599\u539F\u6599\u7684\u8D28\u91CF\u548C\u81EA\u914D\u6599\u7684\u5B58\u653E\u65F6\u95F4\u4E0D\u5B9C\u8FC7\u4E45\uFF0C\u4E14\u4E25\u7981\u9972\u5582\u53D1\u9709\u53D8\u8D28\u9972\u6599\u3002
\n

\n 5\u3001\u8E44\u75C5
\n \u8F6F\u811A\uFF1A\u2460\u5C06\u6BCD\u732A\u5173\u5728\u6613\u6ED1\u7684\u5730\u677F\uFF0C\u800C\u5F15\u8D77\u811A\u90E8\u7D27\u5F20\uFF0C\u9020\u6210\u9AA8\u9ABC\u7684\u5F02\u5E38\u3002\u2461\u5F53\u6BCD\u732A\u6709\u826F\u597D\u7684\u6CCC\u4E73\u80FD\u529B\u6216\u6CCC\u4E73\u91CF\u589E\u52A0\u65F6\uFF0C\u82E5\u65E0\u989D\u5916\u8865\u5145\u8F83\u9AD8\u7684\u9499\u3001\u78F7\uFF0C\u5C06\u5BFC\u81F4\u79BB\u4E73\u540E\u8E44\u75C5\u3002
\n \u5173\u8282\u708E\uFF1A\u5FC5\u987B\u9760\u52E4\u6D88\u6BD2\u548C\u52A0\u5F3A\u73AF\u5883\u536B\u751F\u6765\u964D\u4F4E\u53D1\u751F\u7387\u3002\u3000
\n \u8E44\u88C2\uFF1A\u8E44\u88C2\u53D1\u751F\u539F\u56E0\u9664\u4E86\u732A\u820D\u5730\u677F\u7C97\u7CD9\u5916\uFF0C\u4E3B\u8981\u662F\u56E0\u7F3A\u4E4F\u751F\u7269\u7D20\u3002\u800C\u4E14\u7F3A\u4E4F\u751F\u7269\u7D20\u7684\u732A\u5F88\u5BB9\u6613\u64E6\u4F24\uFF0C\u76F8\u5BF9\u7ECF\u7531\u4F24\u53E3\u611F\u67D3\u75C5\u539F\u4F53\u51E0\u7387\u5C31\u589E\u52A0\u3002
\n

\n 6\u3001\u538C\u98DF
\n \u2460\u9632\u6B62\u6BCD\u732A\u53D1\u751F\u4E73\u623F\u6C34\u80BF\uFF1B
\n \u2461\u907F\u514D\u6BCD\u732A\u5206\u5A29\u540E\u611F\u67D3\uFF1B
\n \u2462\u964D\u4F4E\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u4F53\u6E29\u3002\u6539\u5584\u73AF\u5883\u3001\u964D\u4F4E\u6C28\u6C14\u53CA\u6E29\u5EA6\uFF0C\u51CF\u5C11\u6BCD\u732A\u9972\u6599\u4E2D\u7C97\u7EA4\u7EF4\u7684\u542B\u91CF\uFF08\u5982\u9EB8\u76AE\uFF09\uFF0C\u4EE5\u964D\u4F4E\u98DF\u589E\u70ED\uFF1B
\n \u2463\u91C7\u53D6\u5C11\u98DF\u591A\u9910\u65B9\u5F0F\u5E76\u7528\u6E7F\u6599\u3002
\n \u2464\u589E\u52A0\u6BCD\u732A\u9972\u6599\u7684\u9002\u53E3\u6027\u3002
\n

\n 7\u3001\u4E0D\u53D1\u60C5
\n \u2460\u5375\u5DE2\u9759\u6B62\uFF1B
\n \u2461\u5185\u5206\u6CCC\u4E0D\u5E73\u8861\u3002\u5F53\u6BCD\u732A\u4F53\u5185\u6CCC\u4E73\u7D20\u542B\u91CF\u5F88\u9AD8\u65F6\uFF0C\u52A8\u60C5\u7D20\u7684\u91CF\u5C31\u65E0\u6CD5\u9AD8\u8D77\u6765\u3002\u5F53\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u4E73\u91CF\u5F88\u4F4E\u65F6\uFF0C\u5176\u4F53\u5185\u4F1A\u5206\u6CCC\u8F83\u591A\u7684\u6CCC\u4E73\u7D20\u4EE5\u5229\u523A\u6FC0\u4E73\u6C41\u7684\u5206\u6CCC\uFF0C\u4EE5\u81F4\u79BB\u4E73\u540E\uFF0C\u53D1\u60C5\u4F1A\u5EF6\u540E\u6216\u4E0D\u660E\u663E\uFF0C\u6CCC\u4E73\u80FD\u529B\u597D\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\uFF0C\u53EA\u8981\u8425\u517B\u8865\u8DB3\u5F97\u5F53\uFF0C\u53CD\u800C\u6BD4\u6CCC\u4E73\u80FD\u529B\u5DEE\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\u5BB9\u6613\u53D1\u60C5\uFF1B
\n \u2462\u4F53\u8102\u91CF\u4E0D\u591F\u3002\u5982\u679C\u6BCD\u732A\u5728\u54FA\u4E73\u671F\u95F4\u5931\u91CD\u8FC7\u591A\uFF0C\u5219\u6BCD\u732A\u79BB\u4E73\u540E\u5C31\u4F1A\u5BFC\u81F4\u4E0D\u53D1\u60C5\uFF0C\u5E94\u53CA\u65F6\u8C03\u8282\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u91C7\u98DF\u91CF\u548C\u8198\u60C5\uFF0C\u8FC7\u7626\u7684\u5F85\u4F53\u51B5\u6062\u590D\u540E\u5728\u8FDB\u884C\u53D1\u60C5\u914D\u79CD\u3002
\n
\n\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u4E1A\u89C6\u89D2/\u4E2D\u56FD\u517B\u6B96
\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002

\n
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\n
\n Nutritional approaches to slow late finishing pig growth: implications on carcass composition and pork quality
\n
\n Although pork producers typically aim to optimize growth rates, occasionally it is necessary to slow growth, such as when harvest facility capacity is limited. In finishing pigs, numerous dietary strategies can be used to slow growth so pigs are at optimal slaughter body weights when harvest facility capacity and/or access is restored. However, the impact of these diets on pork carcass quality is largely unknown. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of dietary strategies to slow growth in late finishing pigs and evaluate their effects on carcass composition and pork quality. Mixed-sex pigs (n = 897; 125 \u00B1 2 kg BW) were randomly allotted across 48 pens and assigned to 1 of 6 dietary treatments (n = 8 pens/treatment): (1) Control diet representative of a typical finisher diet (CON); (2) diet containing 3% calcium chloride (CaCl2); (3) diet containing 97% corn and no soybean meal (Corn); (4) diet deficient in isoleucine (LowIle); (5) diet containing 15% neutral detergent fiber (NDF) from soybean hulls (15% NDF); and (6) diet containing 20% NDF from soybean hulls (20% NDF). Over 42 d, pen body weights and feed disappearance were collected. Pigs were harvested in 3 groups (14, 28, and 42 d on feed) and carcass data collected. From the harvest group, 1 loin was collected from 120 randomly selected carcasses (20 loins/treatment) to evaluate pork quality traits. Overall, ADG was reduced in CaCl2, Corn, and 20% NDF pigs compared with CON pigs (P < 0.001). However, ADFI was only reduced in CaCl2 and 20% NDF pigs compared with CON (P < 0.001). Feed efficiency was reduced in CaCl2 and Corn pigs compared with CON (P < 0.001). Hot carcass weights were reduced in CaCl2 pigs at all harvest dates (P < 0.001) and were reduced in Corn and 20% NDF pigs at days 28 and 42 compared with CON pigs (P < 0.001). In general, CaCl2 and 20% NDF diets resulted in leaner carcasses, whereas the Corn diet increased backfat by 42 d on test (P < 0.05). Loin pH was reduced and star probe increased in CaCl2 pigs compared with CON pigs (P < 0.05); no treatments differed from CON pigs regarding drip loss, cook loss, color, firmness, or marbling (P \u2265 0.117). Overall, these data indicate that several dietary strategies can slow finishing pig growth without evidence of behavioral vices. However, changes to carcass composition and quality were also observed, indicating quality should be taken into consideration when choosing diets to slow growth.
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probe\uFF09\u663E\u8457\u589E\u52A0\uFF08P\uFF1C0.05\uFF09\u3002\u6240\u6709\u5904\u7406\u7EC4\u6EF4\u6C34\u5931\u91CD\u3001\u84B8\u716E\u5931\u91CD\u3001\u575A\u786C\u5EA6\u3001\u5927\u7406\u77F3\u8BC4\u5206\u6CA1\u6709\u663E\u8457\u5DEE\u5F02\uFF08P\u22650.117\uFF09\u3002 \u603B\u4E4B\uFF0C\u8BD5\u9A8C\u7ED3\u679C\u8BF4\u660E\u4E00\u4E9B\u65E5\u7CAE\u624B\u6BB5\u53EF\u4EE5\u964D\u4F4E\u80B2\u80A5\u732A\u751F\u957F\u901F\u5EA6\uFF0C\u800C\u4E0D\u5BF9\u732A\u7684\u884C\u4E3A\u4EA7\u751F\u8D1F\u9762\u5F71\u54CD\u3002\u4F46\u662F\uFF0C\u5176\u4F1A\u5F71\u54CD\u80F4\u4F53\u7EC4\u6210\u548C\u8D28\u91CF\uFF0C\u8BF4\u660E\u5728\u4F7F\u7528\u76F8\u5173\u65E5\u7CAE\u63AA\u65BD\u51CF\u7F13\u751F\u957F\u901F\u5EA6\u65F6\u5E94\u5F53\u8003\u8651\u5176\u5BF9\u732A\u8089\u8D28\u91CF\u7684\u5F71\u54CD\u3002Nutritional approaches to slow late finishing pig growth: implications on carcass composition and pork qualityAlthough pork producers typically aim to optimize growth rates, occasionally it is necessary to slow growth, such as when harvest facility capacity is limited. In finishing pigs, numerous dietary strategies can be used to slow growth so pigs are at optimal slaughter body weights when harvest facility capacity and/or access is restored. However, the impact of these diets on pork carcass quality is largely unknown. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of dietary strategies to slow growth in late finishing pigs and evaluate their effects on carcass composition and pork quality. Mixed-sex pigs (n = 897; 125 ± 2 kg BW) were randomly allotted across 48 pens and assigned to 1 of 6 dietary treatments (n = 8 pens/treatment): (1) Control diet representative of a typical finisher diet (CON); (2) diet containing 3% calcium chloride (CaCl2); (3) diet containing 97% corn and no soybean meal (Corn); (4) diet deficient in isoleucine (LowIle); (5) diet containing 15% neutral detergent fiber (NDF) from soybean hulls (15% NDF); and (6) diet containing 20% NDF from soybean hulls (20% NDF). Over 42 d, pen body weights and feed disappearance were collected. Pigs were harvested in 3 groups (14, 28, and 42 d on feed) and carcass data collected. From the harvest group, 1 loin was collected from 120 randomly selected carcasses (20 loins/treatment) to evaluate pork quality traits. Overall, ADG was reduced in CaCl2, Corn, and 20% NDF pigs compared with CON pigs (P < 0.001). However, ADFI was only reduced in CaCl2 and 20% NDF pigs compared with CON (P < 0.001). Feed efficiency was reduced in CaCl2 and Corn pigs compared with CON (P < 0.001). Hot carcass weights were reduced in CaCl2 pigs at all harvest dates (P < 0.001) and were reduced in Corn and 20% NDF pigs at days 28 and 42 compared with CON pigs (P < 0.001). In general, CaCl2 and 20% NDF diets resulted in leaner carcasses, whereas the Corn diet increased backfat by 42 d on test (P < 0.05). Loin pH was reduced and star probe increased in CaCl2 pigs compared with CON pigs (P < 0.05); no treatments differed from CON pigs regarding drip loss, cook loss, color, firmness, or marbling (P \u2265 0.117). Overall, these data indicate that several dietary strategies can slow finishing pig growth without evidence of behavioral vices. However, changes to carcass composition and quality were also observed, indicating quality should be taken into consideration when choosing diets to slow growth.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"352","ClassID":"21","Title":"\u65AD\u5976\u4ED4\u732A\u603B\u8179\u6CFB\uFF1F\u662F\u6CA1\u6709\u575A\u6301\u201C\u4E09\u4E0D\u53D8\u4E09\u6E10\u53D8\u201D\u539F\u5219","SubTitle":"\u65AD\u5976\u4ED4\u732A\u603B\u8179\u6CFB\uFF1F\u662F\u6CA1\u6709\u575A\u6301\u201C\u4E09\u4E0D\u53D8\u4E09\u6E10\u53D8\u201D\u539F\u5219","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"\u65AD\u5976\u4ED4\u732A\u7531\u4E8E\u53D7\u5230\u75BE\u75C5\u611F\u67D3\u3001\u9972\u7CAE\u3001\u73AF\u5883\u3001\u9972\u517B\u7BA1\u7406\u7B49\u5404\u79CD\u56E0\u7D20\u7684\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u53D1\u751F\u8179\u6CFB\u6700\u4E3A\u5E38\u89C1\uFF0C\u5B83\u4E0D\u4EC5\u5F71\u54CD\u5230\u4ED4\u732A\u7684\u751F\u957F\uFF0C\u800C\u4E14\u6781\u6613\u9020\u6210\u6B7B\u4EA1\uFF0C\u5373\u4F7F\u662F\u8010\u8FC7\u7684\u4ED4\u732A\uFF0C\u4E5F\u4F1A\u9020\u6210\u53D1\u80B2\u4E0D\u826F\uFF0C\u751A\u81F3\u5F62\u6210\u50F5\u732A\uFF0C\u4E25\u91CD\u5236\u7EA6\u517B\u732A\u4E1A\u7684\u53D1\u5C55\u3002
\n\u5982\u4F55\u907F\u514D\u8FD9\u79CD\u635F\u5931?\u6765\u4E86\u89E3\u4E00\u4E0B\u65AD\u5976\u4ED4\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\u7684\u539F\u56E0\u548C\u89E3\u51B3\u65B9\u6848\u5427\u3002 
\n

\n\u65AD\u5976\u540E\u4ED4\u732A\u8179\u6CFB\u7684\u539F\u56E0
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\n01\u3001\u65AD\u5976\u8179\u6CFB\u53D1\u751F\u89C4\u5F8B
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\n

\n\u89E3\u51B3\u65B9\u6848
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\n\u8981\u79FB\u51FA\u6BCD\u732A\uFF0C\u8BA9\u4ED4\u732A\u7559\u5728\u539F\u5708\u9972\u517B3-7\u5929\uFF0C\u7136\u540E\u518D\u8F6C\u5708\u9972\u517B\u3002
\n\u5728\u4ED4\u732A\u65AD\u5976\u524D3\uFF5E5\u5929\u9002\u5F53\u51CF\u5C11\u54FA\u4E73\u6BCD\u732A\u5582\u6599\u91CF(15%\uFF5E20%)\uFF0C\u901A\u8FC7\u51CF\u5C11\u6BCD\u732A\u5582\u6599\u91CF\u6765\u6709\u610F\u63A7\u5236\u548C\u51CF\u5C11\u6BCD\u4E73\u91CF\uFF0C\u8BA9\u4ED4\u732A\u6709\u9965\u997F\u611F\uFF0C\u4FC3\u4F7F\u4ED4\u732A\u591A\u5403\u6599\u3002
\n\u539F\u5708\u65AD\u5976\u7559\u517B\u6839\u636E\u4ED4\u732A\u751F\u957F\u53D1\u80B2\u89C4\u5F8B\uFF0C\u4E00\u822C\u57284\uFF5E5\u5468\u9F84\uFF0C\u4F53\u91CD6.5\uFF5E7.5 kg\u65AD\u5976\u6BD4\u8F83\u5B89\u5168\u3002
\n

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\n
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\n
\n\u603B\u4E4B\uFF0C\u86CB\u767D\u9176\u6709\u63D0\u9AD8\u5927\u8C46\u7403\u86CB\u767D\u80C3\u6DB2\u964D\u89E3\u7684\u8D8B\u52BF\uFF0C\u5E76\u964D\u4F4E\u80A0\u9053\u901A\u900F\u6027\u3001\u8840\u6E05\u4FC3\u708E\u56E0\u5B50\u7684\u6D53\u5EA6\uFF0C\u7ED3\u679C\u8868\u660E\u65AD\u5976\u4ED4\u732A\u7684\u8C46\u7C95\u578B\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E2D\u53EF\u4EE5\u6DFB\u52A0\u86CB\u767D\u9176\u6539\u5584\u80A0\u9053\u5065\u5EB7\u3002
\n

\n
\nSoybean meal allergenic protein degradation and gut health of piglets fed protease-supplemented diets
\n
\nTwo experiments were conducted to determine the effects of protease supplementation on degradation of soybean meal (SBM) allergenic proteins (glycinin and \u03B2-conglycinin) and gut health of weaned pigs fed soybean meal-based diets. In experiment 1, 2 SBM samples from 2 different sources were subjected to porcine in vitro gastric degradation to determine the effects of protease (at 15,000 U/kg of feedstuff) on degradation of the soybean allergenic proteins. In experiment 2, 48 weaned pigs (body weight = 6.66 kg) were obtained in 2 batches of 24 pigs each. Pigs were individually housed in metabolic crates and fed 4 diets (12 pigs/diet). The diets were corn-based diet with SBM 1 or SBM 2 without or with protease at 15,000 U/kg of diet in 2 \u00D7 2 factorial arrangement. Diets were fed for 10 d and pigs were sacrificed on day 10 for measurement of small intestinal histomorphology, permeability of small intestine mounted in Ussing chambers, and serum concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Two SBM sources (SBM 1 and SBM 2) contained 46.9% or 47.7% CP, 14.0% or 14.6% glycinin, and 9.90% or 10.3% \u03B2-conglycinin, respectively. Protease and SBM source did not interact on any of the response criteria measured in the current study. Protease supplementation tended to increase (P = 0.069) the in vitro gastric degradation of glycinin. Protease supplementation tended to reduce (P = 0.099) fluorescein isothiocyanate dextran 4,000 Da (which is a marker probe for intestinal permeability) flow in jejunum, and reduced (P = 0.037) serum TNF-\u03B1 concentration. Protease did not affect small intestinal histomorphology. In conclusion, protease tended to increase gastric degradation of glycinin and reduce gut permeability, and serum concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines, indicating that the protease used in the current study can be added to SBM-based diets for weanling pigs to improve gut health.
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In experiment 1, 2 SBM samples from 2 different sources were subjected to porcine in vitro gastric degradation to determine the effects of protease (at 15,000 U/kg of feedstuff) on degradation of the soybean allergenic proteins. In experiment 2, 48 weaned pigs (body weight = 6.66 kg) were obtained in 2 batches of 24 pigs each. Pigs were individually housed in metabolic crates and fed 4 diets (12 pigs/diet). The diets were corn-based diet with SBM 1 or SBM 2 without or with protease at 15,000 U/kg of diet in 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Diets were fed for 10 d and pigs were sacrificed on day 10 for measurement of small intestinal histomorphology, permeability of small intestine mounted in Ussing chambers, and serum concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Two SBM sources (SBM 1 and SBM 2) contained 46.9% or 47.7% CP, 14.0% or 14.6% glycinin, and 9.90% or 10.3% \u03B2-conglycinin, respectively. Protease and SBM source did not interact on any of the response criteria measured in the current study. Protease supplementation tended to increase (P = 0.069) the in vitro gastric degradation of glycinin. Protease supplementation tended to reduce (P = 0.099) fluorescein isothiocyanate dextran 4,000 Da (which is a marker probe for intestinal permeability) flow in jejunum, and reduced (P = 0.037) serum TNF-\u03B1 concentration. Protease did not affect small intestinal histomorphology. In conclusion, protease tended to increase gastric degradation of glycinin and reduce gut permeability, and serum concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines, indicating that the protease used in the current study can be added to SBM-based diets for weanling pigs to improve gut health.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"350","ClassID":"15","Title":"\u80E1\u6625\u534E\u526F\u603B\u7406\uFF1A\u52A0\u5FEB\u6062\u590D\u751F\u732A\u751F\u4EA7\uFF0C\u5065\u5168\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u4F53\u7CFB","SubTitle":"\u80E1\u6625\u534E\u526F\u603B\u7406\uFF1A\u52A0\u5FEB\u6062\u590D\u751F\u732A\u751F\u4EA7\uFF0C\u5065\u5168\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u4F53\u7CFB","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"12\u67081\u65E5\uFF0C\u56FD\u52A1\u9662\u526F\u603B\u7406\u80E1\u6625\u534E\u4EBA\u6C11\u65E5\u62A5\u64B0\u6587\u79F0\uFF0C\u201C\u5341\u56DB\u4E94\u201D\u65F6\u671F\uFF0C\u6211\u56FD\u519C\u4E1A\u53D1\u5C55\u9762\u4E34\u7684\u5916\u90E8\u73AF\u5883\u66F4\u52A0\u590D\u6742\u53D8\u5316\uFF0C\u8FD9\u5C31\u9700\u8981\u628A\u9AD8\u8D28\u91CF\u53D1\u5C55\u8D2F\u7A7F\u59CB\u7EC8\uFF0C\u5B88\u7262\u56FD\u5BB6\u7CAE\u98DF\u5B89\u5168\u5E95\u7EBF\uFF0C\u575A\u5B9A\u4E0D\u79FB\u63A8\u8FDB\u519C\u4E1A\u4F9B\u7ED9\u4FA7\u7ED3\u6784\u6027\u6539\u9769\uFF0C\u63A8\u52A8\u519C\u4E1A\u63D0\u8D28\u589E\u6548\uFF0C\u52A0\u5FEB\u519C\u4E1A\u73B0\u4EE3\u5316\u3002\u5927\u529B\u53D1\u5C55\u73B0\u4EE3\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\uFF0C\u52A0\u5FEB\u6062\u590D\u751F\u732A\u751F\u4EA7\uFF0C\u5065\u5168\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u4F53\u7CFB\u3002
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\n

\n\t
\n

\n3
\n \u63A8\u52A8\u519C\u6751\u4E00\u4E8C\u4E09\u4EA7\u4E1A\u878D\u5408\u53D1\u5C55\n

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\n
\n\t

\n\t\t \u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u4EBA\u6C11\u65E5\u62A5\n\t
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\n\t\"\"\n
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\n
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\n

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\n
\n\u54AC\u5C3E\u7684\u53D1\u751F\u53CA\u5176\u751F\u7406\u57FA\u7840
\n

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\n\u54AC\u5C3E\u884C\u4E3A\u4E3B\u8981\u89C1\u4E8E\u7FA4\u517B\u7684\u751F\u957F\u732A\uFF0C\u54AC\u5C3E\u5F00\u59CB\u65F6\u662F\u4E00\u5934\u732A\u628A\u53E6\u4E00\u5934\u732A\u7684\u5C3E\u5DF4\u653E\u8FDB\u81EA\u5DF1\u7684\u5634\u91CC\u8F7B\u54AC\u3001\u73A9\u800D\uFF0C\u800C\u88AB\u54AC\u8005\u5219\u4F1A\u5FCD\u53D7\u5176\u884C\u4E3A\u3002\u4F46\u5F88\u5FEB\u5C31\u4F1A\u51FA\u73B0\u4E25\u91CD\u7684\u95EE\u9898\uFF0C\u968F\u7740\u4F53\u91CD\u7684\u589E\u957F\uFF0C\u4E2A\u522B\u5174\u594B\u7684\u732A\u5F80\u5F80\u7528\u529B\u8FC7\u5927\u3002\u5C06\u5C3E\u5C16\u54AC\u7834\u6216\u54AC\u65AD\uFF0C\u88AB\u54AC\u5C3E\u5DF4\u5C31\u4F1A\u53D7\u4F24\u5E76\u5F00\u59CB\u6D41\u8840\uFF0C\u7136\u540E\u5C31\u4F1A\u5F15\u53D1\u5176\u5B83\u732A\u5BF9\u5176\u5C3E\u5DF4\u548C\u54AC\u5C3E\u7684\u5174\u8DA3\uFF0C\u5F53\u5C3E\u5DF4\u8FDE\u6839\u54AC\u6389\u65F6\uFF0C\u732A\u5C31\u5F00\u59CB\u54AC\u8EAB\u4F53\u7684\u5176\u5B83\u90E8\u4F4D\u3002
\n\u53D7\u4F24\u7684\u732A\u53D8\u5F97\u987A\u4ECE\uFF0C\u884C\u4E3A\u6CAE\u4E27\uFF0C\u88AB\u54AC\u65F6\u4E5F\u53CD\u5E94\u8FDF\u949D\u3002\u4F24\u53E3\u5F00\u59CB\u6C61\u67D3\uFF0C\u5BFC\u81F4\u732A\u540E\u817F\u548C\u81C0\u90E8\u53CA\u6574\u4E2A\u810A\u690E\u708E\u75C7\u53D1\u751F\uFF0C\u4E8C\u6B21\u611F\u67D3\u5C06\u9020\u6210\u80BA\u3001\u80BE\u3001\u5173\u8282\u548C\u5176\u5B83\u90E8\u4F4D\u7684\u708E\u75C7\uFF0C\u6700\u7EC8\u5BFC\u81F4\u53D7\u4F24\u732A\u7684\u6B7B\u4EA1\u3002\u54AC\u5C3E\u4E0D\u4EC5\u5BF9\u732A\u53EA\u7684\u5065\u5EB7\u6784\u6210\u5A01\u80C1\uFF0C\u8FD8\u4F1A\u5BF9\u751F\u4EA7\u7BA1\u7406\u548C\u7ECF\u6D4E\u65B9\u9762\u9020\u6210\u4E25\u91CD\u5F71\u54CD\u3002
\n\u5E94\u6FC0\u53CA\u54AC\u5C3E\u7684\u9632\u6CBB
\n\u524D\u9762\u63D0\u5230\uFF0C\u9AD8\u5EA6\u96C6\u7EA6\u5316\u517B\u732A\u751F\u4EA7\u4E2D\u5B58\u5728\u7740\u8BB8\u591A\u5E94\u6FC0\u56E0\u7D20\uFF0C\u5E38\u5E38\u5BFC\u81F4\u732A\u53EA\u5904\u4E8E\u5E94\u6FC0\u72B6\u6001\uFF0C\u53D1\u751F\u975E\u7279\u5F02\u6027\u7684\u5E94\u6FC0\u53CD\u5E94\uFF0C\u800C\u54AC\u5C3E\u884C\u4E3A\u7684\u53D1\u751F\u5219\u662F\u5904\u4E8E\u5E94\u6FC0\u72B6\u6001\u4E0B\u7684\u732A\u53EA\u4E34\u5E8A\u75C7\u72B6\u7684\u5177\u4F53\u8868\u73B0\u3002\u53EF\u89C1\uFF0C\u5728\u5BFC\u81F4\u732A\u53EA\u4EA7\u751F\u5E94\u6FC0\u53CD\u5E94\u7684\u56E0\u7D20\u4E2D\uFF0C\u6709\u4E9B(\u4F46\u5E76\u4E0D\u662F\u6240\u6709\u7684\u5E94\u6FC0\u56E0\u7D20)\u5F80\u5F80\u4E5F\u80FD\u5F15\u53D1\u732A\u53EA\u7684\u54AC\u5C3E\u884C\u4E3A\uFF1B\u53CD\u8FC7\u6765\u5219\u53EF\u8BA4\u4E3A\uFF0C\u53D1\u751F\u54AC\u5C3E\u884C\u4E3A\u7684\u732A\u53EA\u5FC5\u7136\u5904\u4E8E\u5E94\u6FC0\u72B6\u6001\u3002\u4E0B\u9762\u4ECE\u8425\u517B\u56E0\u7D20\u51FA\u53D1\uFF0C\u8BD5\u56FE\u901A\u8FC7\u6539\u5584\u732A\u53EA\u7684\u751F\u5B58\u73AF\u5883\uFF0C\u6765\u51CF\u5C0F\u6216\u9884\u9632\u5E94\u6FC0\u53CD\u5E94\u548C\u54AC\u5C3E\u884C\u4E3A\u7684\u53D1\u751F\u3002
\n\u8425\u517B\u56E0\u7D20
\n\u73B0\u4EE3\u96C6\u7EA6\u5316\u517B\u732A\u751F\u4EA7\u4E2D\uFF0C\u901A\u5E38\u9972\u517B\u7684\u732A\u79CD\u751F\u957F\u901F\u5EA6\u90FD\u6BD4\u8F83\u5FEB\uFF0C\u4EE3\u8C22\u5F3A\u5EA6\u5927\uFF0C\u5BF9\u8425\u517B\u7269\u8D28\u7684\u9700\u6C42\u9AD8\uFF0C\u800C\u5708\u517B\u3001\u6C34\u6CE5\u5730\u9762\u3001\u4E0D\u653E\u7267\u3001\u4E0D\u89C1\u5929\u65E5\u7F3A\u5C11\u65E5\u5149\u7167\u5C04\u7684\u5C01\u95ED\u5F0F\u9972\u517B\u65B9\u5F0F\uFF0C\u9650\u5236\u4E86\u732A\u53EA\u4ECE\u73AF\u5883\u4E2D\u83B7\u53D6\u8425\u517B\u7269\u8D28\uFF0C\u4F7F\u65E5\u7CAE\u6210\u4E3A\u5B83\u4EEC\u6444\u53D6\u8425\u517B\u7684\u552F\u4E00\u6765\u6E90\u3002\u751F\u4EA7\u4E0A\u901A\u5E38\u4F7F\u7528\u7684\u662F\u5168\u4EF7\u914D\u5408\u9972\u6599\uFF0C\u662F\u6839\u636E\u732A\u53EA\u5404\u4E2A\u751F\u957F\u548C\u751F\u7406\u9636\u6BB5\u7684\u8425\u517B\u9700\u8981\u91CF\u8FDB\u884C\u914D\u5236\uFF0C\u53D7\u732A\u79CD\u3001\u751F\u957F\u901F\u5EA6\u3001\u91C7\u98DF\u7A7A\u95F4\u3001\u6E29\u6E7F\u73AF\u5883\u3001\u75BE\u75C5\u7B49\u4F17\u591A\u56E0\u7D20\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u914D\u5236\u51FA\u6765\u7684\u65E5\u7CAE\u8981\u6B63\u597D\u6EE1\u8DB3\u732A\u53EA\u7684\u8425\u517B\u9700\u6C42\u5E76\u975E\u6613\u4E8B\u3002
\n\u56E0\u6B64\uFF0C\u914D\u5236\u65E5\u7CAE\u65F6\uFF0C\u4E00\u5B9A\u8981\u6CE8\u610F\u5BB9\u6613\u5F15\u8D77\u7F3A\u4E4F\u53C8\u4E0E\u8425\u517B\u7269\u8D28\u4EE3\u8C22\u5BC6\u5207\u76F8\u5173\u7684\u7EF4\u751F\u7D20\uFF08\u4F8B\u5982\u7EF4\u751F\u7D20A\u3001D\u3001E\uFF09\u3001\u5FAE\u91CF\u5143\u7D20\uFF08\u4F8B\u5982\u94DC\u3001\u94C1\u3001\u9530\u3001\u950C\u3001\u9541\u3001\u7852\uFF09\u548C\u5E38\u91CF\u5143\u7D20\uFF08\u4F8B\u5982\u9499\u3001\u78F7\u3001\u94A0\uFF09\u7684\u542B\u91CF\uFF0C\u6B64\u5916\u8FD8\u5E94\u8003\u8651\u9972\u6599\u539F\u6599\u7684\u53EF\u6D88\u5316\u6027\u548C\u5185\u5728\u54C1\u8D28\uFF0C\u86CB\u767D\u6C34\u5E73\u8981\u9002\u5B9C\uFF0C\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\u8981\u5E73\u8861\uFF0C\u4E0D\u8981\u4F7F\u7528\u9709\u53D8\u9972\u6599\uFF0C\u53EF\u9002\u5F53\u63D0\u9AD8\u65E5\u7CAE\u7684\u7EA4\u7EF4\u542B\u91CF\u6216\u5728\u5168\u4EF7\u6599\u5916\u63D0\u4F9B\u9752\u7EFF\u9972\u6599\u4F9B\u7ED9\u732A\u53EA\u968F\u610F\u5480\u56BC\uFF0C\u5728\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E2D\u5C11\u7528\u6216\u4E0D\u8981\u957F\u671F\u6DFB\u52A0\u6297\u751F\u7D20\u836F\u7269\u3002
\n
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\n
\n 10\u670830\u65E5\uFF0C\u201C\u5B89\u4E18\u53D1\u5E03\u201D\u5FAE\u4FE1\u516C\u53F7\u53D1\u5E03\u5173\u4E8E\u8BF7\u6709\u5173\u5E02\u6C11\u81EA\u89C9\u8FDB\u884C\u6838\u9178\u68C0\u6D4B\u7684\u901A\u544A\u3002\u901A\u544A\u8868\u793A\uFF0C\u56E0\u70DF\u53F0\u51B7\u94FE\u98DF\u54C1\u4E2D\u4E00\u6279\u5916\u5305\u88C5\u6838\u9178\u68C0\u6D4B\u5448\u9633\u6027\u7684\u5DF4\u897F\u8FDB\u53E3\u51BB\u732A\u8089\u6D41\u5165\u5B89\u4E18\u5E02\uFF0C\u4E3A\u786E\u4FDD\u5E7F\u5927\u4EBA\u6C11\u7FA4\u4F17\u7684\u8EAB\u4F53\u5065\u5EB7\uFF0C\u8BF710\u67084\u65E5-6\u65E5\u5230\u946B\u725B\u5E02\u573A\u201C\u76DB\u946B\u8089\u54C1\u6279\u96F6\u4E2D\u5FC3\u201D\u8D2D\u4E70\u732A\u8089\u7684\u5E02\u6C11\u53CA\u5176\u5BB6\u4EBA\u7B2C\u4E00\u65F6\u95F4\u4E3B\u52A8\u5411\u6240\u5C5E\u793E\u533A(\u6751\u7EC4)\u548C\u5355\u4F4D\u767B\u8BB0\u62A5\u5907\uFF0C\u540C\u65F6\u505A\u597D\u81EA\u6211\u5065\u5EB7\u89C2\u5BDF;\u91C7\u53D6\u201C\u70B9\u5BF9\u70B9\u201D\u65B9\u5F0F\u7EDF\u4E00\u7EC4\u7EC7\u5230\u5E02\u653F\u5E9C\u62DB\u5F85\u6240\u8FDB\u884C\u6838\u9178\u68C0\u6D4B\u3002\u4E2A\u4EBA\u7533\u62A5\u548C\u5355\u4F4D\u6478\u6392\u5DE5\u4F5C\u52A1\u5FC5\u4E8E\u4ECA\u665A10\u70B9\u524D\u5B8C\u6210\u3002
\n
\n \u540C\u65E5\uFF0C\u5C71\u4E1C\u7701\u4E73\u5C71\u5E02\u4EBA\u6C11\u653F\u5E9C\u65B0\u95FB\u529E\u516C\u5BA4\u5B98\u65B9\u5FAE\u4FE1\u4E5F\u53D1\u5E03\u6D88\u606F\u79F0\uFF0C10\u670829\u65E5\uFF0C\u4E73\u5C71\u5E02\u5728\u8FDB\u53E3\u51B7\u94FE\u98DF\u54C1\u5E38\u89C4\u62BD\u68C0\u4E2D\uFF0C\u53D1\u73B01\u4EFD\u5916\u5730\u9500\u5F80\u4E73\u5C71\u5E02\u7684\u8FDB\u53E3\u51B7\u51BB\u732A\u8089\u5236\u54C1\u53CA\u5916\u5305\u88C5\u6807\u672C\u65B0\u51A0\u75C5\u6BD2\u6838\u9178\u68C0\u6D4B\u5448\u9633\u6027\u3002
\n
\n \u636E\u8BB0\u8005\u4E0D\u5B8C\u5168\u7EDF\u8BA1\uFF0C\u8FDB\u53E3\u5DF4\u897F\u51B7\u94FE\u98DF\u54C1\u5DF2\u51FA\u73B04\u6B21\u9633\u6027\u60C5\u51B5\uFF0C\u5305\u62EC\u732A\u8089\u3001\u725B\u8089\u3001\u9E21\u8089\u3001\u5E26\u9C7C\u3002
\n
\n 10\u67081\u65E5\uFF0C\u636E\u6D77\u5173\u603B\u7F72\u7F51\u7AD9\u6D88\u606F\uFF0C\u56E0\u4ECE\u5DF4\u897F\u8FDB\u53E31\u6279\u51BB\u53BB\u9AA8\u725B\u80891\u4E2A\u5916\u5305\u88C5\u6837\u672C\u4E2D\u68C0\u51FA\u65B0\u51A0\u75C5\u6BD2\u6838\u9178\u9633\u6027\uFF0C\u6309\u7167\u6D77\u5173\u603B\u7F722020\u5E74\u7B2C103\u53F7\u516C\u544A\u7684\u89C4\u5B9A\uFF0C\u5168\u56FD\u6D77\u5173\u81EA\u5373\u65E5\u8D77\u6682\u505C\u63A5\u53D7\u5DF4\u897FMINERVA S.A(\u6CE8\u518C\u7F16\u53F7\u4E3ASIF421)\u725B\u8089\u4F01\u4E1A\u4EA7\u54C1\u8FDB\u53E3\u7533\u62A51\u5468\uFF0C\u671F\u6EE1\u540E\u81EA\u52A8\u6062\u590D\u3002
\n
\n 9\u670825\u65E5\uFF0C\u636E\u6D77\u5173\u603B\u7F72\u7F51\u7AD9\u6D88\u606F\uFF0C\u56E0\u4ECE\u5DF4\u897F\u8FDB\u53E31\u6279\u51BB\u5E26\u9C7C1\u4E2A\u5185\u5305\u88C5\u6837\u672C\u68C0\u51FA\u65B0\u51A0\u75C5\u6BD2\u6838\u9178\u9633\u6027\uFF0C\u6839\u636E\u6D77\u5173\u603B\u7F72\u516C\u544A2020\u5E74\u7B2C103\u53F7\u7684\u89C4\u5B9A\uFF0C\u5168\u56FD\u6D77\u5173\u81EA2020\u5E749\u670826\u65E5\u8D77\u6682\u505C\u63A5\u53D7\u5DF4\u897FMONTEIRO INDUSTRIAL DE PESCADOS LTDA(\u6CE8\u518C\u7F16\u53F7\u4E3ASIF3218)\u6C34\u4EA7\u54C1\u751F\u4EA7\u4F01\u4E1A\u4EA7\u54C1\u8FDB\u53E3\u7533\u62A51\u5468\uFF0C\u671F\u6EE1\u540E\u81EA\u52A8\u6062\u590D\u3002
\n
\n 8\u670813\u65E5\uFF0C\u636E\u6DF1\u5733\u5E02\u75AB\u60C5\u9632\u63A7\u6307\u6325\u90E8\u529E\u516C\u5BA4\u6D88\u606F\uFF0C\u6DF1\u5733\u5E02\u9F99\u5C97\u533A11\u65E5\u5BF9\u8FDB\u53E3\u51B7\u94FE\u98DF\u54C1\u6392\u67E5\u68C0\u6D4B\u3002\u7ECF\u590D\u6838\uFF0C\u53D1\u73B01\u4EFD\u4ECE\u5DF4\u897F\u8FDB\u53E3\u7684\u51BB\u9E21\u7FC5(\u6CE8\u518C\u53F7\uFF1ASIF601;\u6279\u53F7\uFF1A7720051522)\u8868\u9762\u6837\u54C1\u65B0\u51A0\u75C5\u6BD2\u6838\u9178\u68C0\u6D4B\u7ED3\u679C\u5448\u9633\u6027\u3002
\n
\n \u6B64\u524D\uFF0C\u5DF2\u53D1\u751F16\u8D77\u8FDB\u53E3\u51B7\u94FE\u51BB\u54C1\u68C0\u51FA\u65B0\u51A0\u75C5\u6BD2\u9633\u6027\uFF0C\u800C\u8FD9\u6B21\u662F\u9996\u6B21\u5728\u732A\u8089\u5236\u54C1\u4E2D\u68C0\u51FA\u75C5\u6BD2\u3002\u800C\u9752\u5C9B\u5E02\u526F\u5E02\u957F\u683E\u65B0\u5728\u65B0\u95FB\u53D1\u5E03\u4F1A\u4E0A\u66FE\u8868\u793A\uFF0C\u75AB\u60C5\u6EAF\u6E90\u9996\u6B21\u8BC1\u660E\u65B0\u51A0\u75C5\u6BD2\u53EF\u7531\u7269\u4F20\u4EBA\uFF0C\u65B0\u51A0\u75C5\u6BD2\u51B7\u51BB\u4E0B\u53EF\u957F\u671F\u5B58\u6D3B\u3002
\n
\n
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\n\u8BD5\u9A8C\u9009\u7528\u603B\u5171132\u5934\u732A\uFF08\u521D\u91CD= 7.23kg\uFF09\u572821\u65E5\u9F84\u65AD\u5976\u5E76\u5582\u98DF\u4E867\u5929\u65E0\u6297\u751F\u7D20\u9972\u6599\uFF0C\u6839\u636E\u4F53\u91CD\u5206\u621033\u5708\uFF0C\u6BCF\u57084\u5934\u732A\uFF08\u53BB\u52BF\u516C\u732A\u6216\u5C0F\u6BCD\u732A\uFF09\u3002\u6BCF\u79CD\u65E5\u7CAE\u9972\u558211\u4E2A\u5708\u3002 \u65E5\u7CAE\u4E3A\u7389\u7C73\u8C46\u7C95\u578B\u57FA\u7840\u65E5\u7CAE\u3001\u590D\u5408\u9176\u5236\u5242A\u7EC4\uFF08\u6BCF\u516C\u65A4\u65E5\u7CAE\u63D0\u4F9B\u6728\u805A\u7CD6\u91764000U\uFF0C\u03B2-\u8461\u805A\u7CD6\u91763500U\uFF0C\u6DC0\u7C89\u9176A 1500U\uFF09\u548C\u590D\u5408\u9176\u5236\u5242B\u7EC4\uFF08\u6DC0\u7C89\u9176B 150U\uFF0C\u5176\u5B83\u9176\u5236\u5242\u540CA\u7EC4\uFF09\u3002\u6240\u6709\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0\u690D\u9178\u91761000 U/kg\u3002
\n\u65E5\u7CAE\u9972\u5582\u4E24\u4E2A\u9636\u6BB5\uFF0C\u517135\u5929\uFF0C\u9636\u6BB5\u4E00\u4E3A14\u5929\uFF0C\u9636\u6BB5\u4E8C\u4E3A21\u5929\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u5F00\u59CB\u540E\u7684\u524D7\u5929\uFF0C\u6BCF\u5929\u8BB0\u5F55\u7CAA\u4FBF\u8BC4\u5206\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u7B2C2\u30017\u300114\u300135\u5929\uFF0C\u4ECE\u6BCF\u5708\u7684\u4E00\u5934\u732A\u76F4\u80A0\u5185\u53D6\u7CAA\u4FBF\u6837\u54C1\uFF0C\u68C0\u6D4B\u5FAE\u751F\u7269\u7EC4\u6210\uFF0C\u8BD5\u9A8C\u7B2C41\u300142\u5929\u6536\u96C6\u7CAA\u4FBF\u68C0\u6D4B\u517B\u5206\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u3002
\n\u590D\u5408\u9176B\u7EC4\u663E\u8457\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u9636\u6BB5\u4E00\u548C\u9636\u6BB5\u4E8C\u7684\u65E5\u589E\u91CD\uFF08P\uFF1C0.05\uFF09\u3002\u5168\u671F\u6765\u770B\uFF0C\u590D\u5408\u9176B\u5C06\u65E5\u589E\u91CD\u4ECE262\u63D0\u9AD8\u5230313g\uFF0C\u5E73\u5747\u91C7\u98DF\u91CF\u4ECE419\u63D0\u9AD8\u5230504g\uFF08P\uFF1C0.05\uFF09\u3002\u590D\u5408\u9176A\u7EC4\u5C06\u65E5\u589E\u91CD\u63D0\u9AD8\u81F3290g\uFF08P\uFF1C0.05\uFF09\uFF0C\u4F46\u662F\u5BF9\u91C7\u98DF\u91CF\u6CA1\u6709\u663E\u8457\u5F71\u54CD\u3002\u590D\u5408\u9176\u5236\u5242A\u548CB\u5BF9\u603B\u80FD\u5168\u80A0\u9053\u8868\u89C2\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u65E0\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u4F46\u662F\u5C06\u7C97\u8102\u80AA\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u4ECE30%\u63D0\u9AD8\u81F336%\u300137%\u3002\u590D\u5408\u9176\u5236\u5242A\u4E0D\u5F71\u54CD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u8BC4\u5206\uFF0C\u4F46\u662F\u590D\u5408\u9176\u5236\u5242B\u6709\u964D\u4F4E\u7CAA\u4FBF\u8BC4\u5206\u7684\u8D8B\u52BF\uFF08P=0.09\uFF09\uFF0C\u8BF4\u660E\u5176\u6709\u964D\u4F4E\u8179\u6CFB\u7684\u8D8B\u52BF\u3002\u786C\u58C1\u83CC\u95E8\u662F\u7CAA\u4FBF\u4E2D\u7EC6\u83CC\u6700\u4E30\u5BCC\u7684\u95E8\uFF08\u5176\u76F8\u5BF9\u4E30\u5EA6\u4E3A58\uFF05\u81F372\uFF05\uFF09\u3002 \u62DF\u6746\u83CC\u548C\u653E\u7EBF\u83CC\u662F\u7CAA\u4FBF\u7EC6\u83CC\u7684\u7B2C\u4E8C\u5927\u548C\u7B2C\u4E09\u5927\u95E8\u3002 \u4E24\u79CD\u590D\u5408\u9176\u5747\u4E0D\u5F71\u54CD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u7EC6\u83CC\u7EC4\u6210\u3002
\n\u603B\u4E4B\uFF0C\u7389\u7C73\u8C46\u7C95\u578B\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0\u590D\u5408\u9176A\u6216\u590D\u5408\u9176B\u53EF\u4EE5\u63D0\u9AD8\u65AD\u5976\u4ED4\u732A\u7684\u751F\u957F\u6027\u80FD\u548C\u8102\u80AA\u6D88\u5316\u7387\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E14\u590D\u5408\u9176B\u7684\u6548\u7387\u9AD8\u4E8E\u590D\u5408\u9176A\u3002
\n
\nGrowth performance, nutrient digestibility, and fecal microbial composition of weaned pigs fed multi-enzyme supplemented diets
\nA study determined the effects of supplementing corn-based diets for weaned pigs with multi-enzymes on growth performance, apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of nutrients, fecal score, and fecal microbial composition. A total of 132 pigs (initial body weight = 7.23 kg) that had been weaned at 21 d of age and fed a drug-free nursery diet for 7 d were housed in 33 pens of 4 barrows or gilts, blocked by body weight and gender, and fed 3 experimental diets at 11 pens per diet. The diets were corn-based diet without or with multi-enzyme A or B. Multi-enzyme A supplied 4,000 U of xylanase, 150 U of \u03B2-glucanase, 3,500 U of protease, and 1,500 U of amylase per kilogram of diet. Multi-enzyme B was the same as multi-enzyme A except that it supplied amylase at 150 U/kg, and that its source of amylase was different from that of multi-enzyme A. All diets contained phytase at 1,000 U/kg. The diets were fed for 35 d in 2 phases; phase 1 for the first 14 d and phase 2 for the last 21 d of the trial. Fecal score was determined daily during the first 7 d of the trial. Fecal samples were collected from rectum of 1 pig per pen on days 2, 7, 14, and 35 of the trial for determining bacterial composition. Also, fresh fecal samples were collected from each pen on days 41 and 42 to determine ATTD of nutrients. Multi-enzyme B increased (P < 0.05) average daily gain (ADG) for phases 1 and 2. For the overall study period, multi-enzyme B increased (P < 0.05) ADG from 262 to 313 g, and average daily feed intake (ADFI) from 419 to 504 g. Multi-enzyme A increased (P < 0.05) overall ADG from 262 to 290 g, but did not affect ADFI. Multi-enzyme A or B did not affect ATTD of gross energy, but increased (P < 0.05) the ATTD of ether extract from 30% to 36% or 37%, respectively. Multi-enzyme A did not affect fecal score; however, multi-enzyme B tended to decrease (P = 0.09) fecal score, implying that it tended to decrease diarrhea. Firmicutes were the most abundant phylum of fecal bacteria (its relative abundance ranged from 58% to 72%). Bacteroidetes and Actinobacteria were the 2nd and 3rd most abundant phyla of fecal bacteria. Neither multi-enzyme affected fecal bacterial composition. In conclusion, the addition of multi-enzyme A or B to phytase-supplemented corn-based diet for weaned pigs can improve their growth performance and fat digestibility. However, multi-enzyme B was more effective than multi-enzyme A in terms of improving the growth performance of weaned pigs fed corn-based diet.
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A total of 132 pigs (initial body weight = 7.23 kg) that had been weaned at 21 d of age and fed a drug-free nursery diet for 7 d were housed in 33 pens of 4 barrows or gilts, blocked by body weight and gender, and fed 3 experimental diets at 11 pens per diet. The diets were corn-based diet without or with multi-enzyme A or B. Multi-enzyme A supplied 4,000 U of xylanase, 150 U of \u03B2-glucanase, 3,500 U of protease, and 1,500 U of amylase per kilogram of diet. Multi-enzyme B was the same as multi-enzyme A except that it supplied amylase at 150 U/kg, and that its source of amylase was different from that of multi-enzyme A. All diets contained phytase at 1,000 U/kg. The diets were fed for 35 d in 2 phases; phase 1 for the first 14 d and phase 2 for the last 21 d of the trial. Fecal score was determined daily during the first 7 d of the trial. Fecal samples were collected from rectum of 1 pig per pen on days 2, 7, 14, and 35 of the trial for determining bacterial composition. Also, fresh fecal samples were collected from each pen on days 41 and 42 to determine ATTD of nutrients. Multi-enzyme B increased (P < 0.05) average daily gain (ADG) for phases 1 and 2. For the overall study period, multi-enzyme B increased (P < 0.05) ADG from 262 to 313 g, and average daily feed intake (ADFI) from 419 to 504 g. Multi-enzyme A increased (P < 0.05) overall ADG from 262 to 290 g, but did not affect ADFI. Multi-enzyme A or B did not affect ATTD of gross energy, but increased (P < 0.05) the ATTD of ether extract from 30% to 36% or 37%, respectively. Multi-enzyme A did not affect fecal score; however, multi-enzyme B tended to decrease (P = 0.09) fecal score, implying that it tended to decrease diarrhea. Firmicutes were the most abundant phylum of fecal bacteria (its relative abundance ranged from 58% to 72%). Bacteroidetes and Actinobacteria were the 2nd and 3rd most abundant phyla of fecal bacteria. Neither multi-enzyme affected fecal bacterial composition. In conclusion, the addition of multi-enzyme A or B to phytase-supplemented corn-based diet for weaned pigs can improve their growth performance and fat digestibility. However, multi-enzyme B was more effective than multi-enzyme A in terms of improving the growth performance of weaned pigs fed corn-based diet.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"333","ClassID":"21","Title":"\u5DE7\u7528\u516D\u62DB\u517B\u732A\uFF0C\u4F4E\u6210\u672C\u517B\u732A\u5F88\u5BB9\u6613\uFF01","SubTitle":"\u5DE7\u7528\u516D\u62DB\u517B\u732A\uFF0C\u4F4E\u6210\u672C\u517B\u732A\u5F88\u5BB9\u6613\uFF01","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"

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\n
\nIncreasing dietary tryptophan in conjunction with decreasing other large neutral amino acids increases weight gain and feed intake in weaner pigs regardless of experimental infection with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli
\nDietary tryptophan (Trp) is a precursor for serotonin, a neuromediator involved in stress responses. Tryptophan competes with other large neutral amino acids (LNAA: tyrosine, isoleucine, leucine, valine, and phenylalanine) to cross the blood\u2013brain barrier; therefore, the regulation of circulating LNAA can influence Trp availability in the cortex and serotonin biosynthesis. The hypothesis examined in this study was that increased supplementation of dietary Trp and a reduction in LNAA for weaned pigs experimentally infected with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC; F4) will increase Trp availability in plasma and reduce indices of the stress response, which will translate to reduced production losses. At 21 \u00B1 3 d of age (mean \u00B1 SEM), 96 male pigs (Large White \u00D7 Landrace) weighing 6.3 \u00B1 0.98 kg (mean \u00B1 SEM) were individually penned and allocated to a 4 \u00D7 2 factorial arrangement of treatments, with respective factors being 1) four dietary standardized ileal digestible (SID) Trp and LNAA contents, being HTrpHLNAA (Low Trp-High LNAA; 0.24% SID Trp: 5.4% SID LNAA), HTrpHLNAA (Low Trp-Low LNAA; 0.24% SID Trp: 4.6% SID LNAA), HTrpHLNAA (High Trp-High LNAA; 0.34% SID Trp: 5.4% SID LNAA), and HTrpHLNAA (High Trp-Low LNAA; 0.34% SID Trp: 4.6% SID LNAA), and 2) without/with ETEC infection. Pigs were orally infected with 0.8 mL (3.6 \u00D7 109 CFU/mL) ETEC at days 7 and 8 after weaning. Pigs fed diets high in Trp irrespective of the level of LNAA (HTrpHLNAA and HTrpLLNAA) had higher plasma Trp concentrations (P < 0.001) and a Trp:LNAA ratio (P < 0.001) before infection and 6 d after infection. Following infection, noninfected pigs had higher plasma Trp (P = 0.03) and a Trp:LNAA ratio (P = 0.004) compared with pigs infected with ETEC. Plasma cortisol levels after infection were higher in ETEC-infected pigs (P = 0.05) and altering dietary Trp and LNAA concentrations did not influence (P > 0.05) plasma cortisol. Pigs fed diet HTrpLLNAA had higher serum serotonin levels 24 h after infection (P = 0.02) compared with pigs fed diets LTrpLLNAA and HTrpHLNAA. Similarly, pigs fed diet HTrpLLNAA had a higher (P = 0.02) average daily gain during the 3-wk study. Overall, average daily feed intake tended to be higher in pigs fed an HTrpLLNAA diet compared with the other diets (P = 0.08). These results suggest that the increased supplementation of dietary Trp with reduced LNAA increased circulating Trp levels that, in turn, likely caused higher serum serotonin levels, irrespective of infection with ETEC, and improved aspects of post-weaning performance.
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dietary tryptophan in conjunction with decreasing other large neutral amino acids increases weight gain and feed intake in weaner pigs regardless of experimental infection with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli\nDietary tryptophan (Trp) is a precursor for serotonin, a neuromediator involved in stress responses. Tryptophan competes with other large neutral amino acids (LNAA: tyrosine, isoleucine, leucine, valine, and phenylalanine) to cross the blood\u2013brain barrier; therefore, the regulation of circulating LNAA can influence Trp availability in the cortex and serotonin biosynthesis. The hypothesis examined in this study was that increased supplementation of dietary Trp and a reduction in LNAA for weaned pigs experimentally infected with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC; F4) will increase Trp availability in plasma and reduce indices of the stress response, which will translate to reduced production losses. At 21 ± 3 d of age (mean ± SEM), 96 male pigs (Large White × Landrace) weighing 6.3 ± 0.98 kg (mean ± SEM) were individually penned and allocated to a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments, with respective factors being 1) four dietary standardized ileal digestible (SID) Trp and LNAA contents, being HTrpHLNAA (Low Trp-High LNAA; 0.24% SID Trp: 5.4% SID LNAA), HTrpHLNAA (Low Trp-Low LNAA; 0.24% SID Trp: 4.6% SID LNAA), HTrpHLNAA (High Trp-High LNAA; 0.34% SID Trp: 5.4% SID LNAA), and HTrpHLNAA (High Trp-Low LNAA; 0.34% SID Trp: 4.6% SID LNAA), and 2) without/with ETEC infection. Pigs were orally infected with 0.8 mL (3.6 × 109 CFU/mL) ETEC at days 7 and 8 after weaning. Pigs fed diets high in Trp irrespective of the level of LNAA (HTrpHLNAA and HTrpLLNAA) had higher plasma Trp concentrations (P < 0.001) and a Trp:LNAA ratio (P < 0.001) before infection and 6 d after infection. Following infection, noninfected pigs had higher plasma Trp (P = 0.03) and a Trp:LNAA ratio (P = 0.004) compared with pigs infected with ETEC. Plasma cortisol levels after infection were higher in ETEC-infected pigs (P = 0.05) and altering dietary Trp and LNAA concentrations did not influence (P > 0.05) plasma cortisol. Pigs fed diet HTrpLLNAA had higher serum serotonin levels 24 h after infection (P = 0.02) compared with pigs fed diets LTrpLLNAA and HTrpHLNAA. Similarly, pigs fed diet HTrpLLNAA had a higher (P = 0.02) average daily gain during the 3-wk study. Overall, average daily feed intake tended to be higher in pigs fed an HTrpLLNAA diet compared with the other diets (P = 0.08). These results suggest that the increased supplementation of dietary Trp with reduced LNAA increased circulating Trp levels that, in turn, likely caused higher serum serotonin levels, irrespective of infection with ETEC, and improved aspects of post-weaning performance.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"331","ClassID":"15","Title":"\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\uFF1A\u56DB\u5927\u63AA\u65BD\u6276\u6301\u4E2D\u5C0F\u517B\u6237\u53D1\u5C55\uFF0C9-12\u6708\u751F\u732A\u51FA\u680F\u5C06\u6BD4\u53BB\u5E74\u540C\u671F\u589E17.3%\uFF01","SubTitle":"\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\uFF1A\u56DB\u5927\u63AA\u65BD\u6276\u6301\u4E2D\u5C0F\u517B\u6237\u53D1\u5C55\uFF0C9-12\u6708\u751F\u732A\u51FA\u680F\u5C06\u6BD4\u53BB\u5E74\u540C\u671F\u589E17.3%\uFF01","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"\u8FD1\u65E5\uFF0C\u56FD\u52A1\u9662\u529E\u516C\u5385\u5370\u53D1\u300A\u5173\u4E8E\u4FC3\u8FDB\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u9AD8\u8D28\u91CF\u53D1\u5C55\u7684\u610F\u89C1\u300B\uFF0C\u63D0\u51FA\u201C\u53D1\u5C55\u9002\u5EA6\u89C4\u6A21\u7ECF\u8425\uFF0C\u6276\u6301\u4E2D\u5C0F\u517B\u6B96\u6237\u53D1\u5C55\u201D\u3002\u8BB0\u8005\u5C31\u76F8\u5173\u95EE\u9898\u91C7\u8BBF\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u755C\u7267\u517D\u533B\u5C40\u5C40\u957F\u6768\u632F\u6D77\uFF0C\u4ED6\u8868\u793A\u6709\u4FE1\u5FC3\u5B9E\u73B0\u5168\u5E74\u751F\u732A\u4EA7\u80FD\u57FA\u672C\u6062\u590D\u5230\u63A5\u8FD1\u5E38\u5E74\u6C34\u5E73\u7684\u76EE\u6807\u3002\u636E\u4E13\u5BB6\u6A21\u62DF\u7814\u5224\uFF0C\u4ECA\u5E749-12\u6708\u751F\u732A\u51FA\u680F\u5C06\u9010\u6708\u589E\u52A0\uFF0C\u5C06\u6BD4\u53BB\u5E74\u540C\u671F\u589E\u957F17.3%\uFF0C\u9884\u8BA1\u732A\u8089\u5E73\u5747\u4EF7\u683C\u4E5F\u5C06\u4F4E\u4E8E\u53BB\u5E74\u540C\u671F\u6C34\u5E73\u30029-12\u6708\u751F\u732A\u51FA\u680F\u5C06\u9010\u6708\u589E\u52A0\uFF0C\u5C06\u6BD4\u53BB\u5E74\u540C\u671F\u589E\u957F17.3%\u3002
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\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u8FD1\u5E74\u6765\uFF0C\u6211\u56FD\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u7EFC\u5408\u751F\u4EA7\u80FD\u529B\u4E0D\u65AD\u589E\u5F3A\uFF0C\u5728\u4FDD\u969C\u56FD\u5BB6\u98DF\u7269\u5B89\u5168\u3001\u7E41\u8363\u519C\u6751\u7ECF\u6D4E\u3001\u4FC3\u8FDB\u519C\u7267\u6C11\u589E\u6536\u7B49\u65B9\u9762\u53D1\u6325\u4E86\u91CD\u8981\u4F5C\u7528\u3002\u4F46\u662F\uFF0C\u5F53\u524D\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u53D1\u5C55\u9762\u4E34\u7740\u8D44\u6E90\u73AF\u5883\u7EA6\u675F\u8D8B\u7D27\uFF0C\u91CD\u5927\u52A8\u7269\u75AB\u75C5\u98CE\u9669\u548C\u5A01\u80C1\u52A0\u5927\u7B49\u65B0\u60C5\u51B5\uFF0C\u540C\u65F6\u652F\u6301\u4FDD\u969C\u4F53\u7CFB\u4E0D\u5065\u5168\u3001\u4EA7\u4E1A\u53D1\u5C55\u8D28\u91CF\u6548\u76CA\u4E0D\u9AD8\u3001\u62B5\u5FA1\u98CE\u9669\u80FD\u529B\u4E0D\u5F3A\u7B49\u8001\u95EE\u9898\u4E5F\u90FD\u8FD8\u5B58\u5728\uFF0C\u755C\u4EA7\u54C1\u7A33\u4EA7\u4FDD\u4F9B\u7684\u57FA\u7840\u4ECD\u4E0D\u7262\u56FA\u30022018-2019\u5E74\u751F\u732A\u4EA7\u80FD\u4E25\u91CD\u4E0B\u6ED1\uFF0C\u4F7F\u8FD9\u4E9B\u95EE\u9898\u96C6\u4E2D\u66B4\u9732\u51FA\u6765\u3002\u56FD\u5BB6\u53CA\u65F6\u51FA\u53F0\u4E86\u4E00\u5927\u6279\u542B\u91D1\u91CF\u9AD8\u3001\u9488\u5BF9\u6027\u5F3A\u7684\u653F\u7B56\u63AA\u65BD\uFF0C\u660E\u786E\u63D0\u51FA\u751F\u732A\u7A33\u4EA7\u4FDD\u4F9B\u7701\u8D1F\u603B\u8D23\uFF0C\u5C42\u5C42\u538B\u5B9E\u8D23\u4EFB\uFF0C\u751F\u732A\u751F\u4EA7\u5F97\u5230\u8F83\u5FEB\u6062\u590D\uFF0C\u732A\u8089\u4EF7\u683C\u6B63\u9010\u6B65\u8D8B\u7A33\u56DE\u843D\u3002\u5F53\u524D\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u53D1\u5C55\u7684\u603B\u4F53\u5F62\u52BF\u662F\u597D\u7684\uFF0C\u4F46\u8FD9\u4E00\u8F6E\u751F\u732A\u751F\u4EA7\u6CE2\u52A8\uFF0C\u7ED9\u4E86\u6211\u4EEC\u5F3A\u70C8\u7684\u8B66\u793A\uFF0C\u51F8\u663E\u51FA\u52A0\u5FEB\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u9AD8\u8D28\u91CF\u53D1\u5C55\u7684\u91CD\u8981\u6027\u3001\u7D27\u8FEB\u6027\u3002\u51FA\u53F0\u300A\u610F\u89C1\u300B\uFF0C\u5C31\u662F\u8981\u575A\u6301\u95EE\u9898\u5BFC\u5411\u548C\u76EE\u6807\u5BFC\u5411\uFF0C\u52A0\u5FEB\u8F6C\u53D8\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u53D1\u5C55\u65B9\u5F0F\uFF0C\u7A33\u5B9A\u548C\u5EF6\u7EED\u884C\u4E4B\u6709\u6548\u7684\u653F\u7B56\uFF0C\u521B\u8BBE\u9002\u5E94\u884C\u4E1A\u53D1\u5C55\u65B0\u5F62\u52BF\u7684\u653F\u7B56\u63AA\u65BD\uFF0C\u52AA\u529B\u4ECE\u6839\u672C\u4E0A\u6D88\u9664\u8089\u86CB\u5976\u751F\u4EA7\u4F9B\u5E94\u7684\u95EE\u9898\u9690\u60A3\uFF0C\u5168\u9762\u63D0\u5347\u755C\u4EA7\u54C1\u4F9B\u5E94\u5B89\u5168\u4FDD\u969C\u80FD\u529B\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u300A\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u5171\u5206\u4E3A6\u4E2A\u90E8\u520624\u6761\uFF0C\u660E\u786E\u4E86\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u53D1\u5C55\u7684\u6307\u5BFC\u601D\u60F3\u3001\u57FA\u672C\u539F\u5219\u3001\u53D1\u5C55\u76EE\u6807\uFF0C\u7A81\u51FA\u4E86\u63D0\u5347\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u6574\u4F53\u7D20\u8D28\u7684\u5173\u952E\u63AA\u65BD\uFF0C\u660E\u786E\u4E86\u7701\u7EA7\u4EBA\u6C11\u653F\u5E9C\u5BF9\u755C\u4EA7\u54C1\u7A33\u4EA7\u4FDD\u4F9B\u7684\u8D23\u4EFB\uFF0C\u662F\u6307\u5BFC\u4ECA\u540E\u4E00\u4E2A\u65F6\u671F\u6211\u56FD\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u53D1\u5C55\u7684\u7EB2\u9886\u6027\u6587\u4EF6\uFF0C\u5BF9\u4E8E\u4FDD\u969C\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u6301\u7EED\u5065\u5EB7\u53D1\u5C55\u5177\u6709\u91CD\u5927\u7684\u73B0\u5B9E\u610F\u4E49\u548C\u6DF1\u8FDC\u7684\u5386\u53F2\u610F\u4E49\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u300A\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u5BF9\u5065\u5168\u9972\u8349\u6599\u4F9B\u5E94\u4F53\u7CFB\u505A\u51FA\u4E86\u5177\u4F53\u90E8\u7F72\uFF0C\u4E0B\u4E00\u6B65\u5982\u4F55\u6293\u597D\u843D\u5B9E\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u5175\u9A6C\u672A\u52A8\uFF0C\u7CAE\u8349\u5148\u884C\u3002\u9972\u8349\u6599\u6210\u672C\u7EA6\u5360\u517B\u6B96\u6210\u672C\u768460%-70%\uFF0C\u63D0\u9AD8\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u7ADE\u4E89\u529B\uFF0C\u5FC5\u987B\u5EFA\u8BBE\u54C1\u7C7B\u66F4\u5168\u3001\u8D28\u91CF\u66F4\u4F18\u3001\u6548\u7387\u66F4\u9AD8\u7684\u9972\u8349\u6599\u4F9B\u5E94\u4F53\u7CFB\u3002\u4E0B\u4E00\u6B65\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u4E00\u65B9\u9762\u4EE5\u7CAE\u6539\u9972\u4E3A\u91CD\u8981\u6293\u624B\uFF0C\u52A0\u5FEB\u53D1\u5C55\u9972\u8349\u4EA7\u4E1A\uFF0C\u589E\u52A0\u4F18\u8D28\u9972\u8349\u4F9B\u7ED9\uFF0C\u8865\u9F50\u8349\u98DF\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u9AD8\u8D28\u91CF\u53D1\u5C55\u77ED\u677F\u3002\u53E6\u4E00\u65B9\u9762\uFF0C\u8981\u505A\u5927\u505A\u5F3A\u505A\u4F18\u9972\u6599\u5DE5\u4E1A\uFF0C\u7740\u529B\u589E\u5F3A\u9972\u6599\u539F\u6599\u4F9B\u7ED9\u4FDD\u969C\u80FD\u529B\u548C\u9972\u6599\u4EA7\u54C1\u8F6C\u5316\u6548\u7387\uFF0C\u4E3A\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u8282\u672C\u589E\u6548\u63D0\u4F9B\u66F4\u6709\u529B\u7684\u652F\u6491\u3002\u91CD\u70B9\u6293\u597D\u56DB\u4EF6\u4E8B\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E00\u662F\u5236\u5B9A\u5B9E\u65BD\u9972\u8349\u4EA7\u4E1A\u53D1\u5C55\u89C4\u5212\uFF0C\u4EE5\u5E02\u573A\u9700\u6C42\u4E3A\u5BFC\u5411\uFF0C\u4EE5\u5317\u65B9\u519C\u7267\u4EA4\u9519\u5E26\u4E3A\u91CD\u70B9\u533A\u57DF\uFF0C\u4EE5\u5168\u682A\u9752\u8D2E\u7389\u7C73\u3001\u82DC\u84FF\u3001\u71D5\u9EA6\u8349\u7B49\u4E3A\u4E3B\u5BFC\u54C1\u79CD\uFF0C\u7EDF\u7B79\u517C\u987E\u5176\u4ED6\u533A\u57DF\u548C\u5176\u4ED6\u9972\u8349\u54C1\u79CD\uFF0C\u52A0\u5FEB\u5EFA\u8BBE\u73B0\u4EE3\u5316\u7684\u9972\u8349\u4EA7\u4E1A\u4F53\u7CFB\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E8C\u662F\u7CFB\u7EDF\u5F00\u5C55\u9972\u6599\u8D44\u6E90\u8C03\u67E5\uFF0C\u79D1\u5B66\u8BC4\u4EF7\u5E38\u7528\u9972\u6599\u539F\u6599\u7684\u6709\u6548\u8425\u517B\u6210\u5206\uFF0C\u5065\u5168\u9972\u6599\u539F\u6599\u8425\u517B\u4EF7\u503C\u6570\u636E\u5E93\uFF0C\u4E3A\u7CBE\u51C6\u914D\u6599\u3001\u7CBE\u51C6\u7528\u6599\u521B\u9020\u66F4\u597D\u6761\u4EF6\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E09\u662F\u6DF1\u5165\u63A8\u8FDB\u201C\u653E\u7BA1\u670D\u201D\u6539\u9769\uFF0C\u4F18\u5316\u521B\u65B0\u73AF\u5883\uFF0C\u5F3A\u5316\u653F\u7B56\u652F\u6301\uFF0C\u5F15\u5BFC\u52A0\u5FEB\u751F\u7269\u9972\u6599\u3001\u5B89\u5168\u9AD8\u6548\u9972\u6599\u6DFB\u52A0\u5242\u7B49\u65B0\u6280\u672F\u7684\u7814\u53D1\u5E94\u7528\uFF0C\u4E3A\u9972\u6599\u4EA7\u54C1\u54C1\u8D28\u548C\u5229\u7528\u6548\u7387\u53CC\u63D0\u5347\u6CE8\u5165\u65B0\u52A8\u529B\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u56DB\u662F\u52A0\u5F3A\u6280\u672F\u96C6\u6210\u4E0E\u63A8\u5E7F\u670D\u52A1\uFF0C\u5F15\u5BFC\u9972\u6599\u4F01\u4E1A\u66F4\u597D\u7EDF\u7B79\u5229\u7528\u56FD\u9645\u56FD\u5185\u4E24\u4E2A\u5E02\u573A\u3001\u4E24\u79CD\u8D44\u6E90\uFF0C\u79EF\u6781\u63A8\u8FDB\u9972\u6599\u914D\u65B9\u7ED3\u6784\u591A\u5143\u5316\uFF0C\u7279\u522B\u662F\u4FC3\u8FDB\u7389\u7C73\u3001\u8C46\u7C95\u51CF\u91CF\u66FF\u4EE3\uFF0C\u589E\u5F3A\u9002\u5E94\u9972\u6599\u539F\u6599\u5E02\u573A\u6CE2\u52A8\u7684\u80FD\u529B\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u300A\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u660E\u786E\u63D0\u51FA\uFF0C\u8981\u5EFA\u7ACB\u5065\u5168\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u4F53\u7CFB\u3002\u8BF7\u95EE\u6211\u56FD\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u4F53\u7CFB\u5EFA\u8BBE\u73B0\u72B6\u5982\u4F55\uFF0C\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u548C\u6709\u5173\u90E8\u95E8\u4E0B\u4E00\u6B65\u5C06\u5982\u4F55\u843D\u5B9E\u300A\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u8981\u6C42\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A2018\u5E748\u6708\u975E\u6D32\u732A\u761F\u4F20\u5165\u6211\u56FD\u4E4B\u524D\uFF0C\u5404\u5730\u52A8\u7269\u75AB\u60C5\u5F62\u52BF\u76F8\u5BF9\u5E73\u7A33\uFF0C\u4E00\u4E9B\u5730\u65B9\u51FA\u73B0\u4E86\u5FFD\u89C6\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u5DE5\u4F5C\u7684\u503E\u5411\uFF0C\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u4F53\u7CFB\u6709\u6240\u5F31\u5316\u3002\u76EE\u524D\uFF0C\u4E09\u5206\u4E4B\u4E00\u4EE5\u4E0A\u7684\u7701\u4EFD\u64A4\u9500\u4E86\u7701\u7EA7\u52A8\u7269\u536B\u751F\u76D1\u7763\u673A\u6784\uFF0C\u7EA6\u4E94\u5206\u4E4B\u4E00\u7684\u53BF\u4E0D\u518D\u8BBE\u7ACB\u4E61\u9547\u755C\u7267\u517D\u533B\u7AD9\uFF0C\u201C\u804C\u80FD\u6DE1\u5316\u3001\u529B\u91CF\u5F31\u5316\u3001\u652F\u6301\u865A\u5316\u201D\u7B49\u95EE\u9898\u8F83\u4E3A\u7A81\u51FA\uFF0C\u91CD\u5927\u52A8\u7269\u75AB\u60C5\u53D1\u73B0\u62A5\u544A\u96BE\u3001\u53CA\u65F6\u5904\u7F6E\u96BE\uFF0C\u8FD9\u662F\u9632\u63A7\u5DE5\u4F5C\u7684\u91CD\u5927\u9690\u60A3\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E0B\u4E00\u6B65\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5C06\u4F1A\u540C\u6709\u5173\u90E8\u95E8\u6309\u7167\u300A\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u8981\u6C42\uFF0C\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u52A0\u5F3A\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u4F53\u7CFB\u5EFA\u8BBE\u3002\u4E00\u662F\u6307\u5BFC\u843D\u5B9E\u9632\u75AB\u8D23\u4EFB\u3002\u7763\u4FC3\u6307\u5BFC\u5404\u5730\u843D\u5B9E\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u5C5E\u5730\u7BA1\u7406\u8D23\u4EFB\uFF0C\u4F9D\u6258\u73B0\u6709\u673A\u6784\u7F16\u5236\u8D44\u6E90\uFF0C\u5EFA\u7ACB\u5065\u5168\u52A8\u7269\u536B\u751F\u76D1\u7763\u673A\u6784\u548C\u52A8\u7269\u75AB\u75C5\u9884\u9632\u63A7\u5236\u673A\u6784\u3002\u6307\u5BFC\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u3001\u8D29\u8FD0\u3001\u5C60\u5BB0\u52A0\u5DE5\u7B49\u5404\u73AF\u8282\u4ECE\u4E1A\u8005\uFF0C\u843D\u5B9E\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u4E3B\u4F53\u8D23\u4EFB\u3002\u4E8C\u662F\u592F\u5B9E\u57FA\u5C42\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u4EBA\u5458\u961F\u4F0D\u3002\u7EC4\u7EC7\u5B9E\u65BD\u4E61\u9547\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u7279\u8058\u8BA1\u5212\uFF0C\u901A\u8FC7\u653F\u5E9C\u8D2D\u4E70\u670D\u52A1\u7B49\u65B9\u5F0F\uFF0C\u4ECE\u79D1\u7814\u6559\u5B66\u5355\u4F4D\u4E00\u7EBF\u517D\u533B\u670D\u52A1\u4EBA\u5458\u3001\u4F01\u4E1A\u517D\u533B\u6280\u672F\u9AA8\u5E72\u3001\u6267\u4E1A\u517D\u533B\u3001\u4E61\u6751\u517D\u533B\u4E2D\u62DB\u52DF\u4E00\u6279\u7279\u8058\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u4E13\u5458\u3002\u4E09\u662F\u52A0\u5F3A\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u57FA\u7840\u8BBE\u65BD\u5EFA\u8BBE\u3002\u901A\u8FC7\u52A8\u690D\u7269\u4FDD\u62A4\u80FD\u529B\u63D0\u5347\u5DE5\u7A0B\u7B49\u6295\u8D44\u6E20\u9053\uFF0C\u52A0\u5F3A\u52A8\u7269\u75AB\u75C5\u9632\u63A7\u5B9E\u9A8C\u5BA4\u3001\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u4E13\u7528\u8BBE\u65BD\u3001\u8FB9\u5883\u76D1\u6D4B\u7AD9\u3001\u516C\u8DEF\u68C0\u67E5\u7AD9\u7B49\u57FA\u7840\u8BBE\u65BD\u5EFA\u8BBE\uFF0C\u63D0\u5347\u57FA\u5C42\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u786C\u4EF6\u6C34\u5E73\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u5C06\u5982\u4F55\u8D2F\u5F7B\u843D\u5B9E\u300A\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u63D0\u51FA\u7684\u201C\u52A0\u5FEB\u6784\u5EFA\u73B0\u4EE3\u52A0\u5DE5\u6D41\u901A\u4F53\u7CFB\u201D\uFF1F
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u5C60\u5BB0\u52A0\u5DE5\u548C\u6D41\u901A\u73AF\u8282\u4E00\u5934\u8FDE\u7740\u517B\u6B96\u7AEF\uFF0C\u4E00\u5934\u8FDE\u7740\u6D88\u8D39\u7AEF\uFF0C\u662F\u6574\u4E2A\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u627F\u4E0A\u542F\u4E0B\u7684\u5173\u952E\u73AF\u8282\u3002\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u5C06\u6309\u7167\u300A\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u8981\u6C42\uFF0C\u4ECE\u4E09\u65B9\u9762\u63A8\u8FDB\u6709\u5173\u5DE5\u4F5C\u3002\u4E00\u662F\u52A0\u5F3A\u5C60\u5BB0\u884C\u4E1A\u6E05\u7406\u6574\u987F\uFF0C\u89C4\u8303\u884C\u4E1A\u79E9\u5E8F\u3002\u7EE7\u7EED\u5F00\u5C55\u751F\u732A\u5C60\u5BB0\u6807\u51C6\u5316\u793A\u8303\u521B\u5EFA\uFF0C\u52A0\u5FEB\u5C60\u5BB0\u884C\u4E1A\u8F6C\u578B\u5347\u7EA7\u6B65\u4F10\uFF0C\u63D0\u5347\u884C\u4E1A\u6574\u4F53\u6C34\u5E73\u3002\u52A0\u5FEB\u300A\u751F\u732A\u5C60\u5BB0\u7BA1\u7406\u6761\u4F8B\u300B\u914D\u5957\u89C4\u7AE0\u5236\u5B9A\uFF0C\u51FA\u53F0\u751F\u732A\u5C60\u5BB0\u4F01\u4E1A\u4EA7\u54C1\u8D28\u91CF\u98CE\u9669\u5206\u7EA7\u7BA1\u7406\u529E\u6CD5\uFF0C\u79EF\u6781\u6307\u5BFC\u5730\u65B9\u51FA\u53F0\u6CD5\u89C4\u89C4\u8303\u725B\u7F8A\u79BD\u5C60\u5BB0\u7BA1\u7406\u3002\u4E8C\u662F\u52A0\u5FEB\u5C60\u5BB0\u4EA7\u80FD\u5E03\u5C40\u4F18\u5316\uFF0C\u5065\u5168\u51B7\u94FE\u914D\u9001\u4F53\u7CFB\u3002\u5F15\u5BFC\u4F18\u52BF\u5C60\u5BB0\u4EA7\u80FD\u5411\u4E1C\u5317\u3001\u534E\u5317\u3001\u9EC4\u6DEE\u6D77\u548C\u4E2D\u5357\u90E8\u5206\u7701\u4EFD\u517B\u6B96\u96C6\u4E2D\u533A\u57DF\u8F6C\u79FB\uFF0C\u63A8\u52A8\u755C\u79BD\u5C31\u5730\u5C31\u8FD1\u5C60\u5BB0\uFF0C\u8865\u9F50\u201C\u51B7\u94FE\u914D\u9001\u4F53\u7CFB\u201D\u7684\u77ED\u677F\uFF0C\u51CF\u5C11\u6D3B\u755C\u79BD\u957F\u8DDD\u79BB\u8C03\u8FD0\uFF0C\u4FC3\u8FDB\u201C\u8FD0\u755C\u201D\u5411\u201C\u8FD0\u8089\u201D\u8F6C\u53D8\u3002\u4E09\u662F\u79EF\u6781\u4E89\u53D6\u6709\u5173\u652F\u6301\u653F\u7B56\uFF0C\u5B8C\u5584\u4FDD\u969C\u63AA\u65BD\u3002\u901A\u8FC7\u4E2D\u592E\u8D22\u653F\u8F6C\u79FB\u652F\u4ED8\u7B49\u73B0\u6709\u6E20\u9053\uFF0C\u52A0\u5F3A\u5BF9\u751F\u732A\u5C60\u5BB0\u6807\u51C6\u5316\u793A\u8303\u521B\u5EFA\u548C\u755C\u79BD\u4EA7\u54C1\u51B7\u94FE\u8FD0\u8F93\u914D\u9001\u4F53\u7CFB\u5EFA\u8BBE\u7684\u652F\u6301\u3002\u4F1A\u540C\u6709\u5173\u90E8\u95E8\u843D\u5B9E\u76F8\u5173\u73AF\u8282\u7528\u6C34\u3001\u7528\u7535\u4F18\u60E0\u653F\u7B56\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u9488\u5BF9\u300A\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u63D0\u51FA\u7684\u201C\u53D1\u5C55\u9002\u5EA6\u89C4\u6A21\u7ECF\u8425\uFF0C\u6276\u6301\u4E2D\u5C0F\u517B\u6B96\u6237\u53D1\u5C55\u201D\uFF0C\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u4E0B\u4E00\u6B65\u6709\u54EA\u4E9B\u5177\u4F53\u63AA\u65BD\uFF1F
\n\u3000
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u53D1\u5C55\u9002\u5EA6\u89C4\u6A21\u7ECF\u8425\u662F\u73B0\u4EE3\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u7684\u53D1\u5C55\u65B9\u5411\uFF0C\u662F\u9AD8\u8D28\u91CF\u53D1\u5C55\u7684\u5FC5\u7531\u4E4B\u8DEF\u3002\u6211\u56FD\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u662F\u5728\u4E00\u5BB6\u4E00\u6237\u5206\u6563\u517B\u6B96\u7684\u57FA\u7840\u4E0A\u9010\u6B65\u53D1\u5C55\u58EE\u5927\u8D77\u6765\u7684\uFF0C\u76EE\u524D\u5168\u56FD\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u89C4\u6A21\u5316\u7387\u8FBE\u523064.5%\uFF0C\u89C4\u6A21\u5316\u517B\u6B96\u5DF2\u7ECF\u6210\u4E3A\u8089\u86CB\u5976\u5E02\u573A\u4F9B\u5E94\u7684\u4E3B\u4F53\u3002\u4F46\u4E5F\u8981\u770B\u5230\uFF0C\u6211\u56FD\u755C\u79BD\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u4E0E\u53D1\u8FBE\u56FD\u5BB6\u76F8\u6BD4\uFF0C\u8FD8\u6709\u76F8\u5F53\u5DEE\u8DDD\uFF0C\u8BBE\u65BD\u88C5\u5907\u6761\u4EF6\u5DEE\uFF0C\u751F\u4EA7\u6548\u7387\u4E0D\u9AD8\uFF0C\u4E0E\u89C4\u6A21\u5316\u76F8\u5BF9\u5E94\u7684\u6807\u51C6\u5316\u751F\u4EA7\u4F53\u7CFB\u8FD8\u6CA1\u6709\u5168\u9762\u5EFA\u7ACB\u8D77\u6765\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E0B\u4E00\u6B65\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5C06\u91CD\u70B9\u6293\u597D\u4EE5\u4E0B\u5DE5\u4F5C\uFF1A\u4E00\u662F\u52A0\u5F3A\u5178\u578B\u793A\u8303\u5F15\u9886\u3002\u7EC4\u7EC7\u5F00\u5C55\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u6807\u51C6\u5316\u793A\u8303\u573A\u521B\u5EFA\uFF0C\u4EE5\u755C\u79BD\u826F\u79CD\u5316\u3001\u517B\u6B96\u8BBE\u65BD\u5316\u3001\u751F\u4EA7\u89C4\u8303\u5316\u3001\u9632\u75AB\u5236\u5EA6\u5316\u3001\u7CAA\u6C61\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u4E3A\u91CD\u70B9\uFF0C\u4EE5\u70B9\u5E26\u9762\u8F90\u5C04\u5E26\u52A8\u5168\u56FD\u755C\u79BD\u9002\u5EA6\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u53D1\u5C55\u3002\u4E8C\u662F\u63D0\u5347\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u673A\u68B0\u5316\u6C34\u5E73\u3002\u52A0\u5927\u519C\u673A\u8D2D\u7F6E\u8865\u8D34\u653F\u7B56\u5BF9\u755C\u7267\u673A\u68B0\u8BBE\u65BD\u88C5\u5907\u7684\u652F\u6301\u529B\u5EA6\uFF0C\u52A0\u5FEB\u63A8\u8FDB\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u751F\u4EA7\u5168\u7A0B\u673A\u68B0\u5316\uFF0C\u7740\u529B\u89E3\u51B3\u75AB\u75C5\u9632\u63A7\u3001\u755C\u4EA7\u54C1\u91C7\u96C6\u52A0\u5DE5\u3001\u7CAA\u6C61\u6536\u96C6\u5904\u7406\u4E0E\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u7B49\u8584\u5F31\u73AF\u8282\u673A\u68B0\u8BBE\u65BD\u88C5\u5907\u5E94\u7528\u96BE\u9898\u3002\u4E09\u662F\u5F3A\u5316\u6280\u672F\u6307\u5BFC\u670D\u52A1\u3002\u53D1\u6325\u755C\u7267\u517D\u533B\u6280\u672F\u63A8\u5E7F\u673A\u6784\u3001\u56FD\u5BB6\u4EA7\u4E1A\u6280\u672F\u4F53\u7CFB\u548C\u884C\u4E1A\u534F\u4F1A\u7684\u6280\u672F\u4F18\u52BF\uFF0C\u5EFA\u7ACB\u5065\u5168\u4E0D\u540C\u755C\u79CD\u7684\u6807\u51C6\u5316\u751F\u4EA7\u4F53\u7CFB\uFF0C\u603B\u7ED3\u63A8\u5E7F\u9002\u5EA6\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u7684\u5178\u578B\u6A21\u5F0F\u3002\u56DB\u662F\u9F13\u52B1\u5F15\u5BFC\u9F99\u5934\u4F01\u4E1A\u201C\u4EE5\u5927\u5E26\u5C0F\u201D\u3002\u575A\u6301\u6293\u5927\u4E0D\u653E\u5C0F\uFF0C\u652F\u6301\u9F99\u5934\u4F01\u4E1A\u901A\u8FC7\u201C\u516C\u53F8\uFF0B\u519C\u6237\u201D\u3001\u6258\u7BA1\u3001\u5165\u80A1\u52A0\u76DF\u7B49\u591A\u79CD\u5F62\u5F0F\uFF0C\u5B8C\u5584\u5229\u76CA\u8054\u7ED3\u673A\u5236\uFF0C\u5E26\u52A8\u4E2D\u5C0F\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u63D0\u9AD8\u9972\u517B\u7BA1\u7406\u6C34\u5E73\u548C\u751F\u7269\u5B89\u5168\u9632\u62A4\u6C34\u5E73\uFF0C\u5B9E\u73B0\u589E\u4EA7\u589E\u6536\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u4E3A\u786E\u4FDD\u300A\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u5404\u9879\u653F\u7B56\u843D\u5230\u5B9E\u5904\uFF0C\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u6709\u54EA\u4E9B\u5177\u4F53\u63AA\u65BD\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u56F4\u7ED5\u300A\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u7684\u8D2F\u5F7B\u843D\u5B9E\uFF0C\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u5C06\u91CD\u70B9\u505A\u597D\u56DB\u65B9\u9762\u5DE5\u4F5C\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E00\u662F\u4E25\u683C\u843D\u5B9E\u5DE5\u4F5C\u8D23\u4EFB\u3002\u300A\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u7684\u8D2F\u5F7B\u843D\u5B9E\u9700\u8981\u5404\u65B9\u9762\u7684\u5171\u540C\u52AA\u529B\u3002\u6211\u4EEC\u5C06\u4F1A\u540C\u5404\u6709\u5173\u90E8\u95E8\uFF0C\u5236\u5B9A\u548C\u5B8C\u5584\u5177\u4F53\u5DE5\u4F5C\u63AA\u65BD\uFF0C\u52A0\u5927\u7763\u4FC3\u8003\u6838\u529B\u5EA6\uFF0C\u91CD\u70B9\u63A8\u52A8\u4E25\u683C\u843D\u5B9E\u7701\u8D1F\u603B\u8D23\u548C\u201C\u83DC\u7BEE\u5B50\u201D\u5E02\u957F\u8D1F\u8D23\u5236\uFF0C\u4FDD\u969C\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u53D1\u5C55\u7528\u5730\uFF0C\u6E05\u7406\u8D85\u8D8A\u6CD5\u5F8B\u6CD5\u89C4\u89C4\u5B9A\u7684\u7981\u517B\u9650\u517B\uFF0C\u786E\u4FDD\u300A\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u5404\u9879\u8981\u6C42\u843D\u5230\u5B9E\u5904\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E8C\u662F\u5F3A\u5316\u653F\u7B56\u8D44\u91D1\u652F\u6301\u3002\u9488\u5BF9\u6807\u51C6\u5316\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u3001\u52A8\u7269\u75AB\u75C5\u9632\u63A7\u3001\u7CAA\u6C61\u7EFC\u5408\u5904\u7406\u5229\u7528\u3001\u5C60\u5BB0\u52A0\u5DE5\u548C\u51B7\u94FE\u914D\u9001\u7B49\u91CD\u70B9\u73AF\u8282\uFF0C\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u52A0\u5927\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u6276\u6301\u653F\u7B56\u843D\u5B9E\u529B\u5EA6\uFF0C\u52A0\u5F3A\u8D22\u653F\u4FDD\u969C\u548C\u91D1\u878D\u670D\u52A1\uFF0C\u521B\u65B0\u9879\u76EE\u652F\u6301\u624B\u6BB5\uFF0C\u4FDD\u8BC1\u653F\u7B56\u8D44\u91D1\u6548\u679C\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E09\u662F\u63A8\u8FDB\u201C\u653E\u7BA1\u670D\u201D\u6539\u9769\u3002\u89E3\u51B3\u597D\u53D1\u5C55\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u751F\u4EA7\u7684\u51C6\u5165\u548C\u51C6\u8425\u95EE\u9898\uFF0C\u7B80\u5316\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u7528\u5730\u53D6\u5F97\u7A0B\u5E8F\u4EE5\u53CA\u73AF\u5883\u5F71\u54CD\u8BC4\u4EF7\u3001\u52A8\u7269\u9632\u75AB\u6761\u4EF6\u5BA1\u67E5\u3001\u79CD\u755C\u79BD\u8FDB\u51FA\u53E3\u7B49\u5BA1\u6279\u7A0B\u5E8F\uFF0C\u7F29\u77ED\u5BA1\u6279\u65F6\u95F4\uFF0C\u5F3A\u5316\u4E8B\u4E2D\u4E8B\u540E\u76D1\u7BA1\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u56DB\u662F\u53D1\u6325\u4F01\u4E1A\u4E3B\u4F53\u4F5C\u7528\u3002\u755C\u7267\u4F01\u4E1A\u662F\u4FC3\u8FDB\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u9AD8\u8D28\u91CF\u53D1\u5C55\u7684\u4E3B\u4F53\u3002\u5927\u529B\u652F\u6301\u4F01\u4E1A\u63D0\u5347\u54C1\u8D28\u3001\u6253\u54CD\u54C1\u724C\u3001\u505A\u5927\u505A\u5F3A\uFF0C\u5145\u5206\u53D1\u6325\u9F99\u5934\u4F01\u4E1A\u5E26\u52A8\u4E2D\u5C0F\u517B\u6B96\u6237\u878D\u5165\u73B0\u4EE3\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u7684\u4F5C\u7528\uFF0C\u4FC3\u8FDB\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u9AD8\u8D28\u91CF\u53D1\u5C55\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u76EE\u524D\u751F\u732A\u751F\u4EA7\u6062\u590D\u548C\u732A\u8089\u5E02\u573A\u4F9B\u5E94\u60C5\u51B5\u600E\u6837\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u5728\u5E02\u573A\u62C9\u52A8\u548C\u653F\u7B56\u63A8\u52A8\u4E0B\uFF0C\u4ECA\u5E74\u4EE5\u6765\uFF0C\u517B\u732A\u573A\u6237\u8865\u680F\u589E\u517B\u7684\u79EF\u6781\u6027\u5F88\u9AD8\uFF0C\u751F\u732A\u751F\u4EA7\u6062\u590D\u8F83\u5FEB\u3002\u636E\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u76D1\u6D4B\uFF0C6\u6708\u4EFD\u548C7\u6708\u4EFD\uFF0C\u751F\u732A\u751F\u4EA7\u6062\u590D\u7684\u4E24\u4E2A\u91CD\u8981\u62D0\u70B9\u76F8\u7EE7\u51FA\u73B0\uFF0C\u5373\u80FD\u7E41\u6BCD\u732A\u548C\u751F\u732A\u5B58\u680F\u5148\u540E\u5B9E\u73B0\u540C\u6BD4\u589E\u957F\u30028\u6708\u4EFD\uFF0C\u80FD\u7E41\u6BCD\u732A\u5B58\u680F\u73AF\u6BD4\u589E\u957F3.5%\uFF0C\u8FDE\u7EED11\u4E2A\u6708\u589E\u957F\uFF0C\u540C\u6BD4\u589E\u957F37%\uFF1B\u751F\u732A\u5B58\u680F\u73AF\u6BD4\u589E\u957F4.7%\uFF0C\u8FDE\u7EED7\u4E2A\u6708\u589E\u957F\uFF0C\u540C\u6BD4\u589E\u957F31.3%\u3002\u7167\u6B64\u8D8B\u52BF\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u6709\u4FE1\u5FC3\u5B9E\u73B0\u5168\u5E74\u751F\u732A\u4EA7\u80FD\u57FA\u672C\u6062\u590D\u5230\u63A5\u8FD1\u5E38\u5E74\u6C34\u5E73\u7684\u76EE\u6807\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
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\n
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\n

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\n

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\n

\n\t\u996D\u7897\u7A33\uFF0C\u6C11\u5FC3\u7A33\u3002\u6216\u8BB8\u8001\u767E\u59D3\u9910\u684C\u4E0A\u7684\u90A3\u70B9\u513F\u4E8B\uFF0C\u6B63\u662F\u8FD9\u4E2A\u975E\u5E38\u65F6\u671F\u6700\u91CD\u8981\u7684\u57FA\u7840\u4FDD\u969C\u4E4B\u4E00\u3002\n

\n

\n\t \n

\n

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\n

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\n

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\n

\n\t \n

\n

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\n

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\n
\n3
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\n

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\n\t \n

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\n
\nThermomechanical and enzyme-facilitated processing of soybean meal enhanced in vitro kinetics of protein digestion and protein and amino acid digestibility in weaned pigs
\nSoybean meal (SBM) contains anti-nutritional factors (ANF) that may limit kinetics and total extent of protein digestion in pigs. This study evaluated the effects of thermomechanical and enzyme-facilitated (TE) processing on in vitro kinetics of crude protein (CP) digestion and CP and amino acid (AA) digestibility in weaned pigs. Each batch of SBM (48% CP) was divided into two parts: non-processed SBM as control vs. thermomechanical and enzyme-facilitated processed soybean meal (TES) as the experimental group. For digestion kinetics, samples (three batches of non-processed SBM vs. TES) were incubated in triplicate sequentially with pepsin at pH 3.5 for 1.5 h (stomach phase) and subsequently with pancreatin and bile extract at pH 6.8 for 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, or 6 h (small intestine phase). Protein was classified into CPfast, CPslow, and CPresistant corresponding to CP digested within the first 0.5 h, from 0.5 to 4 h, and after 4 h plus undigested CP, respectively. Eight weaned barrows (Large White \u00D7 Duroc, 9.43 \u00B1 0.40 kg) were surgically fitted with a T-cannula at the terminal ileum. Pigs were randomly assigned to a Youden square with three diets over four periods. The three diets were an N-free diet and two diets using 40% SBM or TES as the sole source of AA with Cr2O3 as an indigestible marker. Each period included sequentially a 5-d adaptation, 2-d collection of feces, and 2-d collection of ileal digesta. The TE processing reduced ANF content in TES by 91% for lectin, 22% for trypsin inhibitor activity, 75% for \u03B2-conglycinin, and 62% for glycinin compared with SBM. In vitro, TE processing increased (P < 0.05) digested CP by 5.6% and enhanced the kinetics of CP digestion by tending to increase (P = 0.056) CPfast by 25% and reducing (P < 0.05) CPslow and CPresistant by 48% and 11%, respectively. In pigs, TE processing increased (P < 0.05) apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP in TES by 2.3% and 2.1%, respectively. The TE processing increased (P < 0.05) AID and SID of all AA up to 3.3%, except for AID of Pro and SID of Pro, Gly, and Cys. The TE processing did not change reactive Lys or Lys:CP but increased (P < 0.05) SID of Lys and reactive Lys by 3%. Combined, the greater in vitro digestion kinetics matched the greater in vivo AID and SID of CP in TES and lower ANF compared with SBM. Thus, TE processing created a protein source that is digested faster and to a greater extent than SBM, thereby lowering the chance of protein fermentation.
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This study evaluated the effects of thermomechanical and enzyme-facilitated (TE) processing on in vitro kinetics of crude protein (CP) digestion and CP and amino acid (AA) digestibility in weaned pigs. Each batch of SBM (48% CP) was divided into two parts: non-processed SBM as control vs. thermomechanical and enzyme-facilitated processed soybean meal (TES) as the experimental group. For digestion kinetics, samples (three batches of non-processed SBM vs. TES) were incubated in triplicate sequentially with pepsin at pH 3.5 for 1.5 h (stomach phase) and subsequently with pancreatin and bile extract at pH 6.8 for 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, or 6 h (small intestine phase). Protein was classified into CPfast, CPslow, and CPresistant corresponding to CP digested within the first 0.5 h, from 0.5 to 4 h, and after 4 h plus undigested CP, respectively. Eight weaned barrows (Large White × Duroc, 9.43 ± 0.40 kg) were surgically fitted with a T-cannula at the terminal ileum. Pigs were randomly assigned to a Youden square with three diets over four periods. The three diets were an N-free diet and two diets using 40% SBM or TES as the sole source of AA with Cr2O3 as an indigestible marker. Each period included sequentially a 5-d adaptation, 2-d collection of feces, and 2-d collection of ileal digesta. The TE processing reduced ANF content in TES by 91% for lectin, 22% for trypsin inhibitor activity, 75% for \u03B2-conglycinin, and 62% for glycinin compared with SBM. In vitro, TE processing increased (P < 0.05) digested CP by 5.6% and enhanced the kinetics of CP digestion by tending to increase (P = 0.056) CPfast by 25% and reducing (P < 0.05) CPslow and CPresistant by 48% and 11%, respectively. In pigs, TE processing increased (P < 0.05) apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP in TES by 2.3% and 2.1%, respectively. The TE processing increased (P < 0.05) AID and SID of all AA up to 3.3%, except for AID of Pro and SID of Pro, Gly, and Cys. The TE processing did not change reactive Lys or Lys:CP but increased (P < 0.05) SID of Lys and reactive Lys by 3%. Combined, the greater in vitro digestion kinetics matched the greater in vivo AID and SID of CP in TES and lower ANF compared with SBM. Thus, TE processing created a protein source that is digested faster and to a greater extent than SBM, thereby lowering the chance of protein fermentation.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"327","ClassID":"20","Title":"\u5929\u6D25\u745E\u5B5A\uFF1A\u201C\u5BB6\u5EAD\u519C\u573A\u4EA4\u6D41\u4F1A\u201D\u6210\u529F\u4E3E\u884C","SubTitle":"\u5929\u6D25\u745E\u5B5A\uFF1A\u201C\u5BB6\u5EAD\u519C\u573A\u4EA4\u6D41\u4F1A\u201D\u6210\u529F\u4E3E\u884C","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"
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\n
\n\u7EFC\u4E0A\u6240\u8FF0\uFF0C\u4E0D\u540C\u8C37\u7269\u65E5\u7CAE\u7EC4\u95F4P\u3001DE\u548CME\u7684STTD\u6CA1\u6709\u5DEE\u5F02\u30023\u4E2A\u9AD8\u7CB1\u54C1\u79CD\u4E4B\u95F4SID \u7684AA\u503C\u65E0\u5DEE\u5F02\uFF1B\u4F46\u662F\uFF0C\u90FD\u6BD4\u7389\u7C73\u7EC4\u4F4E\u3002\u7ED3\u679C\u8868\u660E\uFF0C\u5982\u679C\u65E5\u7CAE\u914D\u5236\u65F6\u8003\u8651\u4E86AA\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u7684\u5DEE\u5F02\uFF0C\u90A3\u4E48\u5728\u4FDD\u80B2\u732A\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E2D\u4E0D\u540C\u54C1\u79CD\u7684\u9AD8\u7CB1\u53EF\u4EE5\u66FF\u4EE3\u7389\u7C73\u3002
\n
\nNutritional evaluation of different varieties of sorghum and the effects on nursery pig growth performance
\nFive experiments were conducted to determine the standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) of P, digestible energy (DE), metabolizable energy (ME), and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of amino acids (AA) in three sorghum varieties compared with corn and to determine the effects of sorghum varieties on nursery pig growth. In exp. 1, 48 barrows (initially 18.6 kg) were housed individually in metabolism crates. Treatments were arranged in a 2 \u00D7 4 factorial evaluating two levels of microbial phytase (0 or 500 units/kg) and four grain sources (corn, high-lysine, red, or white sorghum). Added phytase improved (P < 0.05) STTD of P in all ingredients, but was not different among the grains. In exp. 2, the DE and ME in the three sorghum varieties were not different from corn. In exp. 3, 10 growing barrows (initially 25.9 kg) with a T-cannula in the terminal ileum were used. Standardized ileal digestible Lys, Met, Thr, and Val were greater (P < 0.05) in corn than in the sorghum-based diets with no differences among the sorghum varieties. In exp. 4, 160 pigs (initially 6.3 kg) were randomly allotted to one of four dietary treatments with five pigs per pen and eight replicate pens per treatment in a 20-d experiment. Dietary treatments included corn or the three sorghum varieties, where the varieties of sorghum replaced corn on an SID Lys basis. No differences among treatments were observed in any growth performance parameters. In exp. 5, treatments consisted of a corn-based diet, a diet based on conventional sorghum (a mixture of red and white sorghum), and four diets with high-lysine sorghum containing increasing amounts of feed-grade AA, replacing soybean meal. Overall, pigs fed the high-lysine sorghum diet with the greatest amount of added feed-grade AA had the poorest gain:feed ratio (G:F; P < 0.05) compared with pigs fed all the other experimental diets. Within those fed the high-lysine sorghum and feed-grade AA, average daily gain, final body weight (linear, P < 0.10), and G:F (linear, P < 0.01) decreased as feed-grade AA increased. In summary, no differences in STTD of P or in DE and ME were observed among the grain sources. The SID AA values for the three sorghum varieties were not different; however, they were all lower than for corn. These results indicate that these varieties of sorghum can successfully replace corn in nursery pig diets if diets are formulated to account for differences in AA digestibility.
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In exp. 1, 48 barrows (initially 18.6 kg) were housed individually in metabolism crates. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 4 factorial evaluating two levels of microbial phytase (0 or 500 units/kg) and four grain sources (corn, high-lysine, red, or white sorghum). Added phytase improved (P < 0.05) STTD of P in all ingredients, but was not different among the grains. In exp. 2, the DE and ME in the three sorghum varieties were not different from corn. In exp. 3, 10 growing barrows (initially 25.9 kg) with a T-cannula in the terminal ileum were used. Standardized ileal digestible Lys, Met, Thr, and Val were greater (P < 0.05) in corn than in the sorghum-based diets with no differences among the sorghum varieties. In exp. 4, 160 pigs (initially 6.3 kg) were randomly allotted to one of four dietary treatments with five pigs per pen and eight replicate pens per treatment in a 20-d experiment. Dietary treatments included corn or the three sorghum varieties, where the varieties of sorghum replaced corn on an SID Lys basis. No differences among treatments were observed in any growth performance parameters. In exp. 5, treatments consisted of a corn-based diet, a diet based on conventional sorghum (a mixture of red and white sorghum), and four diets with high-lysine sorghum containing increasing amounts of feed-grade AA, replacing soybean meal. Overall, pigs fed the high-lysine sorghum diet with the greatest amount of added feed-grade AA had the poorest gain:feed ratio (G:F; P < 0.05) compared with pigs fed all the other experimental diets. Within those fed the high-lysine sorghum and feed-grade AA, average daily gain, final body weight (linear, P < 0.10), and G:F (linear, P < 0.01) decreased as feed-grade AA increased. In summary, no differences in STTD of P or in DE and ME were observed among the grain sources. The SID AA values for the three sorghum varieties were not different; however, they were all lower than for corn. These results indicate that these varieties of sorghum can successfully replace corn in nursery pig diets if diets are formulated to account for differences in AA digestibility.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"323","ClassID":"19","Title":"\u4ED4\u732A\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u5F71\u54CD\u4F53\u86CB\u767D\u6C89\u79EF\uFF0C\u4F46\u4E0D\u5F71\u54CD\u86CB\u767D\u5229\u7528\u6548\u7387","SubTitle":"\u4ED4\u732A\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u5F71\u54CD\u4F53\u86CB\u767D\u6C89\u79EF\uFF0C\u4F46\u4E0D\u5F71\u54CD\u86CB\u767D\u5229\u7528\u6548\u7387","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"
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\n \u4F4E\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u7EC4\u548C\u9AD8\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u7EC4\u732A\u7684\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u5206\u522B\u4E3A1.11\u00B10.14\u30011.79\u00B10.12kg\u3002\u4E24\u7EC4\u540420\u5934\u732A\uFF0C\u5355\u72EC\u9972\u5582\u5728\u4EE3\u8C22\u7B3C\u4E2D\uFF0C\u7ECF\u8FC711\u5929\u9002\u5E94\u671F\u540E\uFF0C\u8FDB\u884C\u8FDE\u7EED\u4E24\u671F\u3001\u6BCF\u671F5\u5929\u7684\u6C2E\u5E73\u8861\u8BD5\u9A8C\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u65E5\u7CAE\u5206\u4E3A\u4E24\u79CD\uFF0C\u4E00\u79CD\u4E3A\u6B63\u5E38\u6EE1\u8DB3\u86CB\u767D\u65E5\u7CAE\uFF0C\u53E6\u4E00\u79CD\u4E3A\u9650\u6C2E\u65E5\u7CAE\uFF08\u86CB\u767D\u4E3A\u6B63\u5E38\u65E5\u7CAE\u768470%\uFF09\uFF0C\u80FD\u91CF\u4E3A\u7EF4\u6301\u9700\u8981\u76842.8\u500D\u3002\u91C7\u96C6\u5C3F\u548C\u8840\u6D46\u6837\u54C1\u8FDB\u884C\u975E\u9776\u5411\u4EE3\u8C22\u7EC4\u5B66\u5206\u6790\u3002
\n \u6570\u636E\u663E\u793A\uFF0C\u9AD8\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u7EC4\u732A\u53EA\u7684\u86CB\u767D\u6C89\u79EF\u901F\u5EA6\uFF08g/d\uFF09\u663E\u8457\u9AD8\u4E8E\u4F4E\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u7EC4\uFF08P\uFF1C0.01\uFF09\uFF0C\u4F46\u662F\u5355\u4F4D\u4F53\u91CD\u86CB\u767D\u6C89\u79EF\u901F\u5EA6\uFF08g/kg\u4EE3\u8C22\u4F53\u91CD\u00B7\u5929\uFF09\u548C\u86CB\u767D\u5229\u7528\u6548\u7387\uFF08\u6C2E\u6C89\u79EF/\u6C2E\u6444\u5165\uFF09\u4E0D\u53D7\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u5F71\u54CD\u3002\u9AD8\u51FA\u751F\u91CD\u7EC4\u732A\u53EA\u8840\u6D46\u4E2D\u80F0\u5C9B\u7D20\u6C34\u5E73\uFF08P=0.08\uFF09\u548C\u80F0\u5C9B\u7D20\u6837\u751F\u957F\u56E0\u5B50\uFF08P=0.05\uFF09\u8F83\u9AD8\uFF0C\u800C\u03B1-\u6C28\u57FA\u6C2E\u6709\u964D\u4F4E\u7684\u8D8B\u52BF\uFF08P=0.06\uFF09\u3002\u4E0D\u80FD\u6839\u636E\u8840\u6D46\u548C\u5C3F\u6DB2\u4EE3\u8C22\u7EC4\u5B66\u5206\u6790\u7ED3\u679C\u533A\u5206\u4E0D\u540C\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u7EC4\u732A\u53EA\u3002\u9650\u5236\u65E5\u7CAE\u86CB\u767D\u4F9B\u5E94\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u6C2E\u6C89\u79EF\uFF08P\uFF1C0.001\uFF09\u3001\u6C2E\u6548\u7387\uFF08P=0.07\uFF09\u3001\u6C2E\u6D88\u5316\u7387\uFF08P\uFF1C0.001\uFF09\u548C\u8840\u6D46\u03B1-\u6C28\u57FA\u6C2E\u6C34\u5E73\uFF08P\uFF1C0.001\uFF09\u3002\u65E5\u7CAE\u5904\u7406\u5BF9\u8840\u6D46\u548C\u5C3F\u4E2D\u4EE3\u8C22\u7269\u4E2D\u5F71\u54CD\u6700\u591A\u7684\u662F\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\u53CA\u5176\u884D\u751F\u7269\u3001\u4E09\u7FA7\u9178\u5FAA\u73AF\u4EE3\u8C22\u7269\u3001\u8461\u8404\u7CD6\u919B\u9178\u5316\u7684\u5316\u5408\u7269\uFF0C\u5176\u4E2D\u7EDD\u5927\u90E8\u5206\u5728\u6B63\u5E38\u86CB\u767D\u7EC4\u732A\u53EA\u8F83\u9AD8\u3002
\n \u672C\u8BD5\u9A8C\u7ED3\u679C\u8868\u660E\u521D\u751F\u91CD\u5F71\u54CD\u65E5\u6C2E\u6C89\u79EF\uFF0C\u4F46\u662F\u5BF9\u751F\u957F\u732A\u86CB\u767D\u5229\u7528\u6548\u7387\u65E0\u5F71\u54CD\u3002\u56E0\u6B64\uFF0C\u5728\u7CBE\u51C6\u9972\u5582\u6A21\u5F0F\u4E0B\uFF0C\u4ED4\u732A\u51FA\u751F\u91CD\u5E94\u8BE5\u4F5C\u4E3A\u4E00\u4E2A\u86CB\u767D\u6C89\u79EF\u80FD\u529B\u7684\u5F71\u54CD\u56E0\u7D20\uFF0C\u800C\u4E0D\u662F\u86CB\u767D\u5229\u7528\u6548\u7387\u7684\u5F71\u54CD\u56E0\u7D20\u3002
\n
\nBirth weight affects body protein retention but not nitrogen efficiency in the later life of pigs
\n Exploring factors that might affect nitrogen (N) efficiency in pigs could support the development of precision feeding concepts. Therefore, an experiment was conducted to determine the effects of birth weight (BiW) on N retention, N efficiency, and concentrations of metabolites in plasma and urine related to N efficiency in male pigs of 14 wk of age. BiW of the low BiW (LBW) and high BiW (HBW) pigs was 1.11 \u00B1 0.14 and 1.79 \u00B1 0.12 kg, respectively. Twenty LBW and 20 HBW pigs were individually housed in metabolism cages and were subjected to an N balance study in two sequential periods of 5 d, after an 11-d adaptation period. Pigs were assigned to a protein adequate (A) or protein restricted (R, 70% of A) regime in a change-over design and fed restrictedly 2.8 times the energy requirements for maintenance. Nontargeted metabolomics analyses were performed in urine and blood plasma samples. The N retention in g/d was higher in the HBW than in the LBW pigs (P < 0.001). The N retention in g/(kg BW0.75\u00B7d) and N efficiency (= 100% \u00D7 N retention / N intake), however, were not affected by BiW of the pigs. Moreover, fecal digestibility of N and urinary concentration of N and urea were not affected by BiW of the pigs. The concentration of insulin (P = 0.08) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1;P = 0.05) in blood plasma was higher in HBW pigs, whereas the concentration of \u03B1-amino N tended to be lower in HBW pigs (P = 0.06). The LBW and HBW pigs could not be discriminated based on the plasma and urinary metabolites retrieved by nontargeted metabolomics. Restricting dietary protein supply decreased N retention (P < 0.001), N efficiency (P = 0.07), fecal N digestibility (P < 0.001), urinary concentration of N and urea (P < 0.001), and concentration of urea (P < 0.001), IGF-1 (P < 0.001), and \u03B1-amino N (P < 0.001) in blood plasma. The plasma and urinary metabolites differing between dietary protein regime were mostly amino acids (AA) or their derivatives, metabolites of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and glucuronidated compounds, almost all being higher in the pigs fed the A regime. This study shows that BiW affects absolute N retention but does not affect N efficiency in growing pigs. Therefore, in precision feeding concepts, BiW of pigs should be considered as a factor determining protein deposition capacity but less as a trait determining N efficiency.
\n
\n\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B
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\n
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Therefore, an experiment was conducted to determine the effects of birth weight (BiW) on N retention, N efficiency, and concentrations of metabolites in plasma and urine related to N efficiency in male pigs of 14 wk of age. BiW of the low BiW (LBW) and high BiW (HBW) pigs was 1.11 ± 0.14 and 1.79 ± 0.12 kg, respectively. Twenty LBW and 20 HBW pigs were individually housed in metabolism cages and were subjected to an N balance study in two sequential periods of 5 d, after an 11-d adaptation period. Pigs were assigned to a protein adequate (A) or protein restricted (R, 70% of A) regime in a change-over design and fed restrictedly 2.8 times the energy requirements for maintenance. Nontargeted metabolomics analyses were performed in urine and blood plasma samples. The N retention in g/d was higher in the HBW than in the LBW pigs (P < 0.001). The N retention in g/(kg BW0.75·d) and N efficiency (= 100% × N retention / N intake), however, were not affected by BiW of the pigs. Moreover, fecal digestibility of N and urinary concentration of N and urea were not affected by BiW of the pigs. The concentration of insulin (P = 0.08) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1;P = 0.05) in blood plasma was higher in HBW pigs, whereas the concentration of \u03B1-amino N tended to be lower in HBW pigs (P = 0.06). The LBW and HBW pigs could not be discriminated based on the plasma and urinary metabolites retrieved by nontargeted metabolomics. Restricting dietary protein supply decreased N retention (P < 0.001), N efficiency (P = 0.07), fecal N digestibility (P < 0.001), urinary concentration of N and urea (P < 0.001), and concentration of urea (P < 0.001), IGF-1 (P < 0.001), and \u03B1-amino N (P < 0.001) in blood plasma. The plasma and urinary metabolites differing between dietary protein regime were mostly amino acids (AA) or their derivatives, metabolites of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and glucuronidated compounds, almost all being higher in the pigs fed the A regime. This study shows that BiW affects absolute N retention but does not affect N efficiency in growing pigs. Therefore, in precision feeding concepts, BiW of pigs should be considered as a factor determining protein deposition capacity but less as a trait determining N efficiency.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"322","ClassID":"15","Title":"\u5B98\u65B9\u56DE\u5E94\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u6807\u51C6","SubTitle":"\u5B98\u65B9\u56DE\u5E94\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u6807\u51C6","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"\u5207\u5B9E\u63D0\u9AD8\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u6C34\u5E73\u2014\u2014\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u755C\u7267\u517D\u533B\u5C40\u3001\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u90E8\u571F\u58E4\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u53F8\u8D1F\u8D23\u540C\u5FD7\u89E3\u8BFB\u300A\u5173\u4E8E\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u660E\u786E\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u8981\u6C42 \u5F3A\u5316\u517B\u6B96\u6C61\u67D3\u76D1\u7BA1\u7684\u901A\u77E5\u300B
\n\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8
\n
\n\u8FD1\u65E5\uFF0C\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u529E\u516C\u5385\u3001\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u90E8\u529E\u516C\u5385\u8054\u5408\u5370\u53D1\u300A\u5173\u4E8E\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u660E\u786E\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u8981\u6C42\u5F3A\u5316\u517B\u6B96\u6C61\u67D3\u76D1\u7BA1\u7684\u901A\u77E5\u300B\uFF08\u4EE5\u4E0B\u7B80\u79F0\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\uFF09\u3002\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u755C\u7267\u517D\u533B\u5C40\u3001\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u90E8\u571F\u58E4\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u53F8\u8D1F\u8D23\u540C\u5FD7\u56F4\u7ED5\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u76F8\u5173\u95EE\u9898\u8FDB\u884C\u89E3\u8BFB\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u4E3A\u4EC0\u4E48\u8981\u51FA\u53F0\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u662F\u89E3\u51B3\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u6C61\u67D3\u95EE\u9898\u7684\u6839\u672C\u51FA\u8DEF\uFF0C\u4E5F\u662F\u6CBB\u672C\u4E4B\u7B56\u3002\u8FD1\u5E74\u6765\uFF0C\u5404\u5730\u5168\u9762\u843D\u5B9E\u300A\u56FD\u52A1\u9662\u529E\u516C\u5385\u5173\u4E8E\u52A0\u5FEB\u63A8\u8FDB\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u5E9F\u5F03\u7269\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u7684\u610F\u89C1\u300B\uFF0C\u4EE5\u519C\u7528\u6709\u673A\u80A5\u4E3A\u4E3B\u8981\u5229\u7528\u65B9\u5411\uFF0C\u5F3A\u5316\u653F\u7B56\u652F\u6301\u5F15\u5BFC\uFF0C\u52A0\u5F3A\u5B9E\u7528\u6280\u672F\u63A8\u5E7F\uFF0C\u63A8\u52A8\u5EFA\u7ACB\u5E02\u573A\u5316\u673A\u5236\uFF0C\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u53D6\u5F97\u4E86\u9636\u6BB5\u6027\u6210\u6548\u3002\u4F46\u662F\uFF0C\u6211\u56FD\u79CD\u517B\u4E3B\u4F53\u5206\u79BB\uFF0C\u79CD\u5730\u7684\u4E0D\u517B\u732A\uFF0C\u517B\u732A\u7684\u4E0D\u79CD\u5730\uFF0C\u79CD\u517B\u4E0D\u5339\u914D\u7684\u95EE\u9898\u666E\u904D\u5B58\u5728\uFF0C\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u201C\u6700\u540E\u4E00\u516C\u91CC\u201D\u8FD8\u6CA1\u6709\u5B8C\u5168\u6253\u901A\u3002
\n
\n2019\u5E7412\u6708\uFF0C\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u529E\u516C\u5385\u3001\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u90E8\u529E\u516C\u5385\u8054\u5408\u5370\u53D1\u4E86\u300A\u5173\u4E8E\u4FC3\u8FDB\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u52A0\u5F3A\u517B\u6B96\u6C61\u67D3\u6CBB\u7406\u7684\u6307\u5BFC\u610F\u89C1\u300B\uFF0C\u9F13\u52B1\u6307\u5BFC\u5404\u5730\u52A0\u5FEB\u63A8\u8FDB\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u7545\u901A\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u6E20\u9053\uFF0C\u52A0\u5FEB\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u6C61\u67D3\u9632\u6CBB\u4ECE\u91CD\u8FBE\u6807\u6392\u653E\u5411\u91CD\u5168\u91CF\u5229\u7528\u8F6C\u53D8\u3002\u4E3A\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u660E\u786E\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u9002\u7528\u6807\u51C6\uFF0C\u843D\u5B9E\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u6C61\u67D3\u9632\u6CBB\u4E3B\u4F53\u8D23\u4EFB\uFF0C\u5F3A\u5316\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u6C61\u67D3\u76D1\u7BA1\uFF0C\u5207\u5B9E\u63D0\u9AD8\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u6C34\u5E73\uFF0C\u5236\u5B9A\u4E86\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u51FA\u53F0\u7684\u603B\u4F53\u8003\u8651\u662F\u4EC0\u4E48\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u4E00\u662F\u515A\u4E2D\u592E\u3001\u56FD\u52A1\u9662\u5BF9\u755C\u79BD\u5E9F\u5F03\u7269\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u4F5C\u51FA\u660E\u786E\u90E8\u7F72\u3002\u8FD1\u5E74\u6765\uFF0C\u6211\u56FD\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u6301\u7EED\u7A33\u5B9A\u53D1\u5C55\uFF0C\u89C4\u6A21\u5316\u517B\u6B96\u6C34\u5E73\u9010\u5E74\u63D0\u9AD8\uFF0C\u4FDD\u969C\u4E86\u8089\u86CB\u5976\u7A33\u5B9A\u4F9B\u7ED9\uFF0C\u4F46\u90E8\u5206\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u6CA1\u6709\u5F97\u5230\u6709\u6548\u5904\u7406\u548C\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u6210\u4E3A\u519C\u6751\u73AF\u5883\u6CBB\u7406\u7684\u4E00\u5927\u96BE\u9898\u3002\u515A\u4E2D\u592E\u3001\u56FD\u52A1\u9662\u9AD8\u5EA6\u91CD\u89C6\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5DE5\u4F5C\u30022017\u5E745\u6708\uFF0C\u56FD\u52A1\u9662\u529E\u516C\u5385\u5370\u53D1\u300A\u5173\u4E8E\u52A0\u5FEB\u63A8\u8FDB\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u5E9F\u5F03\u7269\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u7684\u610F\u89C1\u300B\u3002\u4E3A\u6DF1\u5165\u8D2F\u5F7B\u843D\u5B9E\u515A\u4E2D\u592E\u3001\u56FD\u52A1\u9662\u51B3\u7B56\u90E8\u7F72\uFF0C\u4E9F\u9700\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u660E\u786E\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u8981\u6C42\uFF0C\u79D1\u5B66\u6709\u5E8F\u63A8\u8FDB\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5DE5\u4F5C\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E8C\u662F\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u89C4\u8303\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5DE5\u4F5C\u7684\u9700\u8981\u3002\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u662F\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u4E1A\u6C61\u67D3\u9632\u6CBB\u6700\u4E3A\u7ECF\u6D4E\u6709\u6548\u7684\u9014\u5F84\u3002\u76EE\u524D\uFF0C\u6211\u56FD\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u7EFC\u5408\u5229\u7528\u7387\u8FBE\u523075%\uFF0C\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u8BBE\u65BD\u88C5\u5907\u914D\u5957\u7387\u8FBE\u523093%\uFF0C\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u7684\u6B65\u4F10\u660E\u663E\u52A0\u5FEB\uFF0C\u6709\u529B\u4FC3\u8FDB\u4E86\u755C\u7267\u4E1A\u751F\u4EA7\u4E0E\u73AF\u5883\u4FDD\u62A4\u534F\u8C03\u53D1\u5C55\u3002\u4F46\u7531\u4E8E\u7F3A\u4E4F\u7EDF\u4E00\u89C4\u8303\u8981\u6C42\uFF0C\u5404\u5730\u5728\u63A8\u8FDB\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u8FC7\u7A0B\u4E2D\u6267\u884C\u6807\u51C6\u4E0D\u4E00\uFF0C\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u4E0D\u5F53\u800C\u5BFC\u81F4\u73AF\u5883\u6C61\u67D3\u7684\u73B0\u8C61\u65F6\u6709\u53D1\u751F\u3002\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u660E\u786E\u4E86\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5E94\u9075\u5FAA\u7684\u6280\u672F\u89C4\u8303\u4E0E\u6807\u51C6\uFF0C\u4E3A\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u89C4\u8303\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u63D0\u4F9B\u5177\u4F53\u6307\u5BFC\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E09\u662F\u7545\u901A\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u6E20\u9053\u7684\u6709\u529B\u4FDD\u969C\u3002\u76EE\u524D\uFF0C\u6211\u56FD\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u6807\u51C6\u4E0D\u5B8C\u5584\uFF0C\u76D1\u7BA1\u4F53\u7CFB\u4E0D\u5065\u5168\uFF0C\u5B9E\u9645\u5DE5\u4F5C\u4E2D\u8FD8\u5B58\u5728\u4E00\u4E9B\u8BEF\u533A\u3002\u5728\u6267\u884C\u6807\u51C6\u65B9\u9762\uFF0C\u5C06\u6DB2\u4F53\u7CAA\u6C61\u4F5C\u4E3A\u80A5\u6599\u5229\u7528\u548C\u4F5C\u4E3A\u704C\u6E89\u6C34\u5229\u7528\u6DF7\u4E3A\u4E00\u8C08\uFF0C\u5E38\u5E38\u8981\u6C42\u6DB2\u4F53\u7CAA\u6C61\u5FC5\u987B\u8FBE\u5230\u300A\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u6C34\u8D28\u6807\u51C6\u300B\u540E\u624D\u80FD\u519C\u7530\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u6781\u5927\u5730\u963B\u788D\u4E86\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u3002\u7531\u4E8E\u5BF9\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u7F3A\u4E4F\u660E\u786E\u7684\u76D1\u7BA1\u6267\u6CD5\u4F9D\u636E\uFF0C\u5730\u65B9\u7BA1\u7406\u90E8\u95E8\u66F4\u52A0\u503E\u5411\u9009\u62E9\u6613\u4E8E\u76D1\u7BA1\u7684\u6CBB\u7406\u65B9\u5F0F\uFF0C\u4E5F\u4E0D\u5229\u4E8E\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5DE5\u4F5C\u7684\u5F00\u5C55\u3002\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u660E\u786E\u4E86\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5E94\u6267\u884C\u7684\u6807\u51C6\u4EE5\u53CA\u5C06\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u548C\u7CAA\u80A5\u5229\u7528\u53F0\u8D26\u4F5C\u4E3A\u76D1\u7763\u6267\u6CD5\u7684\u91CD\u8981\u4F9D\u636E\uFF0C\u4E3A\u7545\u901A\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u6E20\u9053\uFF0C\u540C\u65F6\u9632\u8303\u73AF\u5883\u98CE\u9669\u63D0\u4F9B\u4E86\u6709\u529B\u4FDD\u969C\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u7684\u4E3B\u8981\u5185\u5BB9\u6709\u54EA\u4E9B\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u660E\u786E\uFF0C\u56FD\u5BB6\u9F13\u52B1\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u652F\u6301\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5EFA\u8BBE\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u548C\u5229\u7528\u8BBE\u65BD\u3002\u5DF2\u83B7\u5F97\u73AF\u8BC4\u6279\u590D\u7684\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u5982\u9700\u7531\u8FBE\u6807\u6392\u653E\uFF08\u542B\u6309\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u6C34\u6807\u51C6\u6392\u653E\uFF09\u53D8\u66F4\u4E3A\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\uFF08\u4E0D\u542B\u5546\u4E1A\u5316\u6CBC\u6C14\u5DE5\u7A0B\u548C\u5546\u54C1\u6709\u673A\u80A5\u751F\u4EA7\uFF09\uFF0C\u5982\u5728\u9879\u76EE\u7AE3\u5DE5\u73AF\u4FDD\u9A8C\u6536\u524D\u53D8\u66F4\uFF0C\u6309\u7167\u975E\u91CD\u5927\u53D8\u52A8\u7EB3\u5165\u7AE3\u5DE5\u73AF\u5883\u4FDD\u62A4\u9A8C\u6536\u7BA1\u7406\uFF1B\u5728\u7AE3\u5DE5\u73AF\u4FDD\u9A8C\u6536\u540E\u53D8\u66F4\u7684\uFF0C\u6309\u7167\u6539\u5EFA\u9879\u76EE\u4F9D\u6CD5\u5F00\u5C55\u73AF\u8BC4\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u8981\u6C42\uFF0C\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u7684\u5904\u7406\u5E94\u6839\u636E\u6392\u653E\u53BB\u5411\u6216\u5229\u7528\u65B9\u5F0F\u7684\u4E0D\u540C\u6267\u884C\u76F8\u5E94\u7684\u6807\u51C6\u89C4\u8303\u3002\u4F5C\u4E3A\u80A5\u6599\u5229\u7528\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u6280\u672F\u89C4\u8303\u300B\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u8FD8\u7530\u6280\u672F\u89C4\u8303\u300B\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u571F\u5730\u627F\u8F7D\u529B\u6D4B\u7B97\u6280\u672F\u6307\u5357\u300B\u3002\u5411\u73AF\u5883\u6392\u653E\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u4E1A\u6C61\u67D3\u7269\u6392\u653E\u6807\u51C6\u300B\u548C\u5730\u65B9\u6709\u5173\u6392\u653E\u6807\u51C6\u3002\u7528\u4E8E\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u6C34\u8D28\u6807\u51C6\u300B\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u300A\u901A\u77E5\u300B\u5F3A\u8C03\uFF0C\u5404\u5730\u8981\u7763\u4FC3\u6307\u5BFC\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u5236\u5B9A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u8BA1\u5212\uFF0C\u63A8\u52A8\u5EFA\u7ACB\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u548C\u7CAA\u80A5\u5229\u7528\u53F0\u8D26\u3002\u52A0\u5F3A\u65E5\u5E38\u76D1\u6D4B\uFF0C\u4E25\u9632\u8FD8\u7530\u73AF\u5883\u98CE\u9669\u3002\u52A0\u5FEB\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5148\u8FDB\u6280\u672F\u548C\u88C5\u5907\u7814\u53D1\uFF0C\u79EF\u6781\u63A8\u5E7F\u5168\u91CF\u6536\u96C6\u5229\u7528\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u3001\u5168\u91CF\u673A\u68B0\u5316\u65BD\u7528\u7B49\u7ECF\u6D4E\u9AD8\u6548\u7684\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u6280\u672F\u6A21\u5F0F\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u5C06\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u65B9\u5F0F\u7531\u8FBE\u6807\u6392\u653E\u53D8\u66F4\u4E3A\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u5E94\u6267\u884C\u7684\u5177\u4F53\u73AF\u8BC4\u7A0B\u5E8F\u6709\u54EA\u4E9B\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u517B\u6B96\u9879\u76EE\u7684\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u65B9\u5F0F\u53D8\u66F4\uFF0C\u5728\u73AF\u8BC4\u7BA1\u7406\u4E2D\u5C5E\u4E8E\u6C61\u67D3\u9632\u6CBB\u63AA\u65BD\u7684\u53D8\u5316\uFF0C\u6839\u636E\u300A\u73AF\u5883\u5F71\u54CD\u8BC4\u4EF7\u6CD5\u300B\u89C4\u5B9A\uFF0C\u8FD9\u79CD\u53D8\u5316\u5C5E\u4E8E\u91CD\u5927\u53D8\u52A8\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u91CD\u65B0\u62A5\u6279\u73AF\u8BC4\u30022015\u5E746\u6708\uFF0C\u539F\u73AF\u5883\u4FDD\u62A4\u90E8\u51FA\u53F0\u4E86\u300A\u5173\u4E8E\u5370\u53D1\u73AF\u8BC4\u7BA1\u7406\u4E2D\u90E8\u5206\u884C\u4E1A\u5EFA\u8BBE\u9879\u76EE\u91CD\u5927\u53D8\u52A8\u6E05\u5355\u7684\u901A\u77E5\u300B\uFF0C\u8FDB\u4E00\u6B65\u7EC6\u5316\u4E86\u5BF9\u91CD\u5927\u53D8\u52A8\u7684\u754C\u5B9A\u539F\u5219\uFF0C\u5E76\u660E\u786E\u4E0D\u5C5E\u4E8E\u91CD\u5927\u53D8\u52A8\u7684\u7EB3\u5165\u7AE3\u5DE5\u73AF\u5883\u4FDD\u62A4\u9A8C\u6536\u7BA1\u7406\u3002\u517B\u6B96\u9879\u76EE\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u65B9\u5F0F\u7531\u5904\u7406\u8FBE\u6807\u6392\u653E\u6216\u704C\u6E89\u53D8\u66F4\u4E3A\u8FD8\u7530\u3001\u975E\u5546\u4E1A\u5316\u7684\u6CBC\u6C14\u548C\u6709\u673A\u80A5\u5236\u9020\u7B49\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u5747\u6709\u76F8\u5173\u7BA1\u7406\u89C4\u5B9A\uFF0C\u603B\u4F53\u73AF\u5883\u5F71\u54CD\u6709\u9650\uFF0C\u7EDF\u7B79\u8003\u8651\u5E94\u6309\u7167\u975E\u91CD\u5927\u53D8\u52A8\u7BA1\u7406\uFF0C\u7EB3\u5165\u7AE3\u5DE5\u73AF\u5883\u4FDD\u62A4\u9A8C\u6536\u7BA1\u7406\u3002\u4F46\u662F\uFF0C\u53D8\u66F4\u4E3A\u5927\u89C4\u6A21\u7684\u5546\u4E1A\u5316\u6CBC\u6C14\u5DE5\u7A0B\u548C\u5546\u54C1\u6709\u673A\u80A5\u751F\u4EA7\uFF0C\u5C06\u53EF\u80FD\u4EA7\u751F\u8F83\u5927\u7684\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u5E94\u6309\u7167\u76F8\u5E94\u9879\u76EE\u7C7B\u578B\u4F9D\u6CD5\u5F00\u5C55\u73AF\u5883\u5F71\u54CD\u8BC4\u4EF7\uFF0C\u62A5\u6709\u5BA1\u6279\u6743\u7684\u90E8\u95E8\u5BA1\u6279\u3002\u540C\u65F6\uFF0C\u9879\u76EE\u9A8C\u6536\u540E\uFF0C\u517B\u6B96\u9879\u76EE\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u65B9\u5F0F\u53D1\u751F\u53D8\u66F4\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u5F53\u89C6\u4E3A\u65B0\u7684\u6539\u5EFA\u9879\u76EE\uFF0C\u6309\u7167\u6539\u5EFA\u9879\u76EE\u7684\u5206\u7C7B\u4F9D\u6CD5\u5F00\u5C55\u73AF\u5883\u5F71\u54CD\u8BC4\u4EF7\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5C06\u6DB2\u4F53\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u7ECF\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u540E\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u5E94\u6EE1\u8DB3\u54EA\u4E9B\u6807\u51C6\u53CA\u5177\u4F53\u8981\u6C42\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u4E00\u662F\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u6280\u672F\u89C4\u8303\u300B\u3002\u4E3A\u786E\u4FDD\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u540E\u4F5C\u4E3A\u7CAA\u80A5\u5B89\u5168\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u8981\u6C42\u6DB2\u4F53\u7CAA\u80A5\u7684\u86D4\u866B\u5375\u3001\u94A9\u866B\u5375\u3001\u7CAA\u5927\u80A0\u83CC\u7FA4\u6570\u3001\u868A\u5B50\u82CD\u8747\u56DB\u9879\u536B\u751F\u5B66\u6307\u6807\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u6280\u672F\u89C4\u8303\u300B\u89C4\u5B9A\u7684\u6DB2\u4F53\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u538C\u6C27\u5904\u7406\u536B\u751F\u5B66\u8981\u6C42\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E8C\u662F\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u540E\u4F5C\u4E3A\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u53EF\u53C2\u8003\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\u8FD8\u7530\u6280\u672F\u89C4\u8303\u300B\u7684\u65BD\u7528\u65B9\u6CD5\uFF0C\u9009\u62E9\u9002\u5B9C\u7684\u65BD\u7528\u65F6\u95F4\u3002\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u548C\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u65BD\u7528\u8FC7\u7A0B\u4E2D\uFF0C\u5E94\u91C7\u53D6\u5FC5\u8981\u63AA\u65BD\uFF0C\u51CF\u5C11\u517B\u5206\u635F\u5931\uFF0C\u51CF\u8F7B\u73AF\u5883\u5F71\u54CD\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E09\u662F\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u914D\u5957\u571F\u5730\u9762\u79EF\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u571F\u5730\u627F\u8F7D\u529B\u6D4B\u7B97\u6280\u672F\u6307\u5357\u300B\u8981\u6C42\u7684\u9762\u79EF\u3002\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5E94\u6839\u636E\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u6240\u65BD\u519C\u7530\u7684\u571F\u58E4\u72B6\u51B5\u3001\u519C\u6797\u4F5C\u7269\u7C7B\u578B\u3001\u79CD\u690D\u5236\u5EA6\u7B49\u9002\u65F6\u9002\u91CF\u8FDB\u884C\u7CAA\u80A5\u65BD\u7528\uFF0C\u5408\u7406\u786E\u5B9A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u65BD\u7528\u91CF\uFF0C\u4E0D\u80FD\u8FC7\u91CF\u65BD\u7528\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u80A5\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5C06\u6DB2\u4F53\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5411\u73AF\u5883\u6392\u653E\u6216\u4F5C\u4E3A\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u7528\u6C34\u5E94\u6EE1\u8DB3\u54EA\u4E9B\u6807\u51C6\u53CA\u5177\u4F53\u8981\u6C42\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u7CAA\u6C61\u7ECF\u5904\u7406\u540E\u5411\u73AF\u5883\u6392\u653E\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u4E1A\u6C61\u67D3\u7269\u6392\u653E\u6807\u51C6\u300B\u548C\u5730\u65B9\u6709\u5173\u6392\u653E\u6807\u51C6\u3002\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5E94\u6839\u636E\u4E0D\u540C\u5DE5\u827A\u6EE1\u8DB3\u76F8\u5E94\u7684\u6700\u9AD8\u5141\u8BB8\u6392\u6C34\u91CF\u53CA\u6700\u9AD8\u5141\u8BB8\u65E5\u5747\u6392\u653E\u6D53\u5EA6\u8981\u6C42\u3002\u5FC5\u987B\u8BBE\u7F6E\u5E9F\u6E23\u7684\u56FA\u4F53\u50A8\u5B58\u8BBE\u65BD\u548C\u573A\u6240\uFF0C\u4E14\u8981\u6709\u9632\u6B62\u7CAA\u6DB2\u6E17\u6F0F\u3001\u6EA2\u6D41\u63AA\u65BD\u3002\u7528\u4E8E\u76F4\u63A5\u8FD8\u7530\u7684\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u4FBF\uFF0C\u5FC5\u987B\u8FDB\u884C\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\uFF0C\u4E14\u7B26\u5408\u76F8\u5E94\u536B\u751F\u5B66\u6307\u6807\u3002\u6076\u81ED\u6C61\u67D3\u7269\u6392\u653E\u5E94\u6267\u884C\u81ED\u6C14\u6D53\u5EA6\u6807\u51C6\u3002\u7528\u4E8E\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u7B26\u5408\u300A\u519C\u7530\u704C\u6E89\u6C34\u8D28\u6807\u51C6\u300B\u548C\u5730\u65B9\u5236\u5B9A\u7684\u4E25\u4E8E\u8BE5\u6807\u51C6\u7684\u76F8\u5173\u63A7\u5236\u9879\u76EE\u3002
\n
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u4F5C\u4E3A\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5E94\u627F\u62C5\u54EA\u4E9B\u8D23\u4EFB\uFF1F
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u4E00\u662F\u755C\u79BD\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5E94\u5207\u5B9E\u5C65\u884C\u7CAA\u6C61\u6536\u96C6\u5904\u7406\u5229\u7528\u548C\u6C61\u67D3\u9632\u6CBB\u4E3B\u4F53\u8D23\u4EFB\uFF0C\u91C7\u53D6\u63AA\u65BD\uFF0C\u5BF9\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FDB\u884C\u79D1\u5B66\u5904\u7406\u548C\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\uFF0C\u9632\u6B62\u6C61\u67D3\u73AF\u5883\u3002\u5BF9\u4E8E\u81EA\u884C\u5904\u7406\u5229\u7528\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u5EFA\u8BBE\u4E0E\u517B\u6B96\u89C4\u6A21\u5339\u914D\u7684\u7CAA\u6C61\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u8BBE\u65BD\u5E76\u786E\u4FDD\u5176\u6B63\u5E38\u8FD0\u884C\uFF1B\u5BF9\u4E8E\u59D4\u6258\u7B2C\u4E09\u65B9\u4EE3\u4E3A\u5B9E\u73B0\u7CAA\u6C61\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u548C\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u914D\u5957\u7CAA\u6C61\u6536\u96C6\u548C\u6682\u5B58\u8BBE\u65BD\u8BBE\u5907\uFF0C\u786E\u4FDD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5728\u7B2C\u4E09\u65B9\u6536\u96C6\u671F\u95F4\u7684\u5B58\u50A8\u5BB9\u79EF\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E8C\u662F\u755C\u79BD\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u5E94\u5EFA\u8BBE\u7CAA\u6C61\u65E0\u5BB3\u5316\u5904\u7406\u548C\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u8BBE\u65BD\u5E76\u786E\u4FDD\u5176\u6B63\u5E38\u8FD0\u884C\u3002\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D2E\u5B58\u8BBE\u65BD\u603B\u5BB9\u79EF\u4E0D\u5F97\u4F4E\u4E8E\u5F53\u5730\u519C\u6797\u4F5C\u7269\u751F\u4EA7\u7528\u80A5\u7684\u6700\u5927\u95F4\u9694\u65F6\u95F4\u5185\u4EA7\u751F\u7CAA\u6C61\u7684\u603B\u91CF\uFF0C\u914D\u5957\u571F\u5730\u9762\u79EF\u4E0D\u5F97\u5C0F\u4E8E\u300A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u571F\u5730\u627F\u8F7D\u529B\u6D4B\u7B97\u6280\u672F\u6307\u5357\u300B\u8981\u6C42\u7684\u6700\u5C0F\u9762\u79EF\uFF1B\u5BF9\u4E8E\u914D\u5957\u571F\u5730\u9762\u79EF\u4E0D\u8DB3\u7684\uFF0C\u5E94\u59D4\u6258\u7B2C\u4E09\u65B9\u4EE3\u4E3A\u5B9E\u73B0\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\uFF0C\u6216\u8FDB\u884C\u6C61\u6C34\u6DF1\u5EA6\u5904\u7406\u540E\u8FBE\u6807\u6392\u653E\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E09\u662F\u89C4\u6A21\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u5E94\u5236\u5B9A\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u8BA1\u5212\u5E76\u5EFA\u7ACB\u53F0\u8D26\u3002
\n\u5E94\u63D0\u524D\u786E\u5B9A\u7CAA\u80A5\u8FD8\u7530\u5229\u7528\u8BA1\u5212\uFF0C\u6839\u636E\u517B\u6B96\u89C4\u6A21\u660E\u786E\u914D\u5957\u519C\u7530\u9762\u79EF\u3001\u519C\u7530\u7C7B\u578B\u3001\u79CD\u690D\u5236\u5EA6\u3001\u7CAA\u80A5\u65BD\u7528\u65F6\u95F4\u53CA\u4F7F\u7528\u91CF\u7B49\u3002\u540C\u65F6\u9700\u5EFA\u7ACB\u7CAA\u6C61\u5904\u7406\u548C\u7CAA\u80A5\u5229\u7528\u53F0\u8D26\uFF0C\u53CA\u65F6\u8BB0\u5F55\u7CAA\u6C61\u65E5\u5904\u7406\u91CF\u548C\u7CAA\u80A5\u65BD\u7528\u65F6\u95F4\u3001\u65BD\u7528\u91CF\u4E0E\u65BD\u80A5\u65B9\u5F0F\u7B49\uFF0C\u786E\u4FDD\u53F0\u8D26\u6570\u636E\u771F\u5B9E\u51C6\u786E\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
\n\u95EE\uFF1A\u5404\u7EA7\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u3001\u751F\u6001\u73AF\u5883\u90E8\u95E8\u5E94\u627F\u62C5\u54EA\u4E9B\u8D23\u4EFB\uFF0C\u91C7\u53D6\u54EA\u4E9B\u4FDD\u969C\u548C\u652F\u6491\u63AA\u65BD\uFF1F
\n
\n\u7B54\uFF1A\u4E00\u662F\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u95E8\u5E94\u52A0\u5F3A\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u8FD8\u7530\u6280\u672F\u6307\u5BFC\u548C\u670D\u52A1\uFF0C\u6307\u5BFC\u5EFA\u8BBE\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u914D\u5957\u8BBE\u65BD\u7B49\u3002\u9F13\u52B1\u517B\u6B96\u573A\u6237\u5168\u91CF\u6536\u96C6\u548C\u5229\u7528\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\uFF0C\u6839\u636E\u5B9E\u9645\u60C5\u51B5\u9009\u62E9\u5408\u7406\u7684\u8F93\u9001\u548C\u65BD\u7528\u65B9\u5F0F\u3002\u56E0\u5730\u5236\u5B9C\uFF0C\u63A8\u884C\u7ECF\u6D4E\u9AD8\u6548\u7684\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u6280\u672F\u6A21\u5F0F\uFF0C\u63A8\u5E7F\u5168\u91CF\u673A\u68B0\u5316\u65BD\u7528\u3002
\n
\n\u4E8C\u662F\u519C\u4E1A\u519C\u6751\u90E8\u95E8\u5E94\u52A0\u5F3A\u6280\u672F\u548C\u88C5\u5907\u652F\u6491\uFF0C\u5305\u62EC\u755C\u79BD\u7CAA\u6C61\u5168\u91CF\u6536\u96C6\u6280\u672F\u4E0E\u88C5\u5907\uFF0C\u7CAA\u6C61\u9AD8\u6548\u8F93\u9001\u3001\u65BD\u7528\u6280\u672F\u4E0E\u88C5\u5907\u7684\u7814\u53D1\u53CA\u63A8\u5E7F\uFF0C\u7740\u529B\u7834\u9664\u7CAA\u6C61\u8D44\u6E90\u5316\u5229\u7528\u8FC7\u7A0B\u4E2D\u7684\u6280\u672F\u548C\u6210\u672C\u969C\u788D\u3002
\n\u3000\u3000
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\n\u8F7B\u75C7\u8005\uFF0C\u53D1\u75C5\u521D\u671F\u4E0D\u98DF\u3001\u5E38\u6709\u5455\u5410\u73B0\u8C61\uFF0C\u6392\u4FBF\u9ED1\u3001\u5916\u89C2\u50CF\u725B\u7CAA\uFF0C\u5185\u89C2\u6697\u7EA2\u8272\uFF0C\u4E25\u91CD\u8005\u8F6C\u4E3A\u9171\u8272\u3002\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n\u4E2A\u522B\u809B\u95E8\u6392\u51FA\u957F\u7EA6\u4E00\u5C3A\u591A\u957F\u7684\u7ED2\u6BDB\u819C\u574F\u6B7B\u7269\uFF0C\u6392\u8840\u6BD4\u8F83\u4E25\u91CD\uFF0C\u8179\u90E8\u4E5F\u4F1A\u9010\u6E10\u589E\u5927\uFF0C\u53E3\u89D2\u5F20\u5F00\uFF0C\u6D41\u6D8E\u6216\u8005\u6CE1\u6CAB\uFF0C\u4E14\u7CBE\u795E\u4F4E\u6C89\u4E0D\u5B89\uFF0C\u4F53\u6E29\u7A0D\u9AD8\u6216\u6B63\u5E38\uFF0C\u76AE\u80A4\u9010\u6E10\u53D8\u767D\u3002
\n\u5982\u4E0D\u53CA\u65F6\u6551\u6CBB\uFF0C\u8868\u73B0\u547C\u5438\u56F0\u96BE\uFF0C\u5171\u6D4E\u5931\u8C03\u3001\u72C2\u8E81\uFF0C\u8179\u90E8\u6781\u5EA6\u81A8\u80C0\u5927\uFF0C\u76AE\u80A4\u53D1\u7EC0\u540E\u8870\u7AED\u6B7B\u4EA1\uFF0C\u6B7B\u540E\u76AE\u80A4\u82CD\u767D\uFF0C\u53E3\u9F3B\u6D41\u8840\u6C34\u6837\u6CE1\u6CAB\u3002\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n\u80A0\u626D\u8F6C\u5256\u68C0\u53D8\u5316\uFF1A
\n\u53EF\u89C1\u80C3\u80A0\u9053\u5145\u6C14\uFF0C\u80C3\u626D\u8F6C\u6216\u6269\u5F20\uFF0C\u80C3\u7C98\u819C\u5448\u8F83\u4E25\u91CD\u7684\u51FA\u8840\u6027\u708E\u75C7\uFF0C\u90E8\u5206\u75C5\u4F8B\u53EF\u89C1\u80C3\u6E83\u75A1;
\n\u80A0\u7CFB\u819C\u5145\u8840\uFF0C\u5C0F\u80A0\u89C1\u6709\u8F7B\u91CD\u4E0D\u4E00\u7684\u5361\u4ED6\u6027\u708E\u75C7;
\n\u5FC3\u3001\u809D\u3001\u80BA\u3001\u80BE\u53CA\u6DCB\u5DF4\u7ED3\u7B49\u810F\u5668\u57FA\u672C\u6B63\u5E38;
\n\u813E\u79FB\u4F4D\u3001\u80BF\u5927\u51E0\u500D\u3002
\n\u80C3\u626D\u8F6C\u662F\u8BE5\u75C5\u7684\u4E00\u4E2A\u7279\u5F81\u6027\u75C5\u53D8\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n
\n\u4E09\u3001\u6BCD\u732A\u80C0\u6C14\u7684\u6CBB\u7597\u65B9\u6CD5\u3000
\n1\u3001\u6D88\u5316\u4E0D\u826F\u5F15\u8D77\u7684\u80C0\u6C14\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n(1)\u9972\u6599\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0\u4EBA\u5DE5\u76D0\u3001\u9175\u6BCD\u7247\u3001\u5C0F\u82CF\u6253\u6216\u6DFB\u52A0\u4E00\u4E9B\u5FAE\u751F\u6001\u5236\u5242\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n(2)\u808C\u6CE8\u6C2F\u5316\u6C28\u7532\u9170\u7532\u80C6\u78B1\uFF0C\u8C03\u7406\u80C3\u80A0\u9053\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n(3)\u4ECE\u7BA1\u7406\u4E0A\u5C31\u9700\u8981\u589E\u52A0\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u8FD0\u52A8\uFF0C\u589E\u52A0\u996E\u6C34\u7B49\u63AA\u65BD\u3002\u3000
\n2\u3001\u4EA7\u6C14\u835A\u819C\u68AD\u83CC\u5BFC\u81F4\u7684\u80C0\u6C14\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n\u539F\u5219\uFF1A\u653E\u6C14\uFF0C\u6D88\u6CAB\u6B62\u9175\uFF0C\u901A\u80A0\u5229\u4FBF\uFF0C\u5F3A\u5FC3\u8865\u6DB2\u3002\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n(1)\u53E3\u670D\u4E8C\u7532\u7845\u6CB9\u7247\uFF0C\u6BCF\u6B2150\uFF5E75mg\uFF0C\u4E00\u65E53\u6B21\uFF0C\u7528\u4E8E\u6D88\u9664\u80C3\u80A0\u9053\u4E2D\u7684\u6CE1\u6CAB\uFF0C\u540C\u65F6\u4E5F\u53EF\u670D\u7528\u533B\u7528\u70AD\u7247\u589E\u5F3A\u6392\u6C14\u7684\u901F\u5EA6\uFF0C\u4EE5\u8FBE\u5230\u89E3\u8868\u7684\u76EE\u7684\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n(2)\u53D1\u75C5\u732A\u808C\u8089\u6CE8\u5C04\u5934\u5B62\u567B\u544B\u94A030mg/kg\uFF0C\u540C\u65F6\u808C\u6CE8\u7EF4\u751F\u7D20C10ml+\u7EF4\u751F\u7D20 B10ml\uFF0C\u6BCF\u59292\u6B21\u3002
\n(3)\u672A\u53D1\u75C5\u7FA4\u752870%\u963F\u83AB\u897F\u6797400g\u300110%\u5F3A\u529B\u9709\u7D202000g\u3001\u7535\u89E3\u591A\u7EF4500g\u3001\u8461\u8404\u7CD6\u7C892000g\u62CC\u65991t\uFF0C\u8FDE\u55827\u5929\u3002\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n3\u3001\u80A0\u626D\u8F6C\u5BFC\u81F4\u7684\u80C0\u6C14\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000
\n(1)\u5BF9\u4ED4\u732A\u5E94\u52A0\u5F3A\u9972\u517B\u7BA1\u7406\uFF0C\u4E0D\u5582\u7ED9\u6709\u523A\u6FC0\u6027\u9972\u6599\uFF0C\u8F7B\u5EA6\u7684\u80A0\u5957\u53E0\u53EF\u80FD\u81EA\u884C\u6062\u590D;\u4E25\u91CD\u7684\u80A0\u5957\u53E0\u5E38\u5728\u6570\u5C0F\u65F6\u5185\u6B7B\u4EA1\u3002
\n(2)\u6162\u6027\u7684\u5E38\u4F34\u53D1\u80A0\u58C1\u574F\u6B7B\uFF0C\u9884\u540E\u4E0D\u826F\uFF0C\u65E9\u671F\u786E\u8BCA\u540E\u65BD\u884C\u624B\u672F\u6574\u590D\u6709\u6CBB\u6108\u5E0C\u671B\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n

\n\u56DB\u3001\u6BCD\u732A\u80C0\u6C14\u7684\u9884\u9632\u63AA\u65BD
\n1\u3001\u6000\u5B55\u53CA\u54FA\u4E73\u6BCD\u732A\u8981\u4E25\u683C\u5206\u65F6\u6BB5\u3001\u5206\u9910\u3001\u5B9A\u91CF\u9972\u5582\uFF0C\u9632\u6B62\u5403\u5F97\u8FC7\u9971\u5F15\u8D77\u6D88\u5316\u4E0D\u826F\u3002
\n2\u3001\u732A\u820D\u8981\u505A\u597D\u6E05\u6D01\u536B\u751F\u53CA\u9972\u6599\u5B58\u50A8\u5DE5\u4F5C\uFF0C\u9632\u6B62\u9709\u53D8\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n3\u3001\u9002\u5F53\u63D0\u9AD8\u51AC\u5B63\u598A\u5A20\u820D\u7684\u6E29\u5EA6\uFF0C\u5C3D\u91CF\u907F\u514D\u996E\u6C34\u3001\u9972\u6599\u9709\u53D8\u5BF9\u6BCD\u732A\u80C3\u80A0\u9053\u7684\u523A\u6FC0\uFF0C\u4ECE\u800C\u907F\u514D\u80C3\u80A0\u80C0\u6C14\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n4\u3001\u52A0\u5F3A\u8FD0\u52A8\uFF0C\u591A\u9972\u5582\u9752\u7EFF\u9972\u6599\uFF0C\u4FC3\u8FDB\u80C3\u80A0\u8815\u52A8\uFF0C\u51CF\u5C11\u538C\u6C27\u83CC\u6ECB\u751F\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n5\u3001\u6DFB\u52A0\u7EF4\u751F\u7D20\u548C\u76CA\u751F\u83CC\uFF0C\u63D0\u9AD8\u80C3\u80A0\u6D88\u5316\u80FD\u529B\u548C\u6297\u5E94\u6FC0\u80FD\u529B\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n6\u3001\u51AC\u6625\u5B63\u8282\u6216\u8005\u6C14\u6E29\u9891\u7E41\u53D8\u5316\u65F6\uFF0C\u5728\u732A\u7684\u9972\u6599\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0\u7532\u785D\u5511\uFF0C1000-2500g/\u5428\uFF0C\u8FDE\u55827\u5929;\u963F\u83AB\u897F\u6797+\u5F3A\u529B\u9709\u7D20\u5B63\u8282\u6027\u9884\u9632\u3002\u3000\u3000
\n\u4EE5\u4E0A\u5C31\u662F\u6BCD\u732A\u80C0\u6C14\u7684\u539F\u56E0\u4EE5\u53CA\u9884\u9632\u65B9\u6CD5\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5728\u517B\u732A\u8FC7\u7A0B\u4E2D\u4E00\u5B9A\u8981\u5408\u7406\u642D\u914D\u9972\u6599\uFF0C\u4E3A\u5176\u63D0\u4F9B\u5E72\u51C0\u5145\u8DB3\u7684\u996E\u6C34\uFF0C\u9002\u5F53\u7684\u589E\u5F3A\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u8FD0\u52A8\uFF0C\u53EF\u4EE5\u5728\u9972\u6599\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A0\u4E00\u4E9B\u7EF4\u751F\u7D20\u548C\u76CA\u751F\u83CC\uFF0C\u7EF4\u62A4\u6BCD\u732A\u6D88\u5316\u7CFB\u7EDF\u7684\u5065\u5EB7\u3002
\n
\n\u3010\u8F6C\u8F7D\u81EA\u3011\uFF1A\u732A\u4E1A\u89C6\u89D2/\u732A\u732A\u767E\u79D1
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\n\u9009\u62E9560\u53EA\u5C0F\u516C\u9E21\u968F\u673A\u5206\u4E3A4\u7EC4\uFF1A2\u4E2A\u9972\u517B\u5BC6\u5EA6\uFF089\u548C12\u53EA/m2\uFF09\u548C2\u4E2A\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u8865\u5145\u91CF\uFF08\u751F\u957F\u671F\uFF1A2.90\u62163.77 g/kg\u548C\u80B2\u6210\u671F\uFF1A2.60\u62163.38 g/kg\uFF09\u3002\u6BCF\u5468\u8BB0\u5F55\u751F\u957F\u60C5\u51B5\u3002\u5728\u6BCF\u4E2A\u5468\u671F\u7ED3\u675F\u65F6\u91C7\u96C6\u8840\u6DB2\u548C\u7EC4\u7EC7\u6837\u672C\u3002
\n
\n\u7ED3\u679C\u8868\u660E\uFF0C\u5728\u751F\u957F\u548C\u80B2\u6210\u671F\uFF0C\u9AD8\u5BC6\u5EA6\u9972\u517B\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u9E21\u53EA\u7684\u4F53\u91CD\u548C\u751F\u957F\u6027\u80FD\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\uFF1B\u800C\u989D\u5916\u8865\u5145\u7684\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u90E8\u5206\u7684\u51CF\u5F31\u4E86\u8FD9\u4E9B\u5DEE\u5F02\u3002\u5728\u4E24\u4E2A\u5E74\u9F84\u6BB5\u4E2D\uFF0C\u9AD8\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u7EC4\u9E21\u53EA\u5927\u817F\u7684\u8C37\u80F1\u7518\u80BD\u6D53\u5EA6\u63D0\u9AD8\uFF08> 24%\uFF0CP < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u5728\u751F\u957F\u671F\uFF0C\u9AD8\u5BC6\u5EA6\u9972\u517B\u63D0\u9AD8\u4E86\u9E21\u53EA\u8840\u6D46\u3001\u80F8\u90E8\u548C\u5927\u817F\u7684\u8C37\u80F1\u7518\u80BD\u6D53\u5EA6\uFF08> 28%\uFF0CP < 0.05\uFF09\uFF1B\u4F46\u662F\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u751F\u957F\u671F\u809D\u810F\u548C\u80B2\u6210\u671F\u5927\u817F\u4E2D\u7684\u8C37\u80F1\u7518\u80BD\u6C34\u5E73\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u5728\u9E21\u53EA\u751F\u957F\u671F\u809D\u810F\u548C\u80B2\u6210\u671F\u80F8\u90E8\u3001\u5927\u817F\u548C\u8102\u80AA\u7EC4\u7EC7\u4E2D\u7684\u6297\u6C27\u5316\u9176\u8C37\u80F1\u7518\u80BDS-\u8F6C\u79FB\u9176\u6D3B\u6027\u65B9\u9762\uFF0C\u65E5\u7CAE\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u548C\u9972\u517B\u5BC6\u5EA6\u4E4B\u95F4\u5B58\u5728\u4E92\u4F5C\u6548\u5E94\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\u3002\u5728\u80B2\u6210\u671F\u9E21\u53EA\u5927\u817F\u7684\u8C37\u80F1\u7518\u80BD\u8FC7\u6C27\u5316\u7269\u9176\u548C\u8D85\u6C27\u5316\u7269\u6B67\u5316\u9176\u6D3B\u6027\u65B9\u9762\u4E5F\u53D1\u73B0\u4E86\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u548C\u9972\u517B\u5BC6\u5EA6\u7684\u4E92\u4F5C\u6548\u5E94\u3002\u5728\u80B2\u6210\u671F\uFF0C\u989D\u5916\u8865\u5145\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u70ED\u4F11\u514B\u86CB\u767D90\uFF0818%\uFF09\u7684\u809D\u57FA\u56E0\u8868\u8FBE\uFF08P < 0.05\uFF09\uFF0C\u51CF\u5C11\u4E86\u5927\u817F\u548C\u80F8\u90E8\u4E19\u4E8C\u919B\u6C34\u5E73\uFF0835%\uFF09\u3002
\n
\n\u7EFC\u4E0A\u6240\u8FF0\uFF0C\u6DFB\u52A030%\u7684DL-\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u80FD\u591F\u90E8\u5206\u7684\u51CF\u8F7B\u9972\u517B\u5BC6\u5EA6\u589E\u52A0\u6240\u5E26\u6765\u7684\u4E0D\u826F\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u6539\u5584\u8089\u9E21\u7684\u6C27\u5316\u8FD8\u539F\u72B6\u6001\u3002
\n
\nSupplemental methionine and stocking density affect antioxidant status, fatty acid profiles, and growth performance of broiler chickens
\n
\nBroilers stocked in high densities may be prone to oxidative and inflammatory insults, resulting in impaired health status, growth performance, and meat quality. This study was to determine if 30% extra supplemental DL-methionine alleviated or prevented those adverse effects of a higher stocking density in broiler chickens. A total of 560 male Cornish Cross cockerels (day old) were divided into four groups: two stocking densities (9 and 12 birds/m2) and two supplementations of methionine (grower: 2.90 or 3.77 g/kg and finisher: 2.60 or 3.38 g/kg). Growth performance was recorded weekly. Blood and tissues were sampled at the end of each period. High stocking density decreased (P < 0.05) body weight and growth performance of growers and (or) finishers. Those differences were partially attenuated by the extra methionine supplementation. The high methionine elevated (P < 0.05) glutathione (GSH) concentration in the thigh at both ages (> 24%). The high stocking density elevated (>28%, P < 0.05) glutathione concentration in the plasma, breast, and thigh of growers, but decreased (P < 0.05) it in the liver of growers and thigh of finishers. Interaction effects (P < 0.05) between dietary methionine and stocking density were found on activities of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione S-transferase in the liver of growers and breast, thigh, and adipose tissue of finishers. The interaction effect was also found on activities of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase in the thigh of growers. The extra methionine decreased (P < 0.05) hepatic gene expression of heat shock protein 90 (18%) and thigh and breast malondialdehyde concentrations of the finishers (35%). In conclusion, the 30% extra DL-methionine supplementation was able to partially mitigate adverse effects caused by the higher stocking density and to improve the redox status of the broilers.
\n
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This study was to determine if 30% extra supplemental DL-methionine alleviated or prevented those adverse effects of a higher stocking density in broiler chickens. A total of 560 male Cornish Cross cockerels (day old) were divided into four groups: two stocking densities (9 and 12 birds/m2) and two supplementations of methionine (grower: 2.90 or 3.77 g/kg and finisher: 2.60 or 3.38 g/kg). Growth performance was recorded weekly. Blood and tissues were sampled at the end of each period. High stocking density decreased (P < 0.05) body weight and growth performance of growers and (or) finishers. Those differences were partially attenuated by the extra methionine supplementation. The high methionine elevated (P < 0.05) glutathione (GSH) concentration in the thigh at both ages (> 24%). The high stocking density elevated (>28%, P < 0.05) glutathione concentration in the plasma, breast, and thigh of growers, but decreased (P < 0.05) it in the liver of growers and thigh of finishers. Interaction effects (P < 0.05) between dietary methionine and stocking density were found on activities of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione S-transferase in the liver of growers and breast, thigh, and adipose tissue of finishers. The interaction effect was also found on activities of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase in the thigh of growers. The extra methionine decreased (P < 0.05) hepatic gene expression of heat shock protein 90 (18%) and thigh and breast malondialdehyde concentrations of the finishers (35%). In conclusion, the 30% extra DL-methionine supplementation was able to partially mitigate adverse effects caused by the higher stocking density and to improve the redox status of the broilers.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"318","ClassID":"14","Title":"\u745E\u5B5A\u96C6\u56E2LED\u5927\u5C4F\u5E7F\u544A\u4EAE\u76F8\u5929\u6D25\u7AD9","SubTitle":"\u745E\u5B5A\u96C6\u56E2\u516C\u76CA\u5E7F\u544A\u4EAE\u76F8\u5929\u6D25\u7AD9LED\u5927\u5C4F","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"      6\u67088\u65E5\uFF0C\u745E\u5B5A\u96C6\u56E2LED\u5927\u5C4F\u5E7F\u544A\u767B\u9646\u5929\u6D25\u7AD9\u3002\u5929\u6D25\u7AD9\u4F4D\u4E8E\u6D77\u6CB3\u6CBF\u5CB8\uFF0C\u662F\u5929\u6D25\u5E02\u4EA4\u901A\u67A2\u7EBD\u5DE5\u7A0B\u7684\u6838\u5FC3\u7EC4\u6210\u90E8\u5206\uFF0C\u4EA6\u662F\u53D7\u77A9\u76EE\u7684\u5546\u4E1A\u6838\u5FC3\u5730\u6BB5\u3002\u6B64\u6B21\u4EAE\u76F8\uFF0C\u5E2E\u52A9\u4F20\u64AD\u548C\u5F3A\u5316\u4E86\u745E\u5B5A\u201C\u4EE5\u9886\u5148\u7684\u8425\u517B\u79D1\u6280\u63A8\u52A8\u755C\u7267\u884C\u4E1A\u53D1\u5C55\uFF0C\u521B\u9020\u5065\u5EB7\u7F8E\u597D\u751F\u6D3B\u201D\u7684\u4F01\u4E1A\u4F7F\u547D\u3002
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\n\t\"\" \n
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\n\u3000\u3000\u4E03\u3001\u81EA\u914D\u6599\u539F\u6599\u3001\u534A\u6210\u54C1\u3001\u6210\u54C1\u7B49\u5E94\u5F53\u4E0E\u519C\u836F\u3001\u5316\u80A5\u3001\u5316\u5DE5\u6709\u6BD2\u4EA7\u54C1\u4EE5\u53CA\u6709\u53EF\u80FD\u5371\u5BB3\u9972\u6599\u4EA7\u54C1\u5B89\u5168\u4E0E\u517B\u6B96\u52A8\u7269\u5065\u5EB7\u7684\u5176\u4ED6\u7269\u8D28\u5206\u5F00\u5B58\u653E\uFF0C\u5E76\u91C7\u53D6\u6709\u6548\u63AA\u65BD\u907F\u514D\u4EA4\u53C9\u6C61\u67D3\u3002
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\n\t2020\u5E746\u670812\u65E5\n
\n
\n
\n\t
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\n

\n3\u3001\u73AF\u5883\u6C14\u5019
\n\u5206\u5A29\u5B63\u8282\u6625\u79CB\u4E24\u5B63\uFF0C\u5929\u6C14\u6E29\u548C\u51C9\u723D\uFF0C\u9752\u7EFF\u9972\u6599\u591A\uFF0C\u6BCD\u732A\u98DF\u6B32\u65FA\u76DB\uFF0C\u6240\u4EE5\u5728\u8FD9\u4E24\u5B63\u5206\u5A29\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\uFF0C\u5176\u6CCC\u4E73\u91CF\u4E00\u822C\u8F83\u591A\u3002\u5929\u6C14\u708E\u70ED\uFF0C\u5F71\u54CD\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u4F53\u70ED\u5E73\u8861\uFF0C\u51AC\u5B63\u4E25\u5BD2\uFF0C\u6BCD\u732A\u4F53\u70ED\u6D88\u8017\u8FC7\u591A\u3002\u56E0\u6B64\uFF0C\u51AC\u590F\u5206\u5A29\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\u6CCC\u4E73\u53D7\u5230\u4E00\u5B9A\u7A0B\u5EA6\u7684\u54CD\u3002\u4E3A\u4E86\u907F\u514D\u590F\u5B63\u708E\u70ED\u548C\u51AC\u5B63\u4E25\u5BD2\u5BF9\u6BCD\u732A\u6CCC\u4E73\u91CF\u7684\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u6709\u4E9B\u732A\u573A\u91C7\u53D6\u6625\u79CB\u4E24\u5B63\u5B63\u8282\u6027\u5206\u5A29\u3002
\n\u732A\u820D\u6E29\u5EA6\u8FC7\u9AD8\u6216\u91C7\u5149\u4E0D\u8DB3\u3001\u901A\u98CE\u4E0D\u826F\uFF0C\u5747\u53EF\u9020\u6210\u6BCD\u732A\u4EA7\u540E\u65E0\u4E73\u75C7\u7684\u53D1\u751F\u3002
\n

\n4\u3001\u9972\u517B\u7BA1\u7406
\n\u6BCD\u732A\u6000\u5B55\u540E\u671F\u8425\u517B\u4E0D\u826F\uFF0C\u732A\u4F53\u6D88\u7626\uFF0C\u4E73\u817A\u6CA1\u6709\u5F97\u5230\u8F83\u597D\u7684\u53D1\u80B2\u3002
\n\u6BCD\u732A\u5728\u6000\u5B55\u671F\u95F4\u5582\u7ED9\u7684\u80FD\u91CF\u9972\u6599\u592A\u591A\uFF0C\u800C\u5176\u5B83\u7C7B\u578B\u7684\u9972\u6599\u4E0D\u8DB3\uFF0C\u732A\u4F53\u8FC7\u80D6\uFF0C\u5185\u5206\u6CCC\u5931\u8C03\u3002
\n\u5206\u5A29\u524D\u540E\u7684\u9972\u6599\u7A81\u7136\u6539\u53D8\uFF0C\u6216\u8005\u9972\u6599\u5355\u4E00\uFF0C\u8425\u517B\u4E0D\u8DB3\uFF1B
\n\u4EA7\u623F\u62E5\u6324\uFF0C\u901A\u98CE\u4E0D\u826F\uFF0C\u6E29\u5EA6\u8FC7\u9AD8\u7B49\u90FD\u53EF\u80FD\u5BFC\u81F4\u6BCD\u732A\u60A3\u65E0\u4E73\u7EFC\u5408\u75C7\u3002
\n\u54FA\u4E73\u820D\u5185\u5E94\u4FDD\u6301\u6E05\u6D01\u3001\u5E72\u71E5\u3001\u5B89\u9759\uFF0C\u7981\u6B62\u55A7\u54D7\u548C\u7C97\u66B4\u5730\u65F6\u5F85\u6BCD\u732A\uFF0C\u4E0D\u5F97\u968F\u610F\u66F4\u6539\u5DE5\u4F5C\u65E5\u7A0B\uFF0C\u4EE5\u514D\u5E72\u6270\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u6B63\u5E38\u4E73\u3002
\n\u5929\u6C14\u8FC7\u70ED,\u6BCD\u732A\u91C7\u98DF\u91CF\u4F4E,\u6CA1\u6709\u5145\u8DB3\u8425\u517B\u7528\u4E8E\u6CCC\u4E73,\u8FD9\u662F\u708E\u70ED\u590F\u5929\u5F15\u8D77\u6BCD\u732A\u6CCC\u4E73\u969C\u788D\u7684\u4E3B\u8981\u539F\u56E0,\u6216\u5929\u6C14\u8FC7\u51B7,\u7528\u4E8E\u62B5\u5FA1\u5BD2\u51B7\u6D88\u8017\u5927\u91CF\u8425\u517B\uFF1B
\n\u6BCD\u732A\u5206\u5A29\u524D\u540E\u53CA\u54FA\u4E73\u671F\u95F4\u6CE8\u5C04\u5E94\u6FC0\u53CD\u5E94\u5927\u7684\u75AB\u82D7;
\n\u6CCC\u4E73\u671F\u95F4\u8F6C\u680F;
\n\u5206\u5A29\u820D\u957F\u65F6\u95F4\u566A\u97F3\u8FC7\u5927;
\n\u7C97\u66B4\u5BF9\u5F85\u6BCD\u732A\uFF0C\u7A81\u7136\u53D7\u60CA\u3002
\n\u4E34\u4EA7\u65F6\u6CA1\u6709\u6E05\u6D01\u6D88\u6BD2\u597D\u4E73\u623F\u4E73\u5934,\u4E73\u817A\u53D1\u708E,\u4E73\u5934\u7BA1\u4E0D\u901A\u3002
\n

\n5\u3001\u75BE\u75C5
\n\u5982\u732A\u761F\u3001\u5706\u73AF\u75C5\u6BD2\u3001\u6D41\u884C\u6027\u8179\u6CFB\u3001\u84DD\u8033\u75C5\u7684\u4F4E\u6BD2\u611F\u67D3\uFF0C\u5F15\u8D77\u6BCD\u732A\u4E73\u5C11\u3001\u7F3A\u4E73\u7B49\u3002\u5927\u80A0\u6746\u83CC\u3001\u6EB6\u8840\u6027\u94FE\u7403\u83CC\u3001\u8461\u8404\u7403\u8404\u7B49\u5F15\u8D77\u7684\u4E73\u623F\u708E\u7B49
\n\u4EA7\u540E\u611F\u67D3\u5F15\u8D77\u65E0\u4E73\uFF0C\u6BCD\u732A\u5206\u5A29\u65F6\u95F4\u8FC7\u957F\uFF0C\u80CE\u8863\u788E\u7247\u6EDE\u7559\u53CA\u5B50\u5BAB\uFF0C\u5BB9\u91CF\u611F\u67D3\u6EB6\u8840\u6027\u94FE\u7403\u83CC\u3001\u91D1\u9EC4\u8272\u8461\u8404\u7403\u8404\u3001\u5927\u80A0\u6746\u83CC\u3001\u7EFF\u8113\u6746\u83CC\u7B49\u7EC6\u83CC\u800C\u5F15\u8D77\u9634\u9053\u708E\u3001\u5B50\u5BAB\u708E\u548C\u4E73\u623F\u708E\uFF0C\u4E34\u5E8A\u4E0A\u8868\u73B0\u4E3A\u6BCD\u732A\u538C\u98DF\u6216\u51CF\u98DF\uFF0C\u7CBE\u795E\u4E0D\u632F\uFF0C\u4E73\u623F\u7EA2\u80BF\u6709\u786C\u7ED3\uFF0C\u6CCC\u4E73\u51CF\u5C11\u751A\u81F3\u6216\u65E0\u4E73\u3002\u4F53\u6E29\u5347\u81F339.8-41.5\u5EA6\uFF0C\u9634\u9053\u6392\u51FA\u591A\u91CF\u6DE1\u9EC4\u8910\u8272\u6216\u9EC4\u767D\u8272\u7C98\u6DB2\uFF0C\u6076\u81ED\uFF0C\u5148\u7A00\u8584\u800C\u540E\u7A20\u539A\u3002\u5176\u5B83\u5168\u8EAB\u6027\u75BE\u75C5\u5982\u732A\u7684\u84DD\u8033\u75C5\u7B49\u4E5F\u53EF\u80FD\u5F15\u8D77\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u65E0\u4E73\u7EFC\u5408\u75C7\u3002
\n\u4E73\u623F\u708E\u3001\u5B50\u5BAB\u5185\u819C\u708E\u3001\u4E73\u817A\u708E\u5F15\u8D77\u7684\u6CCC\u4E73\u5931\u8D25\u75C5\u7406\u6700\u4E3A\u660E\u663E\uFF0C\u6700\u5E38\u5BFC\u81F4\u65E0\u4E73\u7684\u662F\u57C3\u5E0C\u5927\u80A0\u6746\u83CC\u3002
\n\u4E34\u4EA7\u6216\u4EA7\u540E\u6BCD\u732A\u4FBF\u79D8\u5BFC\u81F4\u6BCD\u732A\u6CCC\u4E73\u969C\u788D\u3002
\n\u4E73\u623F\u708E\u5BFC\u81F4\u6BCD\u732A\u6CCC\u4E73\u969C\u788D\u3002\u6BCD\u732A\u4E73\u623F\u56E0\u4F24\u53E3\u611F\u67D3\u7EC6\u83CC\u5F15\u8D77\u6BCD\u732A\u4E73\u623F\u708E\u75C7\uFF0C\u5E38\u89C1\u56E0\u7D20\u6709\uFF1A\u4ED4\u732A\u54AC\u4F24\u4E73\u5934\uFF0C\u4E3B\u8981\u662F\u4ED4\u732A\u6CA1\u526A\u72AC\u7259\u6216\u6CA1\u526A\u6574\u9F50\u72AC\u7259\u800C\u54AC\u4F24\u4E73\u5934\uFF1B\u732A\u820D\u5730\u9762\u6216\u4EA7\u680F\u7C97\u7CD9\u4E0D\u5E73\uFF0C\u56E0\u78E8\u64E6\u635F\u4F24\u4E73\u623F\uFF0C\u4EA7\u680F\u6F0F\u9022\u8FB9\u7F18\u9510\u5229\uFF0C\u64E6\u4F24\u6216\u5939\u65AD\u4E73\u5934\uFF1B\u4EA7\u540E\u5934\u51E0\u5929\u91C7\u98DF\u8FC7\u591A,\u4E73\u6C41\u8FC7\u591A\u8FC7\u6D53\uFF0C\u542E\u4E73\u6709\u9650\uFF0C\u4E73\u6C41\u6EDE\u7559\u5BFC\u81F4\u4E73\u623F\u708E\uFF1B\u56E0\u5B50\u5BAB\u708E\u75C7\u800C\u7EE7\u53D1\u4E73\u623F\u708E\u75C7\u3002\u6025\u6027\u4E73\u623F\u708E\u8868\u73B0\u4E3A\u4E73\u623F\u80BF\u80C0\uFF0C\u75BC\u75DB\uFF0C\u4E0D\u8BA9\u4ED4\u732A\u542E\u4E73\uFF0C\u53EF\u6324\u51FA\u5C11\u91CF\u6DE1\u9EC4\u7C98\u7A20\u4E73\u6C41\uFF1B\u6162\u6027\u8005\u8868\u73B0\u4E3A\u4E73\u623F\u5185\u786C\u5757\uFF0C\u56E0\u6025\u6027\u4E73\u623F\u708E\u6CBB\u7597\u4E0D\u5F7B\u5E95\u81F3\u4F7F\u4E73\u623F\u7ED3\u7F14\u7EC4\u7EC7\u589E\u751F\uFF0C\u5931\u53BB\u6CCC\u4E73\u529F\u80FD\u3002
\n\u6025\u6027\u5B50\u5BAB\u5185\u819C\u708E\u5BFC\u81F4\u6BCD\u732A\u6CCC\u4E73\u969C\u788D\u3002
\n\u4F20\u67D3\u6027\u7E41\u6B96\u969C\u788D\u5BFC\u81F4\u6BCD\u732A\u6CCC\u4E73\u969C\u788D\u3002\u6BCD\u732A\u56E0\u611F\u67D3\u732A\u7E41\u6B96\u4E0E\u547C\u5438\u7EFC\u5408\u5F81\u3001\u4F2A\u72C2\u72AC\u3001\u65E5\u672C\u4E59\u578B\u8111\u708E\u3001\u7EC6\u5C0F\u75C5\u6BD2\uFF0C\u7E41\u6B96\u969C\u788D\u578B\u732A\u761F\u7B49\u75BE\u75C5\uFF0C\u60A3\u75C5\u6BCD\u732A\u8868\u73B0\u4E3A\u6BCD\u732A\u6B7B\u80CE\u3001\u6D41\u4EA7\u3001\u65E9\u4EA7\u3001\u4EA7\u6728\u4E43\u4F0A\u80CE\u53CA\u53D1\u70ED\u3001\u538C\u98DF\u7B49\u75C7\u72B6\uFF0C\u540C\u65F6\u4F1A\u5F15\u8D77\u5B50\u5BAB\u708E\u3001\u4E73\u623F\u708E\u548C\u5C11\u4E73\u6216\u65E0\u4E73\u3002\u5E38\u89C1\u4ED4\u732A\u4E0B\u75E2\u53CA\u51FA\u73B0\u4E25\u91CD\u7684\u5168\u8EAB\u75C7\u72B6\u800C\u6B7B\u4EA1\u3002
\n\u6BCD\u732A\u54FA\u4E73\u671F\u8179\u6CFB\uFF0C\u5C24\u5176\u51AC\u6625\u5B63\u75C5\u6BD2\u6027\u8179\u6CFB\u5BFC\u81F4\u6BCD\u732A\u6CCC\u4E73\u969C\u788D\u3002\u6BCD\u732A\u56E0\u91C7\u98DF\u53D1\u9709\u53D8\u8D28\u9972\u6599\uFF0C\u6216\u56E0\u611F\u67D3\u4F20\u67D3\u6027\u80C3\u80A0\u708E\u3001\u6D41\u884C\u6027\u8179\u6CFB\u7B49\u75BE\u75C5\u65F6\uFF0C\u5F15\u8D77\u60A3\u75C5\u6BCD\u732A\u6C34\u6837\u8179\u6CFB\uFF0C\u5455\u5410\uFF0C\u538C\u98DF\uFF0C\u5BFC\u81F4\u6CCC\u4E73\u51CF\u5C11\u3002\u540C\u65F6\u53EF\u89C1\u54FA\u4E73\u4ED4\u732A\u51FA\u73B0\u8179\u6CFB\uFF0C\u5455\u5410\uFF0C1\uFF5E2\u5468\u9F84\u4ED4\u732A\u5927\u591A\u51FA\u73B0\u4E25\u91CD\u8131\u6C34\u800C\u6B7B\u4EA1\u3002
\n\u4EA7\u8925\u70ED\uFF08\u4EA7\u540E\u8D25\u8840\u75C7\uFF09\u5BFC\u81F4\u6BCD\u732A\u6CCC\u4E73\u969C\u788D\u3002\u6BCD\u732A\u5728\u5206\u5A29\u65F6\u56E0\u611F\u67D3\u6EB6\u8840\u6027\u94FE\u7403\u83CC\u3001\u91D1\u9EC4\u8272\u8461\u8404\u7403\u83CC\u3001\u5927\u80A0\u6746\u83CC\u53CA\u7EFF\u8113\u6746\u83CC\u7B49\u75C5\u539F\u83CC\uFF0C\u75C5\u539F\u83CC\u4FB5\u5165\u8840\u6DB2\u5E76\u5927\u91CF\u751F\u957F\u7E41\u6B96\uFF0C\u4EA7\u751F\u5927\u91CF\u6BD2\u7D20\uFF0C\u5F15\u8D77\u6BCD\u732A\u4EA7\u540E\u7EDD\u98DF\u9AD8\u70ED\uFF0C\u547C\u5438\u6025\u4FC3\uFF0C\u5916\u9634\u6D41\u51FA\u8910\u7EA2\u8272\u6076\u81ED\u5206\u6CCC\u7269\uFF0C\u6CCC\u4E73\u969C\u788D\uFF0C\u751A\u81F3\u51FA\u73B0\u4E25\u91CD\u81EA\u4F53\u4E2D\u6BD2\u3002
\n\u5BC4\u751F\u866B\u4E25\u91CD\u611F\u67D3\u4F53\uFF1A\u6CA1\u6709\u5B9A\u671F\u9A71\u866B\uFF0C\u4F7F\u6BCD\u732A\u4E25\u91CD\u611F\u67D3\u4F53\u5185\u5BC4\u751F\u866B\uFF08\u86D4\u866B\uFF09\uFF0C\u4F53\u5916\u5BC4\u751F\u866B\uFF08\u87A8\u866B\uFF09\uFF0C\u6216\u957F\u671F\u53D7\u868A\u866B\u53CA\u82CD\u8747\u5E72\u6270\uFF0C\u5BC4\u751F\u866B\u611F\u67D3\u4F1A\u5438\u53D6\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u8425\u517B\uFF0C\u5E72\u6270\u6BCD\u732A\u4F11\u606F\uFF0C\u4ECE\u800C\u4F7F\u6BCD\u732A\u6CCC\u4E73\u51CF\u5C11\u3002
\n 
\n6\u3001\u5E94\u6FC0\u56E0\u7D20

\n\u598A\u5A20\u672B\u671F\u6BCD\u732A\u53D7\u5230\u9A71\u8D76\uFF0C\u65E5\u7CAE\u7684\u6539\u53D8\u3001\u8FD0\u8F93\u3001\u566A\u97F3\u3001\u4EE5\u53CA\u6CE8\u5C04\u836F\u7269\u3001\u514D\u75AB\u75AB\u82D7\u7B49\uFF0C\u5176\u4E2D\u5206\u5A29\u662F\u6BCD\u732A\u6700\u5927\u7684\u5E94\u6FC0\uFF0C\u9020\u6210\u6BCD\u732A\u4EA7\u540E\u65E0\u4E73\u3002
\n
\n 7\u3001\u5185\u5206\u6CCC\u56E0\u7D20

\n\u7531\u4E8E\u6000\u5B55\u732A\u820D\u6539\u6362\u5230\u4EA7\u4ED4\u820D\uFF0C\u6E29\u5EA6\u548C\u6E7F\u5EA6\u7684\u6539\u53D8\uFF0C\u8BB8\u591A\u4E0D\u662F\u56E0\u4E73\u623F\u708E\u5F15\u8D77\u7684\u6CCC\u4E73\u5931\u8D25\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\uFF0C\u5728\u4EA7\u524D\u5934\u51E0\u5929\uFF0C\u9020\u6210\u5185\u5206\u6CCC\u5FAA\u73AF\u4E0D\u8DB3\u6216\u7D0A\u4E71\u3002
\n
\n8\u3001\u6392\u4E73\u969C\u788D\u5F15\u8D77\u7F3A\u4E73

\n
\n9\u3001\u80CE\u6B21\uFF08\u5E74\u9F84\uFF09

\n\u80CE\u6B21\uFF08\u5E74\u9F84\uFF09\u5728\u4E00\u822C\u60C5\u51B5\u4E0B\uFF0C\u521D\u4EA7\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u6CCC\u4E73\u91CF\u4F4E\u4E8E\u7ECF\u4EA7\u6BCD\u732A\uFF0C\u539F\u56E0\u662F\u521D\u4EA7\u6BCD\u732A\u4E73\u817A\u53D1\u80B2\u4E0D\u5B8C\u5168\uFF0C\u53C8\u7F3A\u4E4F\u54FA\u80B2\u4ED4\u732A\u7684\u7ECF\u9A8C\uFF0C\u5BF9\u4E8E\u4ED4\u732A\u542E\u4E73\u7684\u523A\u6FC0\uFF0C\u7ECF\u5E38\u5904\u4E8E\u5174\u594B\u6216\u7D27\u5F20\u72B6\u6001\uFF0C\u52A0\u4E4B\u81EA\u8EAB\u7684\u53D1\u80B2\u8FD8\u672A\u5B8C\u5584\uFF0C\u6CCC\u4E73\u91CF\u5FC5\u7136\u53D7\u5230\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u540C\u65F6\u6392\u4E73\u901F\u5EA6\u6162\u3002
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\n
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\n
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\n
\n12\u3001\u4ED4\u732A\u56E0\u7D20\uFF1A

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\n
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7\u3001\u5185\u5206\u6CCC\u56E0\u7D20\n\u7531\u4E8E\u6000\u5B55\u732A\u820D\u6539\u6362\u5230\u4EA7\u4ED4\u820D\uFF0C\u6E29\u5EA6\u548C\u6E7F\u5EA6\u7684\u6539\u53D8\uFF0C\u8BB8\u591A\u4E0D\u662F\u56E0\u4E73\u623F\u708E\u5F15\u8D77\u7684\u6CCC\u4E73\u5931\u8D25\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\uFF0C\u5728\u4EA7\u524D\u5934\u51E0\u5929\uFF0C\u9020\u6210\u5185\u5206\u6CCC\u5FAA\u73AF\u4E0D\u8DB3\u6216\u7D0A\u4E71\u30028\u3001\u6392\u4E73\u969C\u788D\u5F15\u8D77\u7F3A\u4E739\u3001\u80CE\u6B21\uFF08\u5E74\u9F84\uFF09\n\u80CE\u6B21\uFF08\u5E74\u9F84\uFF09\u5728\u4E00\u822C\u60C5\u51B5\u4E0B\uFF0C\u521D\u4EA7\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u6CCC\u4E73\u91CF\u4F4E\u4E8E\u7ECF\u4EA7\u6BCD\u732A\uFF0C\u539F\u56E0\u662F\u521D\u4EA7\u6BCD\u732A\u4E73\u817A\u53D1\u80B2\u4E0D\u5B8C\u5168\uFF0C\u53C8\u7F3A\u4E4F\u54FA\u80B2\u4ED4\u732A\u7684\u7ECF\u9A8C\uFF0C\u5BF9\u4E8E\u4ED4\u732A\u542E\u4E73\u7684\u523A\u6FC0\uFF0C\u7ECF\u5E38\u5904\u4E8E\u5174\u594B\u6216\u7D27\u5F20\u72B6\u6001\uFF0C\u52A0\u4E4B\u81EA\u8EAB\u7684\u53D1\u80B2\u8FD8\u672A\u5B8C\u5584\uFF0C\u6CCC\u4E73\u91CF\u5FC5\u7136\u53D7\u5230\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C\u540C\u65F6\u6392\u4E73\u901F\u5EA6\u6162\u3002\n\u4E00\u822C\u6765\u8BF4\uFF0C\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u6CCC\u4E73\u4ECE\u7B2C\u4E8C\u80CE\u5F00\u59CB\u4E0A\u5347\uFF0C\u4EE5\u540E\u4FDD\u6301\u4E00\u5B9A\u6C34\u5E73\uFF0C\uFF16\uFF5E\uFF17\u80CE\u540E\u6709\u4E0B\u964D\u8D8B\u52BF\u3002\u6211\u56FD\u7E41\u6B96\u529B\u9AD8\u7684\u5730\u65B9\u732A\u79CD\uFF0C\u6CCC\u4E73\u91CF\u4E0B\u964D\u8F83\u665A\u3002\n\u521D\u4EA7\u6BCD\u732A\u914D\u79CD\u8FC7\u65E9\uFF0C\u4E73\u817A\u53D1\u80B2\u4E0D\u5168\uFF0C\u6CCC\u4E73\u6FC0\u7D20\u548C\u795E\u7ECF\u673A\u80FD\u5931\u8C03\u7B49\u3002\n\u6BCD\u732A\u6DD8\u6C70\u7387\u592A\u4F4E\uFF0C\u5E74\u9F84\u592A\u5927\uFF0C\u98DF\u6B32\u4E0D\u65FA\u76DB\uFF0C\u6D88\u5316\u5438\u6536\u4E5F\u4E0D\u597D\u300210\u3001\u7A9D\u5E26\u4ED4\u6570\u3001\u4F53\u51B5\u53CA\u54FA\u4E73\u671F\u8425\u517B\u6C34\u5E73\u7B49\u3002\n\u5E26\u4ED4\u6570\u6BCD\u732A\u4E00\u7A9D\u5E26\u4ED4\u6570\u591A\u5C11\u4E0E\u5176\u6CCC\u4E73\u91CF\u5173\u7CFB\u5BC6\u5207\uFF0C\u7A9D\u5E26\u4ED4\u6570\u591A\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\uFF0C\u6CCC\u4E73\u91CF\u4E5F\u5927\uFF0C\u4F46\u6BCF\u5934\u4ED4\u732A\u6BCF\u65E5\u5403\u5230\u7684\u4E73\u91CF\u76F8\u5BF9\u8F83\u5C11\u3002\n\u5E26\u4ED4\u6570\u6BCF\u589E\u52A0\uFF11\u5934\uFF0C\u6BCD\u732A\uFF16\uFF10\u5929\u7684\u6CCC\u4E73\u91CF\u53EF\u5927\u7EA6\u589E\u52A0\uFF12\uFF15\u5343\u514B\u3002\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u653E\u4E73\u5FC5\u987B\u7ECF\u8FC7\u4ED4\u732A\u7684\u62F1\u4E73\u523A\u6FC0\u8111\u5782\u4F53\u540E\u53F6\u5206\u6CCC\u50AC\u4EA7\u7D20\uFF0C\u7136\u540E\u624D\u653E\u4E73\uFF0C\u800C\u672A\u88AB\u5403\u4E73\u7684\u4E73\u5934\u5206\u5A29\u540E\u4E0D\u4E45\u5373\u840E\u7F29\uFF0C\u56E0\u800C\u5E26\u4ED4\u6570\u591A\uFF0C\u6CCC\u4E73\u91CF\u4E5F\u591A\u3002\u56E0\u6B64\uFF0C\u8C03\u6574\u6BCD\u732A\u4EA7\u540E\u7684\u5E26\u4ED4\u6570\uFF08\u4E32\u7A9D\u3001\u5E76\u7A9D\uFF09\uFF0C\u4F7F\u5176\u5E26\u6EE1\u5168\u90E8\u6709\u6548\u4E73\u5934\u7684\u505A\u6CD5\uFF0C\u6709\u5229\u4E8E\u53D1\u6325\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u6CCC\u4E73\u6F5C\u529B\u3002\u4EA7\u4ED4\u5C11\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\uFF0C\u4ED4\u732A\u88AB\u5BC4\u517B\u51FA\u53BB\u540E\uFF0C\u53EF\u4EE5\u4FC3\u4F7F\u5176\u5C3D\u5FEB\u53D1\u60C5\u914D\u79CD\uFF0C\u4ECE\u800C\u63D0\u9AD8\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u5229\u7528\u7387\u300211\u3001\u6BCD\u732A\u4F53\u8D28\u5DEE\uFF0C\u4EA7\u540E\u53D1\u751F\u4EA7\u9053\u611F\u67D3\u7B49\u75BE\u75C5\uFF1B12\u3001\u4ED4\u732A\u56E0\u7D20\uFF1A\n\u6301\u7EED\u6CCC\u4E73\u9700\u8981\u4ED4\u732A\u542E\u4E73\u523A\u6FC0\uFF0C\u4F46\u6BCD\u732A\u56E0\u5E26\u4ED4\u5934\u6570\u8FC7\u5C11\u6216\u4E00\u7A9D\u4E2D\u5F31\u4ED4\u591A\uFF0C\u4ED4\u732A\u5BF9\u6BCD\u732A\u542E\u4E73\u523A\u6FC0\u4E0D\u8DB3\uFF0C\u81F4\u4F7F\u6BCD\u732A\u6CCC\u4E73\u9010\u6E10\u51CF\u5C11\u3002\u8FD9\u79CD\u73B0\u8C61\u5BF9\u540E\u5907\u6BCD\u732A\u4F3C\u4E4E\u5F71\u54CD\u66F4\u5927\uFF0C\u4E34\u5E8A\u4E0A\u53EF\u89C1\u5176\u6CA1\u6709\u4ED4\u732A\u5438\u542E\u7684\u4E73\u623F\uFF0C\u7B2C\u4E8C\u80CE\u4EE5\u540E\u53D1\u80B2\u4E0D\u7406\u60F3\uFF0C\u800C\u5F71\u54CD\u5176\u4EE5\u540E\u7684\u6CCC\u4E73\u91CF\u3002\u3010\u8F6C\u8F7D\u81EA\u3011\uFF1A\u732A\u4E1A\u89C6\u89D2\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u81EA\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"315","ClassID":"19","Title":"\u4E0D\u6EB6\u6027\u7EA4\u7EF4\u548C\u65E5\u7CAE\u914D\u7F6E\u65B9\u6CD5\u5BF9\u751F\u957F\u732A\u80FD\u91CF\u548C\u517B\u5206\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u7684\u5F71\u54CD","SubTitle":"\u4E0D\u6EB6\u6027\u7EA4\u7EF4\u548C\u65E5\u7CAE\u914D\u7F6E\u65B9\u6CD5\u5BF9\u751F\u957F\u732A\u80FD\u91CF\u548C\u517B\u5206\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u7684\u5F71\u54CD","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"      \u672C\u8BD5\u9A8C\u7684\u4E3B\u8981\u76EE\u7684\u5728\u4E8E\u7814\u7A76\u4E0D\u540CDDGS\u6C34\u5E73\u548C\u65E5\u7CAE\u914D\u7F6E\u65B9\u6CD5\uFF08\u7A33\u5B9A\u6CD5\u548C\u6D6E\u52A8\u6CD5\uFF09\u7684\u5DEE\u5F02\u3002\u8BD5\u9A8C\u9009\u752821\u5934\u751F\u957F\u6BCD\u732A\uFF08\u521D\u59CB\u4F53\u91CD33.1\u00B10.4kg\uFF09\uFF0C\u5B89\u88C5\u56DE\u80A0\u7618\u7BA1\uFF0C\u968F\u673A\u5206\u81F37\u4E2A\u65E5\u7CAE\u5904\u7406\uFF0C\u8BD5\u9A8C\u4E3A3\u00D77\u62C9\u4E01\u65B9\u8BBE\u8BA1\u3002
\n
\n      \u8BD5\u9A8C\u5904\u7406\u5305\u62EC\u57FA\u7840\u65E5\u7CAE\uFF0C\u4E0D\u540CDDGS\u6C34\u5E73\uFF0815%\u300130%\u300145%\uFF09\u00D7\u4E0D\u540C\u914D\u5236\u65B9\u6CD5\uFF1A1\uFF09\u7A33\u5B9A\u6CD5\uFF0C\u6052\u5B9A\u7684\u8425\u517B\uFF1A\u548C\u57FA\u7840\u65E5\u7CAE\u8425\u517B\u6C34\u5E73\u4E00\u81F4\uFF1B2\uFF09\u6D6E\u52A8\u6CD5\uFF0C\u6052\u5B9A\u7684\u539F\u6599\uFF1ADDGS\u7B49\u6BD4\u4F8B\u66FF\u4EE3\u7389\u7C73\uFF0C\u4F46\u5176\u4ED6\u9972\u6599\u539F\u6599\u4FDD\u6301\u4E0D\u53D8\uFF0C\u8425\u517B\u6C34\u5E73\u662F\u6D6E\u52A8\u7684\u3002\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E2D\u6DFB\u52A00.5%\u4E09\u6C27\u5316\u4E8C\u94EC\u4F5C\u4E3A\u6307\u793A\u5242\u3002
\n
\n      \u6570\u636E\u663E\u793A\uFF0CDDGS\u6C34\u5E73\u7684\u589E\u52A0\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u5E72\u7269\u8D28\u3001\u603B\u80FD\u3001\u6DC0\u7C89\u3001\u5FC5\u9700\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\u3001\u6DC0\u7C89\u7684\u56DE\u80A0\u8868\u89C2\u6D88\u5316\u7387\uFF08P\uFF1C0.05\uFF09\u3002\u5728\u7A33\u5B9A\u6CD5\u4E0B\uFF0C\u8D56\u6C28\u9178\u3001\u86CB\u6C28\u9178\u3001\u82CF\u6C28\u9178\u548C\u8272\u6C28\u9178\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u7684\u964D\u4F4E\u91CF\u66F4\u5927\uFF08P\uFF1C0.05\uFF09\u3002\u5728\u7A33\u5B9A\u6CD5\u4E0B\uFF0C\u534A\u7EA4\u7EF4\u7D20\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u7684\u964D\u4F4E\u91CF\u4F4E\u4E8E\u5728\u6D6E\u52A8\u6CD5\u60C5\u51B5\u4E0B\uFF08P=0.045\uFF09\u3002DDGS\u6C34\u5E73\u548C\u914D\u5236\u65B9\u6CD5\u5BF9\u9178\u89E3\u7C97\u8102\u80AA\u7684\u56DE\u80A0\u8868\u89C2\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u6709\u4E92\u4F5C\uFF08P=0.015\uFF09\uFF1B\u5728\u7A33\u5B9A\u6CD5\u4E0B\uFF0CDDGS\u6C34\u5E73\u4ECE0%\u63D0\u9AD8\u523030%\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u9178\u89E3\u7C97\u8102\u80AA\u7684\u8868\u89C2\u6D88\u5316\u7387\uFF0C\u800C30%\u548C45%\u4E4B\u95F4\u6CA1\u6709\u660E\u663E\u5DEE\u5F02\uFF0C\u5728\u6D6E\u52A8\u6CD5\u4E0B\uFF0CDDGS\u6DFB\u52A0\u91CF\u5BF9\u7C97\u8102\u80AA\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u6CA1\u6709\u5F71\u54CD\u3002DDGS\u6DFB\u52A0\u91CF\u7684\u589E\u52A0\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u5E72\u7269\u8D28\u3001\u603B\u80FD\u3001\u65E5\u7CAE\u7EA4\u7EF4\u7684\u5168\u80A0\u9053\u8868\u89C2\u6D88\u5316\u7387\uFF08P\uFF1C0.05\uFF09\uFF0C\u800C\u9178\u6027\u6D17\u6DA4\u7EA4\u7EF4\u4E0D\u53D7\u5F71\u54CD\u3002\u5728\u7A33\u5B9A\u6CD5\u4E0B\uFF0C\u4E0D\u6EB6\u6027\u7EA4\u7EF4\u548C\u603B\u65E5\u7CAE\u7EA4\u7EF4\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u7684\u964D\u4F4E\u91CF\u4F4E\u4E8E\u6D6E\u52A8\u6CD5\uFF08P\uFF1C0.05\uFF09\u3002\u4E0E\u6D6E\u52A8\u6CD5\u76F8\u6BD4\uFF0C\u7A33\u5B9A\u6CD5\u6D4B\u5F97\u7684\u9178\u89E3\u7C97\u86CB\u767D\u5168\u80A0\u9053\u8868\u89C2\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u964D\u4F4E\uFF08P\uFF1C0.01\uFF09\u3002
\n
\n      \u603B\u4E4B\uFF0C\u4EE5DDGS\u7684\u5F62\u5F0F\u589E\u52A0\u4E0D\u53EF\u6EB6\u7EA4\u7EF4\u6C34\u5E73\uFF0C\u964D\u4F4E\u4E86\u5927\u90E8\u5206\u65E5\u7CAE\u517B\u5206\u7684\u6D88\u5316\u7387\uFF0C\u5305\u62EC\u5E72\u7269\u8D28\u3001\u603B\u80FD\u3001\u6DC0\u7C89\u3001\u4E0D\u6EB6\u6027\u7EA4\u7EF4\u548C\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\u3002\u7A33\u5B9A\u6CD5\u548C\u6D6E\u52A8\u6CD5\u5728\u8BC4\u4F30\u5E72\u7269\u8D28\u3001\u603B\u80FD\u3001\u6DC0\u7C89\u3001\u7C97\u86CB\u767D\u548C\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\u7684\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u65F6\u662F\u4E00\u81F4\u7684\uFF08\u4EE5\u86CB\u767D\u5F62\u5F0F\u5B58\u5728\u7684\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\uFF09\u3002\u8FD9\u4E24\u79CD\u65B9\u6CD5\u7684\u5DEE\u5F02\u4E3B\u8981\u5728\u4E0D\u6EB6\u6027\u7EA4\u7EF4\u3001\u8102\u80AA\u548C\u5FC5\u9700\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\uFF08\u4EE5\u5408\u6210\u6C28\u57FA\u9178\u7684\u5F62\u5F0F\uFF09\u3002
\n
\n
\nImpact of increasing the levels of insoluble fiber and on the method of diet formulation measures of energy and nutrient digestibility in growing pigs
\n
\nThe objective of this study was to determine the differences in response to distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) level under constant nutrient or floating nutrient concentrations. A total of 21 ileal-cannulated gilts (33.1 \u00B1 0.4 kg body weight) were randomly allotted to one of seven dietary treatments in a 3-period incomplete Latin square design (n = 9). Treatments consisted of a 0% DDGS basal diet, plus diets containing 15%, 30%, or 45% DDGS. Diets were formulated using one of two different formulation methods: 1) constant nutrient (CNU) where nutrients were held equal to the basal diet or 2) constant ingredients (CIN) where DDGS were added at the expense of corn and all other ingredients remained constant, so nutrient levels were allowed to \u201Cfloat.\u201D Chromic oxide was added to the diets at 0.5% as an indigestible marker. Increasing the level of DDGS decreased the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of dry matter (DM), gross energy (GE), starch, dispensable amino acids (AA), and fiber components (P < 0.050). The decrease in the AID of Lys, Met, Thr, and Trp was more pronounced under CNU compared with the CIN formulation method (P < 0.050). The decrease in the AID of hemicellulose was less pronounced under CNU compared with the CIN formulation method (P = 0.045). There was a DDGS level \u00D7 formulation method interaction for the AID of acid hydrolyzed ether extract (AEE; P = 0.015); for the CNU formulation method, increasing level of DDGS decreased the AID of AEE from 0% to 30% and remained similar from 30% to 45% DDGS, whereas the CIN had no effect on the AID of AEE. Increasing the level of DDGS decreased the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of DM, GE, and fiber components (P < 0.050), except for acid detergent fiber, which was not affected. The decrease in the ATTD of insoluble dietary fiber and total dietary fiber was less pronounced under CNU compared with CIN (P < 0.050). The ATTD of AEE decreased for CNU compared with CIN (P < 0.010). In conclusion, increasing the insoluble fiber level in the form of DDGS decreased the digestibility of most dietary components, including DM, GE, starch, insoluble fiber, and AA. The CNU and CIN formulation methods are equivalent when evaluating the digestibilities of DM, GE, starch, crude protein, and AA (when they were not added in purified synthetic forms). Differences between CNU and CIN formulation methods were detected for the digestibility of insoluble fiber, fat, and essential AA (when added as crystalline AA).
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A total of 21 ileal-cannulated gilts (33.1 ± 0.4 kg body weight) were randomly allotted to one of seven dietary treatments in a 3-period incomplete Latin square design (n = 9). Treatments consisted of a 0% DDGS basal diet, plus diets containing 15%, 30%, or 45% DDGS. Diets were formulated using one of two different formulation methods: 1) constant nutrient (CNU) where nutrients were held equal to the basal diet or 2) constant ingredients (CIN) where DDGS were added at the expense of corn and all other ingredients remained constant, so nutrient levels were allowed to \u201Cfloat.\u201D Chromic oxide was added to the diets at 0.5% as an indigestible marker. Increasing the level of DDGS decreased the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of dry matter (DM), gross energy (GE), starch, dispensable amino acids (AA), and fiber components (P < 0.050). The decrease in the AID of Lys, Met, Thr, and Trp was more pronounced under CNU compared with the CIN formulation method (P < 0.050). The decrease in the AID of hemicellulose was less pronounced under CNU compared with the CIN formulation method (P = 0.045). There was a DDGS level × formulation method interaction for the AID of acid hydrolyzed ether extract (AEE; P = 0.015); for the CNU formulation method, increasing level of DDGS decreased the AID of AEE from 0% to 30% and remained similar from 30% to 45% DDGS, whereas the CIN had no effect on the AID of AEE. Increasing the level of DDGS decreased the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of DM, GE, and fiber components (P < 0.050), except for acid detergent fiber, which was not affected. The decrease in the ATTD of insoluble dietary fiber and total dietary fiber was less pronounced under CNU compared with CIN (P < 0.050). The ATTD of AEE decreased for CNU compared with CIN (P < 0.010). In conclusion, increasing the insoluble fiber level in the form of DDGS decreased the digestibility of most dietary components, including DM, GE, starch, insoluble fiber, and AA. The CNU and CIN formulation methods are equivalent when evaluating the digestibilities of DM, GE, starch, crude protein, and AA (when they were not added in purified synthetic forms). Differences between CNU and CIN formulation methods were detected for the digestibility of insoluble fiber, fat, and essential AA (when added as crystalline AA).\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"314","ClassID":"21","Title":"\u517B\u732A\u5C31\u662F\u517B\u6E29\u5EA6\uFF0C\u5B83\u5BF9\u5916\u754C\u6E29\u5EA6\u7684\u8981\u6C42\u975E\u5E38\u4E25\u683C\uFF01\u517B\u732A\u7A76\u7ADF\u9700\u51E0\u5EA6\uFF1F","SubTitle":"\u517B\u732A\u5C31\u662F\u517B\u6E29\u5EA6\uFF0C\u5B83\u5BF9\u5916\u754C\u6E29\u5EA6\u7684\u8981\u6C42\u975E\u5E38\u4E25\u683C\uFF01\u517B\u732A\u7A76\u7ADF\u9700\u51E0\u5EA6\uFF1F","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"      \u732A\u662F\u6052\u6E29\u52A8\u7269\uFF0C\u6B63\u5E38\u7684\u4F53\u6E29\u662F38.7-39.8\u2103\u4E4B\u95F4\uFF0C\u5BF9\u5916\u754C\u6E29\u5EA6\u7684\u8981\u6C42\u6BD4\u8F83\u4E25\u683C\uFF0C\u6E29\u5EA6\u8FC7\u9AD8\u6216\u8FC7\u4F4E\uFF0C\u8D85\u8FC7\u732A\u7684\u9002\u5B9C\u6E29\u5EA6\u8303\u56F4\uFF0C\u5C31\u4F1A\u5F71\u54CD\u732A\u7684\u751F\u957F\u53D1\u80B2\uFF0C\u9020\u6210\u9972\u6599\u6D88\u8017\u589E\u52A0\uFF0C\u9972\u517B\u6210\u672C\u589E\u52A0\uFF0C\u4E25\u91CD\u7684\u8FD8\u4F1A\u5F15\u8D77\u732A\u53D1\u75C5\u751A\u81F3\u6B7B\u4EA1\u3002
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\n

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\n
\n\u6E29\u5EA6\u53D8\u5316\u5BF9\u732A\u751F\u4EA7\u6027\u80FD\u7684\u5F71\u54CD

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\n      \u5728\u6301\u7EED\u9AD8\u6E29\u73AF\u5883\u65F6\uFF0C\u537328\u201435\u2103\uFF0C\u4E09\u4E2A\u4E0D\u540C\u751F\u957F\u9636\u6BB5\u7684\u732A\uFF08\u4F53\u91CD\u5206\u522B\u4E3A16\u201430Kg\u300130\u201460Kg\u548C60\u201490Kg\uFF09\u65E5\u91C7\u98DF\u91CF\u8F83\u5E38\u6E29\u4E0B\u7684\u732A\u5206\u522B\u4E0B\u964D9%\u300114%\u548C20%\uFF0C\u65E5\u589E\u91CD\u5206\u522B\u4E0B\u964D11%\u300121%\u548C23%\uFF0C\u6599\u8089\u6BD4\u5206\u522B\u589E\u52A00.05\u30010.23\u548C0.14\u3002
\n      \u9AD8\u6E29\u4F1A\u5F71\u54CD\u5206\u5A29\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u7E41\u6B96\u80FD\u529B\uFF0C\u5728\u5929\u6C14\u708E\u70ED\u76847\u20149\u6708\uFF0C80%\u5DE6\u53F3\u7684\u7E41\u6B96\u6BCD\u732A\u5375\u5DE2\u673A\u80FD\u51CF\u9000\uFF0C\u53D1\u60C5\u65E0\u89C4\u5F8B\u6216\u4E0D\u53D1\u60C5\uFF0C\u65B0\u6BCD\u732A\u7684\u521D\u60C5\u671F\u5EF6\u8FDF\uFF0C\u53D7\u80CE\u7387\u4E0B\u964D\uFF0C\u4EA7\u4ED4\u6570\u51CF\u5C11\u3002
\n      \u9AD8\u6E29\u53EF\u663E\u8457\u964D\u4F4E\u732A\u7684\u751F\u957F\u6027\u80FD\uFF0C\u6301\u7EED\u7684\u9AD8\u6E29\u4F1A\u663E\u8457\u964D\u4F4E\u732A\u7684\u7EC6\u80DE\u514D\u75AB\u529F\u80FD\u5E76\u5F15\u8D77\u6297\u75C5\u529B\u4E0B\u964D\u3002\u540C\u6837\u4F4E\u6E29\u4E5F\u4F1A\u5BF9\u732A\u4EA7\u751F\u4E0D\u5229\u5F71\u54CD\u3002
\n      \u5C06\u4F53\u91CD\u4E3A68Kg\u7684\u732A\u5206\u522B\u57284.4\u2103\u548C26.7\u2103\u4E2D\u9972\u517B\u523093Kg\uFF0C\u524D\u8005\u7684\u80F4\u4F53\u7626\u8089\u7387\u8F83\u540E\u8005\u9AD8\uFF0C\u8102\u80AA\u8F83\u540E\u8005\u5C11\uFF0C\u4E3B\u8981\u539F\u56E0\u662F\u4F4E\u6E29\u65F6\uFF0C\u4E3A\u4E86\u4FDD\u6301\u4F53\u6E29\u6240\u9700\u7684\u80FD\u91CF\u8F83\u591A\uFF0C\u968F\u4E4B\u8102\u80AA\u6C89\u79EF\u4E5F\u4F1A\u51CF\u5C11\u3002
\n      \u5728\u5BF920\u201440kg(\u73AF\u5883\u6E29\u5EA6\u5206\u522B\u4E3A10\u2103\u300115\u2103\u548C20\u2103)\u548C60\u201480kg(\u73AF\u5883\u6E29\u5EA6\u5206\u522B\u4E3A5\u2103\u300110\u2103\u300115\u2103\u548C20\u2103)\u7684\u8BD5\u9A8C\u4E2D\uFF0C\u4F4E\u6E29\u60C5\u51B5\u4E0B\uFF0C\u968F\u6E29\u5EA6\u7684\u964D\u4F4E\u91C7\u98DF\u91CF\u7EBF\u6027\u589E\u52A0\uFF0C\u9972\u6599\u8F6C\u5316\u7387\u7EBF\u6027\u4E0B\u964D\uFF0C\u9AD8\u6E29\u5BF9\u751F\u4EA7\u6027\u80FD\u7684\u4E0D\u5229\u5F71\u54CD\u5927\u4E8E\u4F4E\u6E29\u3002
\n

\n\u5982\u4F55\u505A\u5230\u6709\u6548\u63A7\u5236\u732A\u7FA4\u7684\u6E29\u5EA6\u5462\uFF1F\u4EE5\u4E0B\u662F\u7ECF\u9A8C\u4ECB\u7ECD\uFF1A
\n1\u3001\u755C\u820D\u5C3D\u91CF\u5E72\u6E05\u7CAA\uFF0C\u80FD\u4E0D\u7528\u6C34\u5C3D\u91CF\u4E0D\u7528\u6C34\uFF0C\u9632\u6B62\u9AD8\u6E29\u9AD8\u6E7F\u548C\u4F4E\u6E29\u9AD8\u6E7F\u5BF9\u732A\u7FA4\u7684\u5E94\u6FC0;
\n2\u3001\u89C2\u5BDF\u732A\u7FA4\u7684\u5177\u4F53\u60C5\u51B5\uFF0C\u5982\u91C7\u98DF\u60C5\u51B5\u3001\u7761\u59FF\u3001\u8F70\u52A8\u60C5\u51B5\u7B49\u7B49;
\n3\u3001\u505A\u597D\u901A\u98CE\uFF0C\u5347\u6E29\u7B49\u5DE5\u4F5C;
\n4\u3001\u9632\u6B62\u8D3C\u98CE\u548C\u590F\u5B63\u7684\u9177\u70ED;
\n5\u3001\u65E5\u5E38\u5DE5\u4F5C\u8BB0\u5F55;
\n6\u3001\u6E29\u5EA6\u8BA1\u4F7F\u7528\u3002
\n

\n      \u6E29\u5EA6\u662F\u8861\u91CF\u755C\u820D\u5185\u6E29\u5EA6\u7684\u91CD\u8981\u4F9D\u636E\uFF0C\u4E00\u5207\u8981\u4EE5\u732A\u4E3A\u672C\uFF0C\u732A\u8BF4\u4E86\u7B97\uFF0C\u8FD9\u5C31\u9700\u8981\u9972\u517B\u5458\u6709\u9AD8\u5EA6\u7684\u8D23\u4EFB\u5FC3\u548C\u4E8B\u4E1A\u5FC3\u3002\u5982\u4EA7\u623F\u7684\u6E29\u5EA6\u53EF\u4EE5\u662F21-25\u2103\uFF0C\u800C\u4FDD\u6E29\u7BB1\u7684\u6E29\u5EA6\u662F29-32\u2103\uFF0C\u9972\u517B\u5458\u4E0D\u80FD\u4EC5\u4EC5\u770B\u6E29\u5EA6\u8BA1\u662F\u5728\u8FD9\u4E2A\u8303\u56F4\u5185\u4E86\uFF0C\u5FC5\u987B\u8BA4\u771F\u89C2\u5BDF\u6BCD\u732A\u548C\u4E73\u732A\u7684\u7761\u59FF\u3001\u91C7\u98DF\u3001\u5065\u5EB7\u7B49\u60C5\u51B5\u6765\u8C03\u8282\u6E29\u5EA6\uFF0C\u4F7F\u732A\u7FA4\u5904\u4E8E\u6700\u9002\u72B6\u6001\u3002\u4ED4\u732A\u65AD\u5976\u540E\uFF0C\u901A\u5E38\u9700\u8981\u5347\u6E29\uFF0C\u8303\u56F4\u662F29-31\u2103\uFF0C\u5B9E\u9645\u64CD\u4F5C\u4E2D\uFF0C\u4E0D\u80FD\u53EA\u770B\u6E29\u5EA6\u8BA1\u662F\u8FD9\u4E2A\u8303\u56F4\u5C31\u884C\u4E86\uFF0C\u9700\u8981\u89C2\u5BDF\u4ED4\u732A\u7684\u7761\u59FF\u548C\u91C7\u98DF\u60C5\u51B5\uFF0C\u6E29\u5EA6\u9AD8\u4E86\uFF0C\u4ED4\u732A\u4E0D\u91C7\u98DF\u5927\u91CF\u559D\u6C34\uFF0C\u5206\u6563\u7761\u6216\u4E0D\u7761\u89C9\u4E71\u8DD1\u3002\u6E29\u5EA6\u4F4E\u4E86\uFF0C\u4ED4\u732A\u6324\u6210\u4E00\u56E2\u3002\u9972\u517B\u5458\u5E94\u8BE5\u6839\u636E\u8FD9\u4E9B\u60C5\u51B5\u53CA\u65F6\u8C03\u6574\u6E29\u5EA6\uFF0C\u4EE5\u4FDD\u8BC1\u4ED4\u732A\u7684\u6700\u9002\u6E29\u5EA6\u72B6\u6001\u3002\uFF08\u8D44\u6599\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u517B\u732A\u8BBA\u575B\uFF09
\n
\n\u3010\u8F6C\u8F7D\u81EA\u3011\uFF1A\u732A\u4E1A\u89C6\u89D2/\u517B\u732A\u8BBA\u575B
\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u81EA\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002

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7:40:46","RelativeID":"","linkurl":"/article/314","className":"\u670D\u52A1\u652F\u6301","target":"_self","summary":"\u732A\u662F\u6052\u6E29\u52A8\u7269\uFF0C\u6B63\u5E38\u7684\u4F53\u6E29\u662F38.7-39.8\u2103\u4E4B\u95F4\uFF0C\u5BF9\u5916\u754C\u6E29\u5EA6\u7684\u8981\u6C42\u6BD4\u8F83\u4E25\u683C\uFF0C\u6E29\u5EA6\u8FC7\u9AD8\u6216\u8FC7\u4F4E\uFF0C\u8D85\u8FC7\u732A\u7684\u9002\u5B9C\u6E29\u5EA6\u8303\u56F4\uFF0C\u5C31\u4F1A\u5F71\u54CD\u732A\u7684\u751F\u957F\u53D1\u80B2\uFF0C\u9020\u6210\u9972\u6599\u6D88\u8017\u589E\u52A0\uFF0C\u9972\u517B\u6210\u672C\u589E\u52A0\uFF0C\u4E25\u91CD\u7684\u8FD8\u4F1A\u5F15\u8D77\u732A\u53D1\u75C5\u751A\u81F3\u6B7B\u4EA1\u3002\n 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\n
\n\u8BD5\u9A8C\u6570\u636E\u663E\u793A\uFF0C\u5E73\u5747\u65E5\u589E\u91CD\uFF08ADG\uFF0CP < 0.01\uFF09\u548C\u5E73\u5747\u65E5\u91C7\u98DF\u91CF\uFF08ADFI\uFF0CP < 0.01\uFF09\u4E0E\u86CB\u767D\u8D28\u6C27\u5316\u6C34\u5E73\u5448\u7EBF\u6027\u6B63\u76F8\u5173\uFF0C\u4F46\u9972\u6599\u8F6C\u5316\u7387\uFF08GF\uFF09\u65E0\u5F71\u54CD\u3002\u6B64\u5916\uFF0C\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E2D\u86CB\u767D\u8D28\uFF08P = 0.03\uFF09\u548C\u8102\u80AA\uFF08P < 0.01\uFF09\u7684\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u968F\u86CB\u767D\u8D28\u6C27\u5316\u7387\u7684\u589E\u52A0\u800C\u964D\u4F4E\u3002\u9690\u7A9D\u6DF1\u5EA6\u4E0E\u65E5\u7CAE\u86CB\u767D\u6C27\u5316\u6C34\u5E73\u5448\u7EBF\u6027\u6B63\u76F8\u5173\uFF08P = 0.02\uFF09\u3002\u4E0E\u672A\u52A0\u70ED\u6216\u52A0\u70ED\u81F3100\u2103\u7684\u8840\u6D46\u5582\u517B\u7684\u732A\u53EA\u76F8\u6BD4\uFF0C\u9972\u5582\u52A0\u70ED\u523045\u2103\u7684\u8840\u6D46\u86CB\u767D\u7EC4\u732A\u53EA\u5728\u809D\u810F\u6837\u672C\u4E2D\u89C2\u5BDF\u5230\u8102\u8D28\u6C27\u5316\u7A0B\u5EA6\u6709\u589E\u52A0\u7684\u8D8B\u52BF\uFF08P = 0.09\uFF09\u3002\u7A7A\u80A0DNA\u635F\u4F24\u4E0E\u65E5\u7CAE\u86CB\u767D\u6C27\u5316\u6C34\u5E73\u6709\u7EBF\u6027\u5173\u7CFB\u7684\u8D8B\u52BF\uFF08P = 0.07\uFF09\u3002
\n
\n\u5C3D\u7BA1\u7814\u7A76\u7ED3\u679C\u8868\u660E\uFF0C\u65E5\u7CAE\u4E2D\u7684\u6C27\u5316\u86CB\u767D\u5728\u77ED\u671F\u5582\u517B\u4E2D\u4E0D\u4F1A\u8BF1\u5BFC\u6C27\u5316\u5E94\u6FC0\u3002\u4F46\u751F\u4EA7\u6027\u80FD\u3001\u80A0\u9053\u5F62\u6001\u548C\u6D88\u5316\u7387\u7684\u5DEE\u5F02\u4ECD\u7136\u53EF\u80FD\u662F\u86CB\u767D\u8D28\u5229\u7528\u7387\u964D\u4F4E\u7684\u7ED3\u679C\u3002
\n
\nImpact of dietary oxidized protein on oxidative status and performance in growing pigs
\nRendered products from the meat industry can provide economical quality sources of proteins to the animal and feed industry. Similar to lipids, rendered proteins are susceptible to oxidation, yet the stability of these proteins is unclear. In addition, interest in understanding how oxidative stress can impact efficiency in production animals is increasing. Recent studies show that consumption of oxidized lipids can lead to a change in the oxidative status of the animal as well as decreases in production efficiency. To date, little is known about how consumption of oxidized proteins impacts oxidative status and growth performance. The objectives of this study were to determine if feeding diets high in oxidized protein to growing pigs would: 1) impact growth performance and 2) induce oxidative stress. Thirty pigs (42 d old; initial body weight [BW] 12.49 \u00B1 1.45 kg) were randomly assigned to one of three dietary treatments with increasing levels of oxidized protein. Spray-dried bovine plasma was used as the protein source and was either unheated upon arrival, heated at 45 \u00B0C for 4 d, or heated at 100 \u00B0C for 3 d. Diets were fed for 19 d and growth performance was measured. Blood plasma (days 0 and 18), jejunum, colon, and liver tissues (day 19) were collected to analyze for markers of oxidative stress (e.g., protein oxidation, lipid oxidation, DNA damage, and glutathione peroxidase activity). Average daily gain (ADG;P < 0.01) and average daily feed intake (ADFI;P < 0.01) had a positive linear relationship to increased protein oxidation, but there was no effect on gain to feed ratio. Furthermore, protein (P = 0.03) and fat (P < 0.01) digestibility were reduced with increased protein oxidation in the diet. Crypt depth showed a positive linear relationship with dietary protein oxidation levels (P = 0.02). A trend was observed in liver samples where pigs fed the plasma heated to 45 \u00B0C had increased lipid oxidation compared with pigs fed the plasma either unheated or heated to 100 \u00B0C (P = 0.09). DNA damage in the jejunum tended to have a linear relationship with the dietary protein oxidation level (P = 0.07). Even though results suggest dietary oxidized protein did not induce oxidative stress during short-term feeding, differences in performance, gut morphology, and digestibility are likely a result of reduced protein availability.
\n
\n\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B
\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002
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Similar to lipids, rendered proteins are susceptible to oxidation, yet the stability of these proteins is unclear. In addition, interest in understanding how oxidative stress can impact efficiency in production animals is increasing. Recent studies show that consumption of oxidized lipids can lead to a change in the oxidative status of the animal as well as decreases in production efficiency. To date, little is known about how consumption of oxidized proteins impacts oxidative status and growth performance. The objectives of this study were to determine if feeding diets high in oxidized protein to growing pigs would: 1) impact growth performance and 2) induce oxidative stress. Thirty pigs (42 d old; initial body weight [BW] 12.49 ± 1.45 kg) were randomly assigned to one of three dietary treatments with increasing levels of oxidized protein. Spray-dried bovine plasma was used as the protein source and was either unheated upon arrival, heated at 45 °C for 4 d, or heated at 100 °C for 3 d. Diets were fed for 19 d and growth performance was measured. Blood plasma (days 0 and 18), jejunum, colon, and liver tissues (day 19) were collected to analyze for markers of oxidative stress (e.g., protein oxidation, lipid oxidation, DNA damage, and glutathione peroxidase activity). Average daily gain (ADG;P < 0.01) and average daily feed intake (ADFI;P < 0.01) had a positive linear relationship to increased protein oxidation, but there was no effect on gain to feed ratio. Furthermore, protein (P = 0.03) and fat (P < 0.01) digestibility were reduced with increased protein oxidation in the diet. Crypt depth showed a positive linear relationship with dietary protein oxidation levels (P = 0.02). A trend was observed in liver samples where pigs fed the plasma heated to 45 °C had increased lipid oxidation compared with pigs fed the plasma either unheated or heated to 100 °C (P = 0.09). DNA damage in the jejunum tended to have a linear relationship with the dietary protein oxidation level (P = 0.07). Even though results suggest dietary oxidized protein did not induce oxidative stress during short-term feeding, differences in performance, gut morphology, and digestibility are likely a result of reduced protein availability.\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\uFF1A\u732A\u8425\u517B\u56FD\u9645\u8BBA\u575B\n\u3010\u514D\u8D23\u58F0\u660E\u3011\uFF1A\u6587\u7AE0\u6765\u6E90\u4E8E\u7F51\u7EDC\uFF0C\u6211\u4EEC\u5BF9\u6587\u4E2D\u9648\u8FF0\u89C2\u70B9\u5224\u65AD\u4FDD\u6301\u4E2D\u7ACB\uFF0C\u5E76\u4E0D\u5BF9\u6587\u7AE0\u89C2\u70B9\u8D1F\u8D23\u3002\u4EC5\u4F9B\u8BFB\u8005\u53C2\u8003\u3002\u7248\u6743\u5C5E\u4E8E\u539F\u4F5C\u8005\u3002"},{"ID":"311","ClassID":"21","Title":"\u6BCD\u732A\u4EA7\u4ED4\u6570\u5C11\u7684\u771F\u6B63\u539F\u56E0\u4F60\u77E5\u9053\u5417\uFF1F","SubTitle":"\u6BCD\u732A\u4EA7\u4ED4\u6570\u5C11\u7684\u771F\u6B63\u539F\u56E0\u4F60\u77E5\u9053\u5417\uFF1F","TitleAttr":"","TitleColor":"FFFFFF","Summary":"","Info":"
\u6709\u8BB8\u591A\u670B\u53CB\u5728\u540E\u53F0\u7559\u8A00\u8BF4\u81EA\u5BB6\u6BCD\u732A\u4EA7\u4ED4\u6570\u5C11\uFF0C\u4E5F\u4E0D\u77E5\u9053\u539F\u56E0\uFF0C\u4ECA\u5929\u5C31\u4E3A\u5927\u5BB6\u5206\u6790\u4E0B\u54EA\u4E9B\u56E0\u7D20\u4F1A\u5F15\u8D77\u6B64\u7C7B\u95EE\u9898\u7684\u53D1\u751F\u3002
\n

\n\u4E00\u3001\u914D\u79CD\u5B63\u8282
\n\u6211\u4EA7\u4ED4\u732A\u548C\u6570\u91CF\u4F1A\u56E0\u5B63\u8282\u53D7\u5230\u5F71\u54CD\uFF0C1-4\u6708\u914D\u79CD\u7684\u6BCD\u732A\u7A9D\u4EA7\u4ED4\u6570\u591A\uFF0C6-9\u6708\u76F8\u5BF9\u4F1A\u5C11\u4E00\u4E9B\uFF0C\u5EFA\u8BAE\u732A\u573A\u4FDD\u6301\u5B9A\u91CF\u901A\u98CE\u548C\u9002\u5F53\u6E29\u5EA6\uFF0C\u6EE1\u8DB3\u732A\u5BF9\u732A\u820D\u5C0F\u6C14\u5019\u7684\u9700\u8981\u3002
\n

\n\u4E8C\u3001\u54C1\u79CD\u539F\u56E0
\n\u6BCD\u732A\u4EA7\u4ED4\u6570\u4E0E\u54C1\u79CD\u7684\u7E41\u6B96\u529B\u662F\u6709\u5173\u8054\u7684\uFF0C\u5982\u675C\u6D1B\u514B\u3001\u76AE\u7279\u5170\u7684\u7E41\u6B96\u80FD\u529B\u672C\u8EAB\u5C31\u4E0D\u5F3A\uFF0C\u6216\u516C\u732A\u7CBE\u6DB2\u8D28\u91CF\u4E0D\u9AD8\u3002
\n

\n\u4E09\u3001\u9972\u6599\u95EE\u9898
\n\u8C46\u7C95\u7684\u5C3F\u7D20\u9176\u504F\u9AD8\uFF1B\u7389\u7C73\u7684\u9EC4\u66F2\u9709\u8D85\u6807\uFF1B\u5BF9\u9EB8\u76AE\u8D28\u91CF\u4E0D\u91CD\u89C6\uFF1B\u6C1F\u542B\u91CF\u8D85\u6807\uFF1B\u6BCD\u732A\u5BF9\u77FF\u7269\u8D28\u6D88\u5316\u529B\u4E0D\u5F3A\uFF0C\u5BFC\u81F4\u78F7\u3001\u9499\u65E0\u6CD5\u5438\u6536\u3002
\n

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